Turkmenistan, second largest country of Central Asia. Turkestan: Refers to an area comprising 5 autonomous former Soviet republics east of the Caspian Sea and North of Afghanistan. It became a commercial centre after the final demise of Otrar, the medieval city whose ruins lie near the Syr Darya to the southeast. Turkistan may be reached by train from Almaty, in a journey of nearly 20 hours. Finally, this city was conquered in Kokand khanate by Russian General Veryovkin in 1864. It is situated 160 km (100 mi) north-west of Shymkent on the Trans-Aral Railway between Kyzylorda to the north and Tashkentto the south. Mission to Turkestan: Being the memoirs of Count K.K. "Islam and Turkestan Under Russian Rule. Many artifacts were produced in that period, with much trade being conducted. Throughout most of the medieval and early-modern period it was known as Iasy or Shavgar and after the 16th-17th centuries as Turkistan or Hazrat, both of which names derive from the title 'Hazrat-i Turkistan', which literally means "the Saint (or Blessed One) of Turkistan" and refers to Khoja Akhmet Yassawi, the Sufi Sheikh of Turkistan, who lived here during the 11th century CE and is buried in the town. [10] The Qara Khitai used the "image of China" to legitimize their rule to the Central Asians. Coordinates. Turkestan Reunion (Kodansha Globe) by Eleanor Lattimore. Turkistan, also spelled Turkestan, in Asian history, the regions of Central Asia lying between Siberia on the north; Tibet, India, Afghanistan, and Iran on the south; the Gobi (desert) on the east; and the Caspian Sea on the west. Turkmenistan’s Law on Citizenship does not recognize dual citizenship for its citizens. This region and Atyrau Region are Kazakhstan's two smallest regions; both are about 117,300 square kilometers in area. 48. Give yourself a couple of days. [6] The eastern portion of Turkestan was also called Moghulistan and continued to be ruled by descendants of Genghis Khan. Huns conquered the area after they conquered Kashgaria in the early 2nd century BC. [12] Despite the Chinese trappings, there were comparatively few Han Chinese among the population of the Qara Khitai. Turkestan and the Fate of the Russian Empire by Daniel Brower. In the 16th to 18th centuries, Turkistan became the capital of the Kazakh Khanate. [13] These Han Chinese had lived in Kedun during the Liao dynasty,[14] and in 1124 migrated with the Khitans under Yelü Dashi along with other people of Kedun, such as the Bohai, Jurchen, and Mongol tribes, as well as other Khitans in addition to the Xiao consort clan. Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion. Mayor Rashid Ayupov lamented via Facebook that "millions of people around the world might wonder about the fictional country 'Turgistan' and … It is situated 160 km (100 mi) north-west of Shymkent on the Trans-Aral Railway between Kyzylorda to the north and Tashkent to the south. City and the administrative center of Turkistan Region, Kazakhstan, This article is about the city in Kazakhstan. When the Tsarist regime fell in 1917-18 it was briefly part of the Turkistan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic before being part of the Kazakh ASSR within Soviet Russia in 1924. Turkistan (Kazakh: Түркістан Türkistan تٷركئستان), is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river. Hi Barb, it is a beautiful country. It is subdivided into Afghan Turkestan and Russian Turkestan in the West, and East Turkestan in the East. Turkistan is one of Kazakhstan's historic cities with an archaeological record dating back to the 4th century.[3]. [4] It became the political center of the Kazakh steppe, but after advancing conquest expeditions of the Russian Empire and the associated weakening of the Kazakh Khanate benefited small southern states that he was captured. Its population has increased within ten years from 102,505 (1999 Census results) to 142,899 (2009 Census results). At Turkestan (Туркестан) stands Kazakhstan’s greatest architectural monument and most important pilgrimage site: the mausoleum of Kozha Akhmed Yasaui. Turkestan Tourism: Tripadvisor has 258 reviews of Turkestan Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Turkestan resource. Google+. The Persian Samanid dynasty subsequently conquered it and the area experienced economic success. For the city in Kazakhstan, see, Gladys D. Clewell, Holland Thompson, "Lands and Peoples: The world in color," Volume 3, page 163. Genghis Khan gave the territory to his son Chagatai and the area became the Chagatai Khanate. Mistaking its name for the entire region, they adopted the name of "Turkestan" (Russian: Туркестан) for their new territory.[4][5]. Pahlen, 1908–1909 by Konstantin Konstanovich Pahlen. Turkestan synonyms, Turkestan pronunciation, Turkestan translation, English dictionary definition of Turkestan. Carpini was travelling from Easter till Ascension-Day through the land of the Kangites, and thence he came into the Biserium country, or what we call Turkestan in the present day; on all sides the eye rested on towns and villages in ruins.. Celebrated Travels and Travellers Part I. The Saint was held in such reverence that the city was known as the Second Mecca of the East, a vision which has helped shape the spiritual identity of Muslims in Kazakhstan.[6]. Kurdistan is not a country but a region that spans across several countries in the Middle East. Turan (also spelled Turgistan and Turestan) was a province of the Sasanian Empire located in present-day Pakistan. "Turkestan Zwischen Russland Und China. It is … Turkic sagas, such as the "Ergenekon" legend, and written sources, such as the Orkhon Inscriptions, state that Turkic peoples originated in the nearby Altai Mountains, and, through nomadic settlement, started their long journey westwards. According to a regional tradition, three pilgrimages to Turkistan are equivalent to one hajj to Mecca (such local piety is known also in relation to other religious monuments in the Muslim world). Design by, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:14. Marwazī wrote that Transoxiana was a former part of China,[16] while Fakhr al-Dīn Mubārak Shāh defined China as part of "Turkestan", and the cities of Balāsāghūn and Kashghar were considered part of China. Its capital is Turkistan. Is Turgistan in ‘6 Underground’ a Real Country? Twitter. Turkestan is located about 160 km northwest of Taraz city. Tribal Rugs from Afghanistan and Turkestan by Jack Frances. No. Because of his influence and in his memory the city became an important centre of spirituality and Islamic learning for the peoples of the Kazakh steppes. The population rose by 10% from 1989 to 99, making it the second fastest-growing town in Kazakhstan, after the new capital Nur-Sultan. A rough estimate places the Kurdistan region to be between north-western Zagros and eastern Taurus mountain ranges. Known as Turan to the Persians, western Turkestan has also been known historically as Sogdiana, "Ma wara'u'n-nahr" (by its Arab conquerors), and Transoxiana by Western travelers. Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan (Persian: ترکستان‎, romanized: Torkestân, lit. In fact, more than half of the country is higher than 3,000 m, (9,842 ft.) in elevation. Arab forces captured it in the 8th century. Turkestan avant-garde. The region was a focal point for cultural diffusion, as the Silk Road traversed it. This is a civilization museum associated with the French Louvre, opened in 2017. Turkistan's most prominent historical and cultural asset is the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Her… WhatsApp ‘6 Underground’, Ryan Reynolds’ latest action movie, was made available for streaming on Netflix recently. After the Tang dynasty, non-Han Chinese empires gained prestige by connecting themselves with China; the Khitan Gurkans used the title of "Chinese emperor",[8][9] and the empire was also called the "Khan of Chīn". In Chinese historiography, the Qara Khitai is most commonly called the "Western Liao" (西遼) and is considered to be a legitimate Chinese dynasty, as is the case for the Liao dynasty. Names derived from Khitai are still in use, such as the Russian, Bulgarian, Uzbek and Mongolian names for China. [4] "Turkestan" is used to describe any place where Turkic peoples lived. The country's most significant river is the Amu Darya, which flows across and along its border with Uzbekistan. Tajiks and Russians form sizable non-Turkic minorities. km. The latter two names refer to its position beyond the River Oxus when approached from the south, emphasizing Turkestan's long-standing relationship with Iran, the Persian Empires, and the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates. [citation needed] The Chinese emperor, together with the rulers of the Turks, Arabs, India and the Byzantine Romans, were known to Islamic writers as the world's "five great kings". Turkistan Region borders the … Consequently, U.S.-Turkmen dual citizens are often denied departure from the country until they renounce their Turkmen citizenship, a process that can take several months. 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang. For the general region, see, Turkistan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, "Публичное подписание Указа «О некоторых вопросах административно-территориального устройства Республики Казахстан»", Демоскоп Weekly — Приложение. Coordinates: 43°17′51.75″N 68°16′15.80″E / 43.2977083°N 68.2710556°E / 43.2977083; 68.2710556 Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. Other cities in Turkistan Region include Sayram, Kentau, Arys, Shardara, Zhetisay, Saryagash, and Lenger. The Arts and Crafts of Turkestan (Arts & Crafts) by Johannes Kalter. Oghuz Turks (also known as Turkmens), Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Khazars, Kyrgyz, Hazara and Uyghurs are some of the Turkic inhabitants of the region who, as history progressed, have spread further into Eurasia forming such Turkic nations as Turkey, and subnational regions like Tatarstan in Russia and Crimea in Ukraine. It is the region's smallest nation. Meri Kahaani 782,365 views 9:36 Not all of those states accept the designation of "Turkestan", however; Tajikistan's Persian-speaking population feels more closely aligned with Iran and Afghanistan. Uzbekistan is a part of a greater historical historical area called Turkistan (Turkestan) "stan" means land, so Turkestan refers to the Land of Turkiy (or Turkic) people, just like Uzbekistan refers to the land of Uzbeks. Turkestan played an important role in Kazakhstan history and is a sacred town for significant part of Kazakh people. [3], On their way southward during the conquest of Central Asia in the 19th century, the Russians under Nikolai Aleksandrovich Veryovkin [ru] took the city of Turkistan (in present-day Kazakhstan) in 1864. East Turkestan", a term of Russian origin, asserts a continuity with a "West Turkestan" or the now-independent states of Soviet Central Asia. "Soviet Affairs Study Group," Volume 16, page 3. [6] The entire territory was held at various times by Turkic forces, such as the Göktürks, until the conquest by Genghis Khan and the Mongols in 1220. The province was mainly populated by Indians, and bordered Paradan in the west, Hind in the east, Sakastan in the north, and Makuran in the south. Its population has increased within ten years from 102,505 (1999 Census results)[1] to 142,899 (2009 Census results). Ryan Reynolds plays the lead character in the movie and is referred to, as “One.” The movie’s plot kicks off when he sees Turgistan’s dictator use fighter jets to drop sarin gas (a toxic nerve agent) on his own population. Uzbeks, Turkmens, Kazakhs, Uyghurs, Tatars - all … [3] Iranian geographers first used the word to describe the place of Turkic peoples. Happy travels. State symbols of the fictional Turgistan bear a striking resemblance to those of Turkmenistan, while residents of Turgistan seem to speak Turkmen and also bear Turkmen names. Population: 2,469,367; 1,978,339. This is a list of fictional countries from published works of fiction (books, films, television series, games, etc.). It was pictured on the back of the banknotes of the national currency until 2006. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. The administrative centre of the region moved to Turkistan and the region was renamed Turkistan Region. It is located 16 km (9.9 mi) NE from the centre of city. A searchable, updated list of all Hearts of Iron IV country tags. Kurdistan (/ ˌ k ɜːr d ɪ ˈ s t æ n, ˈ s t ɑː n /; Kurdish: Kurdistan ,کوردستان ‎ [ˌkʊɾdɪˈstɑːn] (); lit. Turkestan was an ancient centre of the caravan trade; it was known as Shavgar and later as Yasī. See Turkistan ... were killed and 165 others sustained injuries after an explosion rocked a military depot in the southern province of Turkestan, country's Ministry of Internal Affairs said on Tuesday. The vast majority of the annual precipitation falls between late autumn and late spring. These regions are connected by the Kurdish people who are found spread out in these nations. It was built by Timur (Tamarlane; 1336–1405) in the late 14th century on a grand scale comparable with his magnificent creations in Samarkand, and has no rivals in Kazakhstan for human-made beauty. ", Baymirza Hayit. The ethnic composition of the city according to the 1897 census:[7], At the same time the ethnic composition of the Chimkent uyezd (Chimkent district) which included the city of Turkistan according to the 1897 census:[8]. The road trip from the nearest airport at Shymkent takes about two hours. The Heart of Asia: A History of Russian Turkestan and the Central Asian Khanates from the Earliest Times by Edward Den Ross. The course of the river in the country can be observed on the map above. [7] The history of the Qara Khitai was included in the History of Liao (one of the Twenty-Four Histories), which was compiled officially during the Yuan dynasty by Toqto'a et al. 0. Turkestan Solo: A Journey Through Central Asia, by, Baymirza Hayit. [18] However, the use of "Khitai" to mean "China" or "Chinese" by Turkic speakers within China, such as the Uyghurs, is considered pejorative by the Chinese authorities, who have tried to ban it. [11] Qara Khitai kept the trappings of a Chinese state, such as Chinese coins, Chinese imperial titles, the Chinese writing system, tablets, seals, and used Chinese products like porcelein, mirrors, jade and other Chinese customs. ", Baymirza Hayit. With the dissolution of the Huns' Empire, Chinese rulers took over Eastern Turkestan. Excerpt: On their way southward from, "Like a Mighty Wall: The armies of the Qara Khitai", "Chapter 11 - The Kitan and the Kara Kitay", Basmachi: Turkestan National Liberation Movement, International Organization of Turkic Culture (TÜRKSOY), Organization of the Eurasian Law Enforcement Agencies with Military Status (TAKM), State with limited international recognition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkestan&oldid=992460343, Articles containing Russian-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Russia articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, David Christian "A History Of Russia, Central Asia, and Mongolia" (Oxford) 1998 Vol.I. [5], The city attracts thousands of pilgrims. Facebook. Modern-day Turkistan has a population of 165,000 (2019 census). Other important historical sites in the city include a medieval bath-house and four other mausoleums, one dedicated to Timur's granddaughter and three to Kazakh khans (rulers). One is in the Middle East/West Asia and the other is an area in Central Asia. Excerpt: Never a single nation, the name Turkestan means simply the place of, Central Asian review by Central Asian Research Centre (London, England), St. Antony's College (University of Oxford). In the 1390s, Turco-Mongol warlord and the founder of the Timurid dynasty Timur erected a magnificent domed Mazar or tomb over his grave, which remains the most significant architectural monument in the Republic of Kazakhstan. "Documents: Soviet Russia's Anti-Islam-Policy in Turkestan. The, Annette M. B. Meakin, "In Russian Turkestan: a garden of Asia and its people," page 44. Turkistan is served by Hazrat Sultan International Airport. [1] Turkistan's most prominent historical and cultural asset is the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Excerpt: The name Turkestan is of Persian origin and was apparently first used by Persian geographers to describe "the country of the Turks". "Turkestan im XX Jahrhundert. We loved exploring Turkistan and the people were so friendly. Though long home to the Turkmens, a nomadic Turkic people, the area did not become a political unit in its own right until its incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1924. Tajikistan, a landlocked Central Asian country occupies an area of 143,100 sq. … "Some thoughts on the problem of Turkestan" Institute of Turkestan Research, 1984, Baymirza Hayit. [6] Timur took over the western portion of Turkestan in 1369, and the area became part of the Timurid Empire. by W. BARTHOLD. Having independence is the most essential thing for a country and its people to develop and prosper.” Meanwhile, the East Turkistan National Awakening Movement (ETNAM) has also issued a statement noting how Chinese authorities have incarcerated 3 million Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Tatars and other Turkic people in East Turkestan. The main city and bastion of the province was Bauterna (Khuzdar/Quzdar). [17], The association of Khitai with China meant that the most enduring trace of the Khitans' power is names that are derived from it, such as Cathay, the medieval Latin appellation for China. December 14, 2019. The president is planning his misdeeds in the Louvre Abu Dhabi, located in the Saadiyat Island Cultural District. Turkistan (Kazakh: Түркістан Türkistan تٷركئستان), is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river. Справочник статистических показателей, "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Turkestan (Turkistan)", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Description of archaeological investigations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkistan_(city)&oldid=993801111, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Погода и Климат (Weather and Climate). If you have some spare time head into Kyrgyzstan also (Bishkek, Karakol, Jurgalan). Turkistan experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BWk) with short, cold winters and long, dry, very hot summers. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Turkestan, South Kazakhstan Province. Kurdistan Is An Amazing Future Country And Facts About Kurdistan In Urdu / Hindi .کردستان کی تاریخ - Duration: 9:36. It lies in the Syr Darya (ancient Jaxartes River) plain. Amazing country also. Pinterest. On 19 June 2018 Shymkent was taken out of South Kazakhstan Region and subordinated directly to the government of Kazakhstan. [15], Qara Khitai's rule over the Muslim-majority Central Asia has the effect of reinforcing the view among some Muslim writers that Central Asia was linked to China even though the Tang dynasty had lost control of the region a few hundred years ago. ", Baymirza Hayit. Turkestan, city, southern Kazakhstan. "region of Kurds") or Greater Kurdistan is a roughly defined geo-cultural territory in Western Asia wherein the Kurdish people form a prominent majority population and the Kurdish culture, languages, and national identity have historically been based. Upon witnessing the atrocity, One gets triggered intensely and immediately starts to think of ways that he can change the situat… Since its independence in 1991 it has been known for … ", Baymirza Hayit. "Basmatschi: Nationaler Kampf Turkestans in den Jahren 1917 bis 1934.". [19], This article is about an area. Turkestan (also spelled Turkistan, former Hazrat-e Turkestan) is the capital of the Turkistan region of Kazakhstan. Q3 In explaining why their country is an attractive place to invest, the Minister of Commerce from Turgistan has argued that the political problems have been exaggerated and that fewer people have been imprisoned for political reasons than you have been led to believe. Of Persian origin (see -stan), the term "Turkestan" (ترکستان) has never referred to a single nation state. As observed on the physical map of Tajikistan above, almost the entire country (around 93%) is mountainous. Exhibition catalog. The lowest point of the country is located at the Akjagaýa Depression in the Lake Sarykamish area. Turgistan is depicted to be a sovereign country in Central Asia, somewhere near Pakistan. Turkestan, also spelled Turkistan (Persian: ترکستان‎, romanized: Torkestân, lit. Kurdistan, Arabic Kurdistān, Persian Kordestān, broadly defined geographic region traditionally inhabited mainly by Kurd s. It consists of an extensive plateau and mountain area, spread over large parts of what are now eastern Turkey, northern Iraq, and western Iran and smaller parts of northern Syria and Armenia. The Desert Road to Turkestan (Kodansha Globe) by Owen Lattimore. Turkistan Region, previously South Kazakhstan Region, is the southernmost region of Kazakhstan. Before the Russians came in the 19th century, Turkistan lay on the frontier of the settled Perso-Islamic oasis culture of Transoxiana to the south, and the world of the Kazakh steppe to the north. The Turgistan locations were filmed in the United Arab Emirates. These country tags are most commonly used with console commands. This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:48. The city transport in Turkistan consists of buses and taxis. It became a religious centre called Khazret (Hazrat) because of the 12th-century Sufi (Muslim mystic) Ahmed The adherence to Liao Chinese traditions has been suggested as a reason why the Qara Khitai did not convert to Islam. 'Land of the Turks'), is a historical region in Central Asia corresponding to the regions of Transoxiana and Xinjiang.[1][2]. The famous oasis … [2] The city will be served by Hazrat Sultan International Airport. The history of Turkestan dates back to at least the third millennium BC. When Turkistan fell to the Russian Empire it was incorporated into the Syr-Darya Oblast of the Governor-Generalship of Russian Turkistan. 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