Numbers in brackets are paragraph numbers. • "With the help of the Holy Spirit, it is the task of the entire People of God, especially pastors and theologians, to hear, distinguish and interpret the many voices of our age, and to judge them in the light of the divine word." The joys and the hopes and the griefs and the anxieties of the men of this age are identical to that of the followers of Christ. This challenging, confusing reality is faced by many Catholics every day. To believers, this point is settled: considered in itself, this human activity accords with God's will. One of the concerns of Gaudium et Spes was that brotherly dialogue between people cannot be brought to perfection by technical progress, but only by interpersonal relationships. Man's Activity Throughout the World (33-39)IV. The Apostolic Letter “Dignity of Womanhood” Part II. Founding the Vision: Jesus Christ as the Recapitulation of History. Gaudium et Spes (meaning "Joy and Hope"), is the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World and from the Second Vatican Council.The document is an overview of the Catholic Church's teachings about man's relationship to society, especially in reference to economics, poverty, social justice, culture, science & technology, and ecumenism. We are entering "a new stage of history ... a true cultural and social transformation" (4) in which "the human race is passing from a rather static concept of the order of things to a more dynamic, evolutionary one" (5). This article considers one side of this divide via the contributions and objections of Karl Rahner and Joseph Ratzinger, two of the text's most salient critics. GAUDIUM ET SPES PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS, POPE PAUL VI ON DECEMBER 7, 1965. There is no need to quote statements from it because it repeats the traditional Catholic doctrine that everyone knows, except for a new emphasis on the mutual love between the spouses that is openly recognized now as a primary good in marriage alongside procreation. Before man "lies the path to freedom or to slavery" (9). Gaudium et spes (Ecclesiastical Latin: [ˈɡau̯di.um et ˈspes], "Joy and Hope"), the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, was one of the four constitutions resulting from the Second Vatican Council in 1964. • "Believers themselves frequently bear some responsibility for this situation ... to the extent that they neglect their own training in the faith, or teach erroneous doctrine, or are deficient in their religious, moral or social life" (19). It is that, appropriately for the modern world: • "[The Church might] make God the Father and His Incarnate Son present and in a sense visible" (21). Because of the above (cf. So Part I builds up a thread which would seem a rational development, yet involves some of its most controversial statements. 0000011017 00000 n Pope Paul VI (Latin: Paulus PP. • There is "a movement toward more mature and personal exercise of liberty" (6); "new social relationships between men and women" (8); a growing thirst for a "full and free life" (9).• "For the first time in human history all people who have [sibi habent] the benefits of culture are convinced that these benefits ought to be and actually can be extended to everyone. Gaudium et spes [GS], 54.. 2. For there is a real temptation toward the "annihilation" of the dignity of man (41), by "losing sight" of the fact that man has a nature (61). Further, "the Church, living in various circumstances in the course of time, has used the discoveries of different cultures" (58). Gaudium et Spes reminds us of the perennial goal of this effort. For, as we have seen, these people, as well as taking some very dangerous paths, have developed insights from the Christian tradition by effectively synthesising them with new discoveries about nature. THE REDACTION AND RECEPTION OF GAUDIUM ET SPES Tensions within the Majority at Vatican II Joseph A. Komonchak The Catholic University of America This essay was first published as “Le valutazioni sulla Gaudium et spes: Chenu, Dossetti, Ratzinger,” in Volti di fine Concilio: Studi di storia e teologia sulla conclusione del Vaticano II, ed. But it seems likely that Gaudium et Spes will remain the more important charter because of the breadth of support for it at the council itself and during the subsequent reception of the council by the Christian community, and because of the wide range of issues it tackled. In this presentation I explain the concept of marriage as presented in the pastoral constitution Gaudium et Spes. • Chapter IV: "The Church proclaims the rights of man, she acknowledges and highly values the dynamic movements of today by which these rights are promoted everywhere. Part 1 investigates the shifting theological views on human sexuality that preceded Vatican ii and influenced its theological debates. I will return to my series on Vatican II and will have a new blog post on the Conciliar document Dignitatis Humanae by the end of the week. No "New Evangelisation" can afford to ignore it. gaudium et spes: The positive direction that was intended for the doctrine of Gaudium et spes is appropriately captured in the opening prologue statements, which identify the Church with the “joys and sorrows” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195) of the modern world and profess to listen to the “signs of the times” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195). 4 The fundamental impact of technology is that it can change the spatial and temporal dimension of The human person is the “point of contact” between the concerns of the Church and those of … • Chapter I: "Christians are joined with the rest of men in the search for truth, and for the genuine solution" (16). This might even perhaps be rendered: "the Church fosters the fully human formation of the family and history of man.". This mandate concerns the whole of everyday activity as well. Gaudium et Spes, no 62. Gaudium et Spes: The Second Vatican Council’s Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. 0000010971 00000 n Chapter III Man's Activity Throughout The World. 08 Faith IA Thematic Summary of Gaudium et Spes, "The human race is passing from a rather static concept of the order of things to a more dynamic, evolutionary one". Dr Michael Nazir-Ali tells the story of Hagia Sophia and recent tragic events in Turkey. Our research aims at building up reliable academic archives of study pertaining to crucial issues facing the Catholic Church, and make them accessible to all via the Internet. He labored with human hands, thought with a human mind, acted with a human will, and loved with a human heart.” Noot bij de titel . (9).• There is a "growing interdependence ... a world becoming more unified every day ... [a growing awareness of] rights and duties with respect to the whole human race" (26).• Indeed there are "new ways of thinking ... which better promote and express the unity of the human race" (57). The Church's Role in Synthesising Modern Insights With Perennial Doctrine. Gaudium et Spes, from one perspective could be considered an ode of the church to the beauty, the value of human person," he said. The more theoretical analyses of the first two chapters of Part I bring out that: • "Atheism must be accounted among the most serious problems of this age, and is deserving of closer examination" (19). 3 / 4 DIGNITY OF THE WORKER Gaudium et Spes, The Church in the Modern World DOCUMENT OUTLINE (continued) • God speaks to the various cultures (#58). Every day human interdependence grows more tightly drawn and spreads by degrees over the whole world. 1. This is the context for understanding some of document's most humble of expressions, such as: "Christian revelation contributes greatly [subsidium affert magnum] to the promotion of this communion between persons, ... a world becoming more unified every day" (23) and, the Church "contributes toward making the family of man and its history fully human [humaniorem reddendam]" (40). Gaudium et Spes, the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, is exceptional among Vatican II documents, not only for its great length (over 35,000 words), but also for its origin and genre. startxref Reading Gaudium et Spes, Part II December 16, 2020 David Cruz-Uribe Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! 1. Gaudium et Spes, the Pastoral ... Bishop Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, called for the inclusion of issues of poverty, ... as the document was an expression of pastoral concern for the world. x�b```b``]���� ���π �,@Q�SO�m�T�2����,�7�j�U/� [W�� 0000002022 00000 n • There is an already apparent need for "abundant changes in society" (26). Gaudium et Spes continues addressing the “genuinely human” when it declares that the Church is dedicated not just to Catholics but to the whole world. W. J. O’Hara (Montreal: Palm Publishers, 1969), 145.. 3. Gaudium et Spes or the "Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World", was the Second Vatican Council's response to the horrors the world had witnessed up to the early 1960s when it was published.Gaudium is the longest of the four constitutions produced by this Council and one of -- if not the longest -- document overall. At the same time as these seemingly positive developments man appears "burdened down with uneasiness" (4) and "mutual distrust" (8). 3. The Role of the Church in the Modern World (40-45), Part II: Some Problems of Special Urgency (46-93)I. Fostering the Nobility of Marriage and the Family (47-52)II. The translation we have used is from the Vatican website. Categories. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. • "By unremitting study [the faithful] should fit themselves to do their part in establishing dialogue with the world and with men of all shades of opinion" (43). Go back to The Vatican II Revolution 7. In Gaudium et Spes _____ is identified as a point of contract between the concerns of the world and the concerns of the Church. 0000010134 00000 n HUMAN DIGNITY MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY SOCIO-ECONOMIC LIFE POLITICAL COMMUNITY PEACE 3. • "Revealed truth can always be more deeply penetrated, better understood and set forth to greater advantage" (44, all repeated in 58). 0000015255 00000 n • "How is the dynamism and expansion of a new culture to be fostered without losing a living fidelity to the heritage of tradition?" The main point that Gaudium et Spes talks about is on human dignity. Gaudium et spes treats the family at great length in the Second Part (nos. The first words of the document are “the joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the men of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ. While these developments have brought many people to God, others have left faith behind. As a consequence, many people are shaken" (7). 0000005474 00000 n and then specifically of articles 67-72 will follow. 0000002440 00000 n The above is a grand task. • "It is, finally, through the gift of the Holy Spirit that man comes by faith to the contemplation and appreciation of the divine plan" (15), "purified and perfected by the power of Christ's cross and resurrection" (37). The third is the shift from a focus on sexual acts to a focus “on the nature of the human [sexual] person and his acts” (Gaudium et spes, 51). As we have seen (eg in para 16), this is a shared predicament. 0000001372 00000 n 0000006801 00000 n N.B. (56). The first step in this pastoral approach was an extension of the Church’s open hand. 2. Gaudium et spes 1. Schema XIII (eventually Gaudium et Spes) occasioned somewhat of a split within the “progressive majority” at Vatican II. 1. 0000008495 00000 n Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. 9. De pastorale Constitutie over "De Kerk in de wereld van onze tijd" bestaat uit twee gedeelten, die echter één geheel vormen. But it seems likely that Gaudium et Spes will remain the more important charter because of the breadth of support for it at the council itself and during the subsequent reception of the council by the Christian community, and because of the wide range of issues it tackled. Gaudium et Spes ends the way it began: with a heartfelt appeal to the whole world; both within thechurch and beyond. Gaudium et Spes 34 raises an important consideration: Throughout the course of the centuries, (people) have labored to better the circumstances of their lives through a monumental amount of individual and collective effort. For while providing the substance of life for themselves and their families, men and women are performing their activities in a way which appropriately benefits society. These difficulties do not necessarily harm the life of faith, rather they can stimulate the mind to a deeper and more accurate understanding of the faith" (62). It calls for sincere dialogue and admits that this is only the beginning. Given the needs of our time, we should have this active trust: • "To this questioning only God fully and most certainly provides an answer as He summons man to higher knowledge and humbler probing ... led by the Holy Spirit Who renews and purifies her ceaselessly" (21). So the last two chapters of Part I affirm that "Christ's Church, trusting in the design of the Creator, acknowledges that human progress can serve man's true happiness, yet she cannot help echoing the Apostle's warning: 'Be not conformed to this world' (Rom 12:2)" (37). While these developments have brought many people to God, others have left faith behind. trailer 0000005972 00000 n In sum, Gaudium et Spes is not at all as it is portrayed by Catholics of the Left or the Right. 0000000938 00000 n St Peter's Basilica Friday, 18 March 2005 . Gaudium et Spes produced a happy marriage of papal and conciliar teaching. Gaudium et Spes 22. • "The enormous progress of science and technology must be harmonised with a culture nourished by classical studies according to various traditions" (56). Free Will The dignity of the human person can be recognized in: VI; Italian: Paolo VI), born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini (26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978), reigned as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church and Sovereign of Vatican City from 1963 to 1978. The Dignity of the Human Person (12-22)II. We should remember that all these contemporary tasks are the ones termed "normative for the 21st century" by Popes John Paul II and Benedict XVI. � ����s��. Introduction: The Situation of Men in the Modern World (4-10)Part I: The Church and Man's Calling (11-45)I. The McCarrick Report and the De Facto Atheism of the Church. 0000039270 00000 n Thus we can conclude that "there has arisen a new series of problems, a series as numerous as can be, calling for efforts of analysis and synthesis" (5). Group 5: St. Dominic Members: Patricia Ann Feliciano Patricia Nicole Dela Cruz Ovian Bulatao Allen Chester Sanchez 2. Several people have asked me to comment on the recently released McCarrick report and so I thought I would offer the following brief comments. Vatican II document, Gaudium et Spes # 22: “ For by His incarnation the Son of God united Himself in some way with every human being.. Gaudium et Spes Gaudium et Spes, originally referred to simply as "Schema XIII", was the subject of some biting criticisms by the Council Fathers, who castigated the document as being a pile of banalities, too wordy, confusing, overly optimistic, imbibed with the spirit of … "The council was very clear that it … Might it be a certain failure to answer these questions which makes this statement seem a worrying anachronism: "The number constantly swells of the people who raise the most basic questions or recognise them with a new sharpness" (10). Gaudium et Spes. 5, trans. In consequence there has arisen a new series of problems, a series as numerous as can be" (5). FALSE The Second Vatican Council was able to come up with ___ documents 16 "According to _____, the pains, anxieties and concerns of the modern man are the pains, anxieties and concerns of the Church." Gaudium et spes stresses that one of the signs of human dignity is the intellectual power. Father Roger Nesbitt produced an account of the Faith Movement some years ago, published by the Catholic Truth Society as part of a series on the New Movements in the Church. Gaudium et Spes 34 raises an important consideration: Throughout the course of the centuries, (people) have labored to better the circumstances of their lives through a monumental amount of individual and collective effort. Religious Liberty; and the major purpose of Gaudium et Spes is to formulate official teaching about the relation between church and society. (56). 0000030679 00000 n 8. Under the light of Christ, the image of the unseen God, the firstborn of every creature, the council wishes to speak to all men in order to shed light on the mystery of man and to cooperate in finding the solution to the outstanding problems of our time" (10). ... this Council acknowledges all the true, good and just elements inherent in the very wide variety of institutions which the human race has established for itself" (40). Schema XIII (eventually Gaudium et Spes) occasioned somewhat of a split within the “progressive majority” at Vatican II. Gaudium et Spes proposes two principles that are central for the world of our time. This community, the Church, because of this, is truly linked with mankind and its history by the deepest of bonds. 1. 0000012584 00000 n Bullet points are all direct quotes from the text, except for words in square brackets. Gaudium et Spes – Vatican II’s Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. Uncategorized. 0000004451 00000 n This key is "welcoming" Christ as the recapitulation of secular and salvation history, man being "body and soul", in his image. Introduction The nine collections of representative quotations below capture the nine themes mentioned in our editorial. 0000005161 00000 n Acknowledgment of the Sincerity and Insight of Many Non-Catholics. This courtesy of Vatican II towards those outside the Church is the context for understanding the invitatory and generous opening words of the whole constitution, which affirm: "Nothing genuinely human fails to raise an echo in the hearts [of members of the Church], ... [which] community realises that it is truly linked with mankind and its history by the deepest of bonds ... this Council can provide no more eloquent proof of its solidarity with, as well as its respect and love for, the entire human family with which it is bound up than by engaging with it in conversation about these various problems.". We have retranslated a few parts of these, putting some of the relevant Latin in square brackets. GAUDIUM ET SPES _____ was one of the Constitutions of the Second Vatican Council that deals with the church's renewal by focusing on the liturgy. 1. gaudium et spes: The positive direction that was intended for the doctrine of Gaudium et spes is appropriately captured in the opening prologue statements, which identify the Church with the “joys and sorrows” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195) of the modern world and profess to listen to the “signs of the times” (McBrien, 2008, p. 195). This scientific spirit has a new kind of impact on the cultural sphere and on modes of thought.....The destiny of the human community has become all of a piece, the human race is passing from a rather static concept of the order of things to a more dynamic, evolutionary one. Gaudium et spes famously describes this responsibility when it teaches that the Church “serves as a leaven and as a kind of soul for human society as it is to be renewed in … 0000009315 00000 n The Proper Development of Culture (53-62)III. Calling for a new sense of service by the Church in a rapidly changing world, the Council presents the ethical framework of the Church’s commitment to pastoral work in the world. Gaudium et Spes, which was designed to address many issues of ethics and social justice. The Vatican website's translation may not be the most conservative interpretation of the text. <<9780c95ce7320940b96005b6017d87a6>]>> • Chapter IV: "God's Word, by whom all things were made, was Himself made flesh so that as perfect man He might save all men and sum up all things in Himself. ... God, Who has fatherly concern for everyone, has willed that all men should constitute one family and treat one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Gaudium et Spes have an application not only for other Christians but also society as a whole. life issues.net: clear thinking about crucial issues. (44) ... "deciphering authentic signs of God's presence and purpose" (11). 0000002607 00000 n 23. This section only treats marriage and family life. In Part 1 of this article, published in our previous issue, Fr Holloway analysed and admired Pope St. John Paul’s landmark document on women Mulieris Dignitatem but identified the need for a fully developed theology of the sexes which he now presents. 0000007690 00000 n Preface (1-3) Addressed to all people expressing the Church’s desire to dialogue with the whole human family by using the common language of “personhood”. For acts of war involving these weapons can inflict massive and indiscriminate destruction, thus going far beyond the bounds of legitimate defense. • "It remains each man's duty to retain an understanding of the whole human person ... a profound inquiry into the meaning of culture and science for the human person" (61). So it is that "growing numbers of people are abandoning religion in practice; on every side they influence literature, the arts, the interpretation of the humanities and of history and civil laws themselves. GAUDIUM ET SPES PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS, POPE PAUL VI ON DECEMBER 7, 1965 . Yet "When God is forgotten the creature itself grows unintelligible" (36). 2. Thus, in addition to the shared tasks of humanity outlined in the above section, we have these increasingly specialised, ecclesial tasks: • "[Achieving] the witness of a living and mature faith, namely, one trained to see difficulties clearly and to master them ... [atheistic] questions ought to be examined seriously and more profoundly" (21). • Chapter II: "As the firstborn of many brethren and by the giving of His Spirit, He founded after His death and resurrection a new brotherly community composed of all those who receive Him in faith and in love" (32). Lest this repeated and urgent call of the Ecumenical Council appear controversial the Council reminds us that: "From the beginning of [the Church's] history she has learned to express the message of Christ with the help of the ideas and terminology of various philosophers, and has tried to clarify it with their wisdom, too" (44). Gaudium et Spes 26, and I’ll warn you if you’re not ready, the Church includes a “bill of rights and duties.”. In later, more practical parts of the document some key questions are articulated: • "How can we quickly and progressively harmonise the proliferation of particular branches of study with the necessity of forming a synthesis of them, and of preserving among men the faculties of contemplation and observation which lead to wisdom?" Human dignity comes from the ffact that we are the beloved of God; we are created in God’s image. As I have mentioned… For (people), created to God's image,… 1458 31 Gaudium et Spes summarises this new situation in para 41: "Modern man is on the road to a more thorough development of his own personality, and to a growing discovery and vindication of his own rights ... the birth of a new humanism, one in which man is defined first of all by this responsibility to his brothers and to history.". This is the way Part II is organized: Chapter 1 is on the Family, Chapter 2 is on Culture, Chapter 3 is on Economics, and Chapter 4 is on Political structures. Let them blend new sciences and theories and the understanding of the most recent discoveries with Christian morality and the teaching of Christian doctrine, so that their religious culture and morality may keep pace with scientific knowledge and with the constantly progressing technology....Thus they will be able to interpret and evaluate all things in a truly Christian spirit, ... and priests will be able to present to our contemporaries the doctrine of the Church concerning God, man and the world, in a manner more adapted to them so that they may receive it more willingly.". These duties, which might simply be termed "seeking a proper presentation of the Church's teaching" (21), are synthesised in paragraph 62: "May the faithful, therefore, live in very close union with the other men of their time and may they strive to understand perfectly their way of thinking and judging, as expressed in their culture. © Faith Movement 2020. It was the last and longest published document from the council and is the first constitution published by an ecumenical council to address the entire world. Especially in theme 4 on the facing page, which contains we believe those sentences that have caused most concern among those of a conservative mindset, we have slightly retranslated a few phrases, usually making reference to the relevant Latin words. Summary of Gaudium et Spes 1. 40th ANNIVERSARY OF GAUDIUM ET SPES. Word Count: 399. Hugh MacKenzie FAITH Magazine November – December 2012, The Editor illustrates the nine themes presented in the editorial with quotations taken mainly from the first part of Vatican II's Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. 0000003368 00000 n Fifty years on the needs below would seem unmet: • "Our era needs wisdom more than bygone ages if the discoveries made by man are to be further humanised" (15). Gaudium et Spes 80 addresses the concerns of the 60's: The horror and perversity of war is immensely magnified by the addition of scientific weapons. Themes in Gaudium et Spes include social connections, improving the world, and living in Christ. Gaudium et Spes noted that economic, scientific and political changes are happening so quickly that it is difficult to keep up with their effects on society. Chapter II The Community of Mankind. 0000005199 00000 n When “Gaudium et Spes” was promulgated, Cardinal Tagle said, many Catholics wondered why the church wanted to engage the world and whether the church had any business being concerned with political and economic issues and peacemaking. 4. Such "accommodated preaching of the revealed word ought to remain the law of all evangelisation" (44). GAUDIUM ET SPES AND THE ECOLOGICAL AWARENESS OF OUR TIME Moris Polanco Universidad Francisco Marroquín mp@ufm.edu.gt Gaudium et Spes sees man as the “master of all earthly creatures,” and, accordingly, considers that “all things on earth should be related to man as their Gaudium et Spes. In its introduction Gaudium et Spes makes this foundational statement: "Today's spiritual agitation and the changing conditions of life are part of a broader and deeper revolution. The Lord is the goal of human history, the focal point of the longings of history and of civilisation, the centre of the human race, the joy of every heart and the answer to all its yearnings" (45). 4 The fundamental impact of technology is that it can change the spatial and temporal dimension of The joys and the hopes, the griefs and the anxieties of the men of this age, especially those who are poor or in any way afflicted, these are the joys and hopes, the griefs and anxieties of the followers of Christ. It was the last and longest published document from the council and is the first constitution published by an ecumenical council to address the entire world. %PDF-1.4 %���� I. GAUDIUM ET SPES Gaudium et Spes was promulgated by the Second Vatican Council on December 7, 1965.i It is a restatement of the Church’s social doctrine in light of the contemporary world situation. • Chapter III: Christ "entered the world's history as a perfect man, taking that history up into Himself and summarising it"; this is shortly followed by a point fairly crucial for understanding the human predicament today, namely that "the effort to establish a universal brotherhood is not a hopeless one" (38). Gaudium et Spescontinues addre… For (people), created to God's image,… The general review of the Constitution will place its economic teachings within the Church’s framework for . Part I of the constitution, "The Church and Man's Calling", from which most of the quotations below are taken, focuses upon the nature of man who today "has won superlative victories, especially in his probing of the material world and in subjecting it to himself" (15). Intellectual formation is ever increasingly based on the mathematical and natural sciences and on those dealing with man himself, while in the practical order the technology which stems from these sciences takes on mounting importance. and then specifically of articles 67-72 will follow. Mission Statement. The Community of Mankind (23-32)III. The joys and the hopes and the griefs and the anxieties of the men of this age are identical to that of the followers of Christ. • Church, in ways that respect its own tradition, should use modes of culture to spread the Gospel (#58). • "Theologians ... are invited to seek continually for more suitable ways of communicating doctrine to the men of their times; for the deposit of Faith or the truths are one thing and the manner in which they are enunciated, in the same meaning and understanding, is another" (62). This mandate concerns the whole of everyday activity as well. After Gaudium et Spes we no longer have marriage manuals that speak of marital dues and rights and address the sacrament of marriage in the idioms of … Implications for theology a new series of problems, a series as numerous as can be '' ( ). Words in square brackets we are created in God ’ s framework for the relation between Church society... 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