Zheng LY, Guo XS, He B, Sun LJ, Peng Y, Dong SS, Liu TF, Jiang S, Ramachandran S, Liu CM, Jing HC. This sweet sorghum cane grows up to 12' tall with seed heads that turn amber red when mature. (A) Cross sections of the middle internodes of…, Geographical Distribution and Genetic Analysis…, Geographical Distribution and Genetic Analysis of 241 Sorghum Lines. See this image and copyright information in PMC, Sweet and Juicy: Identification and Origins of the. The open reading f … All rights reserved. Transcriptional switch for programmed cell death in pith parenchyma of sorghum stems. Sweet sorghum is grown as a syrup or molasses. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. eCollection 2020. The Dry gene is conserved in major cereals; fine-tuning its regulatory network could provide a molecular tool to control crop stem texture. Here, we found that Dry gene encodes a plant-specific NAC … UNL web framework and quality assurance provided by the, Apply to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Give to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, "Sweet Harvest" article, originally appeared in Ethanol Producer Magazine July 2008 (PDF), "Drought Kindles US Farmers' Appetite for African Grain Sorghum", Prospective Students – University Admissions. The Dry locus, which controls the pithy/juicy stem trait, was discovered over a century ago. (A) Analysis of variant…, Collinearity of the Dry Locus in Cereals. 2020 Jan 31;21(1):112. doi: 10.1186/s12864-020-6538-8. Domesticated sorghum comes in many forms, including sweet cultivars with juicy stems and grain sorghum with dry, pithy stems at maturity. To develop management practices that achieve high water and nitrogen use efficiency while maintaining high sugar yields in sweet sorghum. We have moved two bmr genes to sweet sorghum line and hybrids. It’s one of the top five cereal crops in the world and can be grown as a grain, forage or sweet crop. Sweet As is great for grazing and also makes excellent silage. BMC Genomics. eCollection 2019. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Vavra Sorghum Farm was created to carry on the Vavra Family tradition of sweet sorghum syrup making. Sorghum. Sweet sorghum is a perennial crop in areas that don't have a winter freeze. Dillon SL, Shapter FM, Henry RJ, Cordeiro G, Izquierdo L, Lee LS. Sweet sorghum is a C 4 crop that shows high salt tolerance and high yield. We are also selecting for non-flowering high sugar types in order to extend the growing season and total biomass. 2020 Nov 5;10(11):3991-4000. doi: 10.1534/g3.120.401608. It is easy to grow, and is resistant to pests and weed. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. The Sorghum Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas. In the Corn Belt, sweet sorghum grows 10 to 15 feet tall during a growing season. We seek to enhance sweet sorghum performance on marginal lands, and to identify a strategy for improving its ethanol processing potential, two key components for developing this system for production in Midwest region. Sweet sorghum is a perennial crop in areas that don't have a winter freeze. The Dry locus, which controls the pithy/juicy stem trait, was discovered over a century ago. Sorghum, also called milo, is truly a versatile crop. Another agenda was to discuss the putting up a processing plant for ethanol production in partnership with the San Carlos Bioenergy Inc. (SCBI). In this case, the stalks of the plant are harvested, rather than the seeds, and crushed like sugar cane or beets to produce a syrup. It also is cultivated as an annual in the Midwestern United States. The plant density of sweet sorghum was 61500-78000 plants per hectare and that of grain sorghum was 93750-119445 plants per hectare. Two of the haplotypes were detected in domesticated landraces, with four additional dry haplotypes with juicy stems detected in improved lines. The Dry locus, which controls the pithy/juicy stem trait, was discovered over a century ago. Perform life-cycle analysis of sweet sorghum and triticale-ethanol systems for net energy yield, efficiency, and potential to mitigate greenhouse gasses as compared to other biofuels, such as corn grain-ethanol and petroleum-derived gasoline. Sweet Sorghum Sweet sorghum is grown similarly to grain sorghum with the main differences being that it grows 7-10 feet tall and is harvested mostly for syrup. In this study, we isolated SbNADP-ME from sweet sorghum. Genetic Analysis of Stem Diameter and Water Contents To Improve Sorghum Bioenergy Efficiency. The hemi-cellulose and cellulose are enclosed by lignin (which contains no sugars), making them difficult to convert into ethanol, thereby increasing the energy requirement for processing. Drought tolerant. The sweet sorghum plant, a variety of sorghum grass, is native to Africa. Growing Sorghum. Beside the non-flowering type, we are developing sterile F1 hybrids. The objective was to identify the correct dose of boron to improve yield in sweet Sorghum which is a semi-arid crop. Final stand for SC Smile SC Sila and Macia should be 200 000 and 250 000 plants/ha, respectively. The crop needn't be grown on a farmer's best land, allowing the farmer to make use of poorer ground. If the crop receives more moisture, it will respond positively. Characterization of Pithy/Juicy Sorghum Stems.…, Characterization of Pithy/Juicy Sorghum Stems. Sweet As is a sweet sorghum x sweet sorghum variety that has high yield and sugar levels. My great-grandfather started this tradition over 80 years ago... followed by my grandparents and then my father, Jerome Vavra, in 1967, ( the year I was born). Sweet As is a sweet sorghum variety that has high yield and sugar levels. Planting Time: From end of November through to end of December in Zimbabwe. Or, if feed were short, the grower could hay or graze the second cutting. Sweet sorghum is comparable to grain sorghum in the fact that it can grow in the same droughty, more harsh climates while yielding well. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. It is a multi-purpose crop which can be cultivated for simultaneous production of grain from its earhead as food and feed ingredients, sugary juice from its stalk for … Bihmidine S, Baker RF, Hoffner C, Braun DM. Plant Signal Behav. The ideal seeding rate for most sweet sorghum varieties is 3-4 seeds/linear ft of row with a final stand of 2-3 plants/linear ft of row. Ten gallons of sorghum juice will make approximately 1 gallon of syrup. Therefore, the use of bmr cultivars would reduce the cost of biomass-based ethanol production and these lines will be incorporated into our experimental approach. Sweet sorghum is a resilient crop. Thrives in the heat. Domestication to crop improvement: genetic resources for Sorghum and Saccharum (Andropogoneae). The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes.  |  A meeting/workshop was set to discuss the planting schedule of sweet sorghum in Negros in collaboration with LGU and local farmers. Stover contains lignin, hemi-cellulose, and cellulose. BMC Plant Biol. Bihmidine S, Julius BT, Dweikat I, Braun DM. Sorghum is less preferred by groundhogs and deer than other crops like corn, soybeans, sunflowers or canola. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1807501115. Six weeks after planting, drench sorghum with a high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer to invigorate new growth. Conduct chemical and fermentation analysis of a) sweet sorghum sap for maximum conversion to ethanol and b) sorghum stover for cellulosic ethanol production.  |  Isaac Hedges called it the “Northern Sugar Plant” because of the high sugar content in the stalks. HHS Current estimates suggest that intensive plant breeding and cultivation research could, over time, increase the sugar content of sorghum juice to a level needed to produce 1000 gallons of ethanol per acre. Growing sorghum is as simple as growing corn, and you can choose between growing grain sorghum (milo), sorghum varieties known as broom corn, or sweet sorghum for making into sorghum … The United States is the world’s largest producer of sorghum. © 2018 American Society of Plant Biologists. NIH From July to late October, sweet sorghum harvest is critically timed around sugar concentration in the juice of … Many grain sorghum varieties grow to only 5 feet tall, but sweet sorghum and broom corn plants can top 8 feet. Sweet sorghum's energy-savings and value emerge in several ways: Ethanol is currently processed from sweet sorghum in Texas, Oklahoma, and Iowa, as well as India and other parts of the world. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. Sweet As is great for grazing and also makes excellent silage. These residues can also be used for animal feed, paper, or fuel pellets. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. The data was collected after the full growth of plant. Sucrose accumulation in sweet sorghum stems occurs by apoplasmic phloem unloading and does not involve differential Sucrose transporter expression.  |  The grower could then make the first cutting for juice in early July, when the crop starts to flower. Sweet sorghum was first introduced into the United States in 1852. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. (A) and (D) RT-qPCR analysis of the…, Cellular and Molecular Characterization of…, Cellular and Molecular Characterization of the Dry Gene and DRY Protein. -Advertisement- Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is similar to grain sorghum with sugar-rich stalks.Being a water-use efficient crop, sweet sorghum has the potential to be a good alternative feedstock for ethanol production. Sweet sorghum stover also serves as an excellent feedstock for ethanol production. Epub 2007 Sep 1. Sorghum is the world’s fifth-largest crop after wheat, rice, maize and barley 1 and is also known as the Camel of crops because it can grow in arid and semi-arid soils. (A) Subcellular…, Observation of Cell Morphology and Measurements of Cell Wall Composition in Ji2731, E-tian,…, The Dry Gene Regulates Cell Wall Biosynthesis. Genome-wide patterns of genetic variation in sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Ethanol plants in the State could choose, with some additional equipment, to make seasonal runs of sweet sorghum juice. Sweet sorghum stalks contain up to 75% juice, varying between 12 and 23% in sugar. Dong M, Li Q, Xu F, Wang S, Chen J, Li W. Sci Rep. 2020 Jan 21;10(1):837. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-57628-0. Although sweet sorghum is primarily grown to produce sorghum syrup, it can also be used as a feedstock for biofuel. The simplicity of ethanol production from sweet sorghum could lend itself to on-farm or small-cooperative efforts at fuel-making. It requires only 40-60 lbs of nitrogen per acre. A second cutting could be made in October, shortly before frost, yielding enough juice for an additional 100 to 200 gallons of ethanol. To maximize juice and ethanol production in the Corn Belt, growers need to plant the crop early to mid-April. The crop only needs 12-15 inches of rain during the growing season to make a crop. Plant breeding efforts continue to improve the cold tolerance of sorghum for growth in the Midwest. It is more d… Sorghum juice-derived ethanol is cheaper to produce than corn ethanol because it doesn't require the cooking and enzymes that corn requires for conversion of starch to sugar to fuel grade alcohol. Some parts of this site work best with JavaScript enabled. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is the fifth most popular crop worldwide and a C4 model plant. Observation of Cell Morphology and Measurements of Cell Wall Composition in Ji2731, E-tian, Keller, and Representative Transgenic Lines. Sugars and packaged for sale of stem Diameter and Water Contents to improve the tolerance! Found among wild sorghum relatives and nitrogen use Efficiency while maintaining high sugar content the. Bicolor ) is a semi-arid crop 10 kg for large seed Izquierdo L, LS. Production from sweet sorghum and Saccharum ( Andropogoneae ) hand and fed through a to! Should be 200 000 and 250 000 plants/ha, respectively: 10.1534/g3.120.401608 for sale growing season total... 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