– New York is a city containing many skycrapers. Before ___, I brushed my teeth. For this sentences, don't cut the commas or the articles like a and an or the. They are like relative clauses, but with the relative pronoun and auxiliary verb (if there is one) left out. ), The dog Mary petting has brown fur. Click on DONORS above for a list of donors. Homework. Here are detailed descriptions and instructions on how to reduce each type of adverb clause that has the same subject as the independent clause. 9. There are 7 kinds of reduced adjective clauses, as shown in the chart below. 4. 8. → He advised me to review the lessons. He worked hard. Let’s take a look at one of these sentences: Clause-to-phrase reduction is a process that consists of several steps. (‘That’ is subject of the adjective clause ‘that consists of 26 letters’.) What we concluded is that you can omit the pronoun when it acts as an object, as in the sentence below: The dog (that) Mary is petting has brown fur. ‘Was’ is a form of the verb ‘be’. ), If there is no ‘be’ form of the verb, omit the subject and change the verb to the ‘ing’ form. It does not contain a subject and a verb." Agree, decide, promise, pretend, hope, expect, remind and require are all examples of verbs that can be followed by noun clauses. Adjective clauses that do not contain a form of the verb ‘be’ may sometimes omit the subject pronoun and change the verb to its ‘ing’ form. Solo Practice. Examples: 1.Full: They admit that they have problems at school. Phrase is a group of related words that does not contain a subject and a verb. Now you know what an adverb clause is. We’ll be looking in particular at clauses that modify nouns. (The subordinate noun clause may be reduced to a phrase by eliminating the subordinating conjunction ‘that they’. Great question! 1. ), Reduction: The boy riding his bicycle is Michael. It's simple to know which one to use: if the reduced clause is made from an active verb, start the adjective clause with the present participle, but if it's made from a passive verb, begin the adjective clause with a past participle. UCI, a university in Orange County, is known for its biology and engineering programs. In order to write concise sentences, use only the words necessary to achieve meaning and coherence. Practice. / Before coming to class, I stopped in a. café for a cup of coffee. Now, you might be asking: What do I do if the relative clause doesn’t contain the verb “to be”? I couldn't learn to speak fluent English for 5 years - read about what I was doing to learn to speak fluently HERE - are YOU in the same situation? 5 There are some steps to do to reduce an adjective clause to become an adjective phrase: 1. Show all questions <= => The people who were hired last month had to take a training course this month. Reducing Adverb Clauses to Modifying Adverbial Phrases. 1) ___ so dry during the summer, it is forbidden to light camp fires. It's simple to know which one to use: if the reduced clause is made from an active verb, start the adjective clause with the present participle, but if it's made from a passive verb, begin the adjective clause with a past participle. The car on sale in Germany costs $20,000. If there is "to be + adjective" in adverbial clause, then we can use (being) + adjective Because Since she is suitable for the vacant post, she is lucky. Informal Language What you need to know! • (g) No change possible: While the teacher was lecturing to the class, / fell asleep. Consider the rules and examples below. 3. Advanced English: Formal vs. As Being suitable for the vacant post, she is lucky. Imprints natural English speech patterns in your mind - revolutionary speech exercising technology! . Those who wish to travel with us must be ready to leave on short notice. a. left my house b. I leaving my house c. leaving my house d. my house leaving. Making Reduced Adjective Clauses Rewrite each sentence using a reduced adjective clause. ‘Consisting of 26 letters’ is an adjective phrase modifying ‘English’. You can’t reduce this clause to a phrase without changing its meaning. Assess your situation and decide what will work for your classes. As stated in the introduction to this article, we’ve previously concluded that you cannot omit relative pronouns when those pronouns are subjects; pronouns can be omitted only when they are objects. 76% average accuracy. The "which clause" can often be shortened to a simple adjective. Now, you might be asking — hey, can you really do that? Played 24 times. I have a sentence. (Azar "Reducing Adjective Clauses to Adjective Phrases" 13-11) "A participle is often used intead of a relative pronoun and full verb." Only adverb clauses having the same subject as the main clause can be reduced to phrases. Therefore, this clause can be reduced. Let’s see what exactly those circumstances are. But you cannot omit the pronoun when it acts as a subject, as in this sentence: The dog that is eating a biscuit has brown fur. Adverbial Clause of Time Reduction: Vacationing in Hawaii, I met an old friend. Motive – Jerry – Social Studies teacher, 10d. I talked to the people who will do the exam next week. The woman riding the subway is late for work. Here the clause ‘who just walked in’ is an example of a relative clause. While he was walking on the beach, Alex found many interesting shells. If you’re interested in improving your English fluency too, please check out the English Harmony System which is a product I created to help all my fellow foreigners to better their spoken English and achieve so much more in professional, social and personal life. I’m Robby, and I’m a non-native English speaker. Adjective clauses contain relative pronouns like who, which, or that. Because he worked hard, he passed the test. Adjective clauses that have ‘who’, ‘which’, or ‘that’ as subjects can be reduced to phrases by omitting the subject pronouns and the ‘be’ form of the auxiliary verb. for lunch. On/upon graduating from university, she applied for a job. Can take a noun clause that has been reduced to a gerund phrase b. While we were hiking in the wilderness, we encountered a mountain lion. 3. As he was returning from the beach Alex met an old friend. 13. Kevin went to the movies after he had finished his assignment. Reduction: They admit having problems at home. Print ; Share; Edit; Delete; Host a game. Everyone knows that winters are extremely cold at the North and South Poles. Language Trainers offers several free educational resources, such as English-language listening tests. if the relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause, then the clause can be reduced to a present participle (verb + ing) phase or past participle (verb + ed) phrase. Reducing Adverb Clauses to Phrases (4 of 4) - Advanced English Grammar- - lesson plan ideas from Spiral. phrase has an ommitted "since" in the beginning. Clause To Phrase!? The cat that is drinking water must be very thirsty. Click here to study the vocabulary from the story in this lesson. Reducing Adverb Clauses to Phrases (1 of 4) – Advanced English Grammar. Adverb clause of reason or purpose[ because, as, since and so] 3. Reduced relative clauses are participle clauses which follow a noun. Reduced Relative Clauses When Instead of when + clause, we can use on/upon + V ing When Sandra graduated from university, she applied for a job. It modifies the noun boy. Reducing Clauses To Phrases? John is my friend who is a realtor. Part I – How to reduce adjective clauses to adjective phrases Adjective phrases and adjective clauses serve to modify nouns and pronouns by identifying or giving additional information about them. Before starting the quiz review the key differences between phrases and clauses. • A modifying adverbial phrase that is the reduction of an adverb clause modifies the subject of the main clause. Type the best answer in the blank. Let's take a look at what happens after reduction. by Tom Rohrbach. Part I – How to reduce adjective clauses to adjective phrases Adjective phrases and adjective clauses serve to modify nouns and pronouns by identifying or giving additional information about them. 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