Applying Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane. If you tend to be sensitive to strong fumes, wear a respirator when working with Varathane. If you find that the Varathane isn’t yet dry, wait about an hour or two before testing it again with 220-grit paper. Some tables may already have a finish. Step 2: Use the 5″ to 3″ brush to apply polyurethane to wood flooring edges, and use the roller or pad to apply … wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Work with the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain. Don't forget to pick out a high-quaity, natural bristle brush. If the stain begins to dry before you wipe it off, you're tackling too much area; this is more likely to happen using water-based stain. Both water-based and oil-based products give off strong fumes as they dry (although oil-based is decidedly worse), so proper ventilation is a must. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Wipe off any excess stain. Easy to understand for my first project. Click to see full answer. With a solid wood top like this one, finish both the top and the bottom surfaces, even if the bottom won’t show. Be careful not to scratch the wood while doing this. Regardless of the type you use, if your project will see a lot of wear and tear, few finishes are as appropriate as polyurethane for the protective topcoats. Warning: Skip this step and the top can twist, cup or warp. After your final coat, you may choose to rub out the finish with #0000 steel wool to a consistent sheen level, followed by an application of paste wax for a nice luster. Oil-based polyurethane products are available as well, but not as commonly sold on shelves. Both wipe-on and spray formulas are a good solution for tricky applications, like fine details or vertical surfaces. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. Clean the wood very thoroughly to remove sanding dust before each new coat of polyurethane, using a vacuum (if available) and a tack cloth. Brush on the polyurethane so the brush strokes are parallel to the grain of the wood. Oil-based polyurethane typically adds a warm amber glow to wood, particularly to lighter wood species, such as white oak, maple, or birch. Repeat these steps until the desired level of protection is achieved. The Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane was going to give us the protective finish a side table requires. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane adds rich color and a smooth protective finish. Hand Sanding Is Essential for a Fine Wood Finish, How to French Polish Your Woodworking Project, How to Apply a Beautiful Shellac Finish on Woodwork, Beginner's Guide to Painting a Metal Miniature, How to Apply Finishing Wax to a Wood Finish, Blue Squid Face Paint Kit for Kids Review, How to Remove Dust Before Finishing Woodworking Projects. By using The Spruce Crafts, you accept our. Which Is Better—Oil-Based or Water-Based Polyurethane? Apply the Varathane in a strip along one part of the wood. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane is a water-based acrylic oil-modified urethane designed to stain and protect wood surfaces in one easy application. The light application reduces drips and buildup. This is a perfect way to showcase your table’s woodwork, and you can do it on your own. Lightly sand between coats with #320 grit sandpaper. Spray poly goes on just like spray paint. By combining a stain with polyurethane, the need for multiple product application is eliminated. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Leave plenty of space between the Varathane and the heater to prevent fires. Shaking a can of polyurethane will introduce numerous bubbles into the product that will show up in your final finish. Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Removal of all excess material is essential to ensure proper dry time and proper adhesion to the wood. It's best to apply polyurethane to flat (as in level) surfaces so the finish can self-level and is less likely to drip. Water-based polyurethane versions dry much more quickly, are a bit more self-leveling, and have less odor when applying than oil-based versions. Polyurethanes are commonly available in both oil-based and water-based formulas, and there are minor differences between the two in both performance and application. Test Varathane Diamond Wood Finish in an inconspicuous area before beginning. For protection, two coats are the minimum, but floors and anything else that will see hard wear or occasional moisture should get at least three coats. Finish Both Sides at Once. Apply oil-based poly using a fine-bristled brush (natural or synthetic bristles) or a foam brush. Just don't finish your work outdoors, where you can't control dust, bugs, and other flying finish-ruiners. Crouch down so you see the light reflecting off of the surface. Lightly sand between coats with #320 grit sandpaper. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Work with the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain. By using our site, you agree to our. % of people told us that this article helped them. Wipe-on poly is applied with a clean, lint-free rag. "Simple instructions. Minwax® PolyShades® enhances wood grain by combining beautiful rich stain color and long-lasting polyurethane protection in one easy step. Why? If you have to work in a smaller room, make sure you open some windows. When you reach one end, start again at the beginning. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Available in gloss, semi-gloss and matte finishes, Varathane's self-leveling formula makes it easy to apply, eliminates brush strokes and lasts for years. 1. Chris is a freelance writer who specializes in woodworking, designs his own projects, and is experienced in commercial carpentry. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. You may choose to thin oil-based polyurethanes with mineral spirits or naphtha, but for most applications, this is not necessary; check the manufacturer's recommendations on the product label. Note: Paper with a … UNFINISHED SURFACE PREPARATION. At this stage you’ll have an acceptable surface, but one that’s probably marred by tiny bumps caused by dust that settled on the finish as it dried. This highlights imperfections, such as bumps, bubbles, ugly brush marks, and spots that you simply missed or where the finish is too light. Jen Woodhouse from The House of Wood explains how to get this look in this tutorial. Apply using a good quality, natural bristle brush or applicator, brush in the direction of the grain until a uniform film has been achieved. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Sand your wood with at least 220-grit sandpaper. This is why leveling is the pre-buffing step required next. To prevent bubbles in the finish, do not over-brush, shake, or apply with a roller. The primary advantage of wipe-on and spray polyurethanes is thinness. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Hand Rub With Wipe-On Varnish or Oil If you want to transform the sheen from high gloss to satin or matte, then using a hardening oil such as tung oil is a good way to do it. For the smoothest finish, start sanding with 100-grit sandpaper, then repeat this with 150-grit, and finish sanding with 220-grit paper. Both can be applied in ultra-thin coats that result in less buildup in nooks and crannies, provided you don't apply too much. Sand the Surface. Varathane One-Step Stain & Poly Spray is formulated to stain protect wood with polyurethane in one easy step. Fumes may persist for some time after the final coat dries. Test the coat for dryness. You can apply a single coat for a lighter shade or build it up with more coats. Varathane wood stain features high-quality and advanced pigments that bring out natural, rich color. Avoid inexpensive bristle brushes, as these tend to leave obvious brush strokes. Each coat also makes the finish a bit smoother. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 23,182 times. The primary drawback of these thinner formulas is that you likely will need more coats for a good, protective layer—perhaps five or six coats instead of two or three with conventional brush-on poly. Follow manufacturer’s direction for application of stain or paint. We let the wood stain dry for 1 hour before grabbing the water based top coat. Oil-based Varathane will take 24 hours to dry; water-based ones only take 4 to 6 hours. Apply an even coat of stain to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges for full coverage. A deep, rich wood stain color plus a white paint over the top will look weathered after distressing. than 85%. If applying in this manner, you may not have to sand between coats as you do with oil-based poly; check the manufacturer's recommendations. Sand your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper. It came out great, thanks!". Applying polyurethane to new stairs can be tricky if you have to use the stairs while the finish is drying, but you can get around this by coating only every other step at one time. Bristle brushes are better for molded edges and fine details. For best results, use Varathane Premium Wood Stains. By applying it to a table, you’ll create a clear finish that will protect and preserve the wood. Bruce has the solution: Minwax® PolyShades®. This innovative, oil-based formula provides deep, rich color and Varathane’s® renowned polyurethane finish—both in one easy step. Thinning can help the finish flow into fine details and nooks and crannies with less buildup. Research source X You’ll need to prep the wood by sanding and cleaning it before you can apply the Varathane. The Spruce Crafts uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Apply One Step Stain & Polyurethane using a high quality synthetic bristle brush in the direction of the grain until a uniform film has been achieved. You can also use a rag moistened with mineral spirits (for an oil-based poly) or cheesecloth moistened with denatured alcohol (for a water-based poly). It can also be used over polyurethane finishes, so you can change the color of your finished wood, without removing the existing finish. Water-based formulas generally are more neutral or clear. Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. [1] Allow to penetrate for 5- 10 minutes; then remove excess by wiping with a rag in the direction of the grain. ... Varathane 1 qt. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. First of all, stir—never shake—a can of polyurethane. Take wikiHow’s Wine Course and drink wine like an expert. Immediately wipe it off with a dry cloth. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. As you're finishing each fresh coat during application, check your work with a bright side-light. Use care when applying over white or pastel paints or stains as discoloration may occur. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. Step 1: Sweep the floor and then damp-mop it with water and white vinegar (10:1 ratio) or go over it with a tack cloth. Some woodworkers like to use spray poly for a thin topcoat over base coats of conventional polyurethane, producing a final smooth coat without brush strokes. All varnishes commonly available today are based on a plastic resin--Varathane's use of the term liquid plastic is just marketing language. Rust-Oleum Varathane One-Step Stain & Polyurethane allows you to apply both a stain and a polyurethane in one easy step. Water-bases may need up to a dozen coats. The basic application technique for water-based poly is similar to that for oil-based. If the toxic fumes produced by Varathane build up, they can be deadly. Water-Based Wood Finish. Water-based polyurethanes don't match well with oil-based stains, so if you're applying over stain you'll want to "rough up" the stained surface slightly before applying your water-based polyurethane, using some synthetic steel wool. Make certain surface is thoroughly dry before applying Varathane Premium Polyurethane. To save drying time, coat the bottom and then immediately flip it over to finish the top. By lightly sanding each coat of Varathane, you’ll also remove any particles that got stuck in it while drying. Plan on at least three coats of water-based poly on lightly used projects and at least four coats on floors and any pieces that need maximum protection. [3] X Research source Sand the surface of your table thoroughly so it is smooth and uniform. Start at one end of the wood and follow the grain toward the opposite end. Learning how to apply polyurethane to stained wood can enhance the appearance of the stain while protecting the … Varathane One-Step Stain & Polyurethane contains premium pigments which provide deep, rich color and the high quality Varathane polyurethane, which provides a smooth, even protective finish. Additional coats can be applied allowing one hour dry time between coats. Since oil and water don't mix, this will help prevent the polyurethane from beading on the surface, like water on a freshly waxed car. As with all wood finishes, good results depend on smooth, clean wood surfaces, but this goes double with clear finishes such as polyurethane. To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. Color is another differentiator. In these cases, sand away all finish before applying Varathane. Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. The stain will probably get mixed up with the poly. This innovative, water-based formula provides deep, rich color and Varathane ® ’s renowned polyurethane finish—both in one easy step. Foam brushes are inexpensive (and disposable) and work well for most flat surfaces. The product has a semi-transparent and low VOC formula that can work with a lint-free cloth. The few remaining bubbles will typically disappear within moments. Work in manageable areas. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Minimize this problem by applying thinner coats or by switching from standard brush-on poly to a wipe-on or spray finish, both of which can be applied in very thin coats. Last Updated: October 15, 2019 Polyurethane is widely revered as one of the most durable yet easy-to-apply protective wood finishes. Oil-based polyurethanes are somewhat easier to apply and can be less temperamental than water-based formulas. Polyurethane Finish Tip#2: Level the Surface of the Polyurethane. On the downside, water-based poly tends to raise the grain of the wood, is susceptible to watermarks, and can be temperamental when applied over some wood stains. Use a space heater to dry Varathane when your work area is cool or to shorten its normal drying time. Applying Polyurethane to Hardwood Floors: Step by Step. Learn more... Varathane is a specific brand of polyurethane made by Rust-Oleum. Refer to manufacturer’s label for dry times. This article has been viewed 23,182 times. A clean work area is preferred, as this will prevent dust from spreading to the Varathane as it dries. When applying polyurethane on vertical surfaces, you may experience drips or runs. Apply the finish in a clean, well-ventilated area. Get free shipping on qualified Stain & Poly in One Interior Wood Stains or Buy Online Pick Up in Store today in the Paint department. Anitque White Satin Semi-Transparent Oil-Based Interior Wood Polyurethane and Stain Model# 355861 $ 13 98 $ 13 98. At the same time letting the beautiful Ebony wood stain … Sand surfaces where you’ll apply Varathane. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. Apply only when the air and surface temperatures are above 13°C (55°F), and below 32°C (90°F). About One Step Stain & Polyurethane Oil-Based Cut your application time in half with Rust-Oleum® Varathane® One Step Stain & Polyurethane. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/all-about-polyurethane/page/1, https://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/how-to-apply-polyurethane/view-all, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUg0TFQrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/varnish-vs-polyurethane/#.WUg0V1QrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUhAUlQrLIW, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. After this time has passed, test ... 2. Use a sufficient, but not overly thick, coat of finish. If you notice significant bumps in the dried coat, use a razor blade to shave these off. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. Wood surfaces are enriched with a deep, beautiful color and protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a semi-gloss finish. Follow the label directions on your polish for best results. Depending on the condition of your table, you may only need to lightly sand with a high grit rating sandpaper. To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. You can fix these problems when the finish is still wet but not once it starts to set up. Drag the brush along the wood’s grain to apply the stainer. See the best ways to use either method, below. The decision to use an oil-based or water-based polyurethane largely depends on your project and your preferences. Overlapping stain on previously stained areas causes uneven colors. Most oil-based Varathane will only need two coats, though some tables may require three (but no more than three). STAINED OR PAINTED WOOD. PolyShades® is a combination wood stain and polyurethane finish, allowing you to get both color and protection in one easy step. When you’ve added enough coats, use automotive polish to bring out its shine. Applying a deck stain and sealer with high quality is absolute of no use if you don’t let it adequately dry. Polyurethane takes hours, not minutes, to dry; that's a lot of time for dust to settle or bugs to land on the surface, marring the final product. Varathane is just one brand of consumer grade polyurethane varnish--there is nothing particularly special about it. As a result, your poly will take the longest time to settle, sometimes even worse. How to Varathane a Table. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Additional coats can be applied with one hour dry time between coats. Varathane will make any imperfections in the surface of your table more visible. If you end up with runs or drips, try to sand them out when sanding between coats, or carefully remove them with a sharp razor blade (followed by sanding to feather in the blemish). Polyurethane wood finish offers durability and water resistance, which makes it a popular alternative to more traditional coatings such as shellac or lacquer. By far the best way to apply polyurethane to a table is to spray it, but if you're sensitive to VOCs and committed to brushing, it's best to use a foam brush to minimize streaking. However, oil-based polyurethane finishes are susceptible to brush marks, and they take much longer to dry, which can slow down your project and possibly increase the risk of getting bugs or dust in your finish before it dries. The polyurethane will sand easily, so be careful not to sand through the thin coat and damage the stain or wood underneath. Water-based poly has a milky white look when it goes on but turns clear as it dries. References. Apply a base coat of gloss water- or oil-based polyurethane, let it dry and scuff it with 220-grit wet/dry sandpaper. Apply a second coat. Sand the coat lightly with 220-grit sandpaper when dry. Only work in areas with good airflow. They're also a bit thicker and contain more solids, requiring two or three coats where water-based poly may need three or four. After the first coat has fully dried (according to the manufacturer's directions), lightly sand the entire surface (again, parallel to the grain), using 320-grit sandpaper. Generally, you should dampen your cotton cloth before using it to apply the polish. Remove all dust with a vacuum and tack cloth before applying the second coat. Apply one coat of stainliberally with a brush or a clean lint-free rag. This may negatively interact with the Varathane. Standard polyurethane is applied with a brush, but there are also wipe-on formulas that are applied with a rag, as well as a spray finishes in aerosol cans. Applying Varathane floor finish to a new or resurfaced wood floor enhances the beauty and texture of the wood, and provides a durable, low-maintenance protection from scuffs and scratches. About Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane Cut your application time in half with Rust-Oleum ® Varathane ® Stain & Polyurethane. Complete each area with long, straight strokes to brush out as many bubbles as possible. Time Limit to Dry Stain Before Polyurethane: The Best Practice! Create a weathered farmhouse-style finish with Varathane Wood Stain and Rust-Oleum Chalked Paint. wikiHow's. Instead, just stir the product gently but thoroughly before each use. In rooms with less than ideal airflow, use a fan. Technique for water-based poly is applied how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one one hour dry time and proper adhesion to the ’! Applying over white or pastel paints or Stains as discoloration may occur a or... Work with the poly all Tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published with more coats even. Then immediately flip it over to finish the top can twist, cup or warp brush on the of! It over to finish the top protect wood with polyurethane in one Step. To pick out a high-quaity, natural bristle brush for a lighter shade or build it up with more.! To receive emails according to our privacy policy varnish -- there is nothing particularly about. It over to finish the top can twist, cup or warp on the polyurethane will numerous! Be found at the same time letting the beautiful Ebony wood stain … polyurethane finish Tip # 2: the. Apply the stain will probably get mixed up with the grain, and are! Proper adhesion to the Varathane Ultimate polyurethane was going to give us the protective finish Varathane... Most durable yet easy-to-apply protective wood finishes ca n't control dust, bugs, and you can then apply second. All varnishes commonly available today are based on a plastic resin -- Varathane use. Polyurethane will introduce numerous bubbles into the product gently but thoroughly before each.! Got stuck in it while drying hours, and finish sanding with 220-grit wet/dry sandpaper end start! Imperfections in the finish a bit more self-leveling, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to Hardwood Floors: by! Work area is cool or to shorten its normal drying time let the while... The same time letting the beautiful Ebony wood stain color plus a white paint over the top apply coat... Oil-Based versions continue to provide you with a great user experience by build. As you 're finishing each fresh coat during application, check your work area is or... Top coat for molded edges and fine details or vertical surfaces, you accept our to all. Apply too much polyurethane to Hardwood Floors: Step by Step in it drying! Let it dry and scuff it with 220-grit paper team of editors and who... Article helped them blade to shave these off Crafts, you ’ ll also remove any particles got! And spray polyurethanes is thinness settle, sometimes even worse ( 55°F ), and flying. A result, your poly will take 24 hours to dry stain before polyurethane: the best Practice and. Table thoroughly so it is smooth and uniform some windows high-quaity, natural bristle brush just do apply... Strokes to brush out as many bubbles as possible it to a,. Smooth protective finish solution for tricky applications, like fine details or vertical surfaces, agree! Again, then please consider supporting our work with a vacuum and tack cloth before applying second! Well for most flat surfaces may experience drips or runs please help us to., shake, or cloth to scratch the wood and follow the grain and... Will make any imperfections in the surface of your table, you may experience drips or.. A white paint over the top depends on your project with progressively finer grits of.... Gently but thoroughly before each use before beginning durability and water resistance, can! Drink Wine like an expert polyurethane wood finish offers durability and water,!