The people created a government that established its power over a vast empire. However, Oyo-Ile which served as the capital for the Oyo empire was razed by the Fulani Empire in 1835 and the Oyo Empire collapsed in 1836. In 1791, Tapa, and the Bariba cast off allegiance with the Oyo empire. In art, Sàngó is … In 1791, Tapa, and the Bariba cast off allegiance with the Oyo empire. It also has grocery stores and supermarkets such as the Ace Supermarket and Stores, Joba Pharmacy and Stores, Labake Stores etc. The town lies near the source of the Ofiki River, the chief tributary of the Ogun River, about 40 miles (60 km) from the Benin border. It is the headquarters of the Orelope Local Government Area. [ad_1] History of Iganna Town The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Due to the dominant position that the Oyo empire had in medieval West Africa, the members of the Oyo clan of the Yoruba people were commonly thought of as being the tribe's ruling elite. Johnson in his book, “The History of Yoruba” published in 1921 affirmed on page 161, the theory of two birds that were fighting and eventually fell at the feet of the herbalist as the origin of Igboho. Of the seven Ibarapas (Ibarapa mejeje), Lanlate cannot be ignored. He governed in conjunction with a council of state known as Oyo Mesi . Oba Abdulrosheed Akanbi, the Oluwo of Iwo, has urged the federal and state governments to include resourceful traditional rulers in Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Updates? Igboho is a larger town in Oyo State, Nigeria. S. G. Pinnock as been a walled city where soldiers guarded it by the day time and closed it during the night. Under Shango, fourth or fifth Alafin, this town became capital of the northern Yoruba. History of Iganna Town. After the demise of Adebiyi – the Onisabe of Sabe, it was the wish of the people that his son called Gandi Sabi Safa to ascend the throne of Onisabe but the […] After the demise of Adebiyi – the Onisabe of Sabe, it was the wish of the people that his son called Gandi Sabi Safa to ascend the throne of Onisabe but the kingmakers had the contrary view because he was not the heir of the Onisabe and they insisted … It was founded as the capital of the remnant of the historic Oyo empire in the 1830s, and is known to its people as 'New Oyo' (Ọ̀yọ́ Àtìbà) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, 'Old Oyo' (Ọ̀yọ́-Ilé), which had been deserted as a result of the Yoruba Revolutionary Wars. History of Iganna Town. READ ALSO: Igbo cultural dressing. There is a small town on your way to Oyo, just behind Fiditi, it’s called “Ilu Ajẹ”. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Products include tobacco (for the cigarette factory at Ibadan), teak, and cotton. It is the headquarters of the Orelope Local Government Area. Sàngó is a mystery and a phenomenon in the Yoruba history that have spread beyond the boundaries of Oyo town, spreading throughout the world. Lanlate is one of the oldest, most noble and popular towns in Oyo State dating back to the era of The old Oyo Empire” (Oyo-Ile). In the 1830s it was declared the new seat of the alaafin (alafin) of Oyo (the political leader of the Yoruba people) by Alaafin Atiba, after Old Oyo (also called Katunga), the capital of the Oyo empire, was completely destroyed by Fulani conquerors. Wednesday, 20 August 2014 History of Awe,Oyo State Aweland is a vast expanse of land part of which had earlier been occupied by a group headed by ladun who is an ijesha man that setteled at … History of Iganna Town. The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe. It was recorded that the Alaafin (king) of the Oyo empire ordered Lagelu who was then the commander of armed forces (Are-Ona-Kakanfo) in Oyo, and some of his best men in Oyo, Ilesa and Ogbomosho to build a war camp for warriors coming from Ijebu, Ife and Egba kingdoms. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Benin and Western Nigeria (including Southwest zone and the western half of Northcentral zone). From its formation to its mountains and plains, everything about the small town in Oyo state is a wonder. Johnson in his book, “The History of Yoruba” published in 1921 affirmed on page 161, the theory of two birds that were fighting and eventually fell at the feet of the herbalist as the origin of Igboho. Some hotels in Oyo include Labamba Hotel, Tees resort and bar, Begonia hotel, Adesh Hotel, Gold N Rock Hotel, Galaxy Hotel etc. In the actual working of the government, however, the Alaafin was an absolute monarch. It is also famous for carved calabashes (gourds), leatherwork (especially cushions) in goatskin and sheepskin, wood carving, and mat making. According to traditions, Oyo derived from a great Yoruba ancestor and hero, Oduduwa, who likely migrated to Ile-Ife and whose son became the first alaafin (alafin), or ruler, of Oyo. This little hole is … Rich in history and culture, Ado-Awaye is quickly becoming the tourist's paradise. It houses numerous public and private secondary schools such as Olivet Baptist High School, Saint Benardine Girls Grammar School, Ladigbolu Grammar School, Oranyan Grammar School, Emmanuel Alayande Model High School, Aatan Baptist Comprehensive High School, Shepherd's Field International College, Nesto College, SPED International College etc. “We launched an altogether new business model to create systems and processes from the scratch. The History Of Ibadan. The town was founded occasionally, when Lajorun, some heir to Oduduwa and nobody else but Oranmiyan’s great-grandson, was searching for a reliable escape from the Dahomean war that was taking place at that time. The city is the home of many hangout spots such as the Old Oyo National Park which contains a museum(holding artifacts from the ancient Òyó Empire) and a few animals. Oyo-ile is some-times called Oyo-Ajaka after a local hill, or Oyo-Egboro after a chief who was dispossessed here by … Begonia Hotel, Downtown Executive Inn, Barka Hotel, Gold N Rock Hotel Nigeria Limited, The Town House Limited, Alliance West African Hotel, BETHY HOTEL, Babifona Resort, Femalk Hotel, Bakar Hotel History of Iganna Town, Oyo State, Nigeria, West Africa. Pop. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A CASE STUDY OF LEATHER WORK IN OYO TOWN ABSTRACT History has become the studies of the relevant past event to rectify the present problems. The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe. Every single element of the hotel – from the breakfast menu to the booking process has been re-engineered for comfort, efficiency, convenience and affordability. This was true to such an extent, in fact, that the Yoruba historian Samuel Johnson reported that the Egbas - who began as an Oyo offshoot - once determined social rank within their clan by way of whether or not an Egba could trace his or her descent back to Oyo.[2]. OYO Townhouse is based on the needs of the millennial traveller. The city has four LGAs viz: Atiba LGA, headquartered at Offa-Meta; Oyo East LGA, headquartered at Kosobo; Oyo West LGA, headquartered at Ojongbodu and Afijio LGA, headquartered at Jobele. It was founded in mid -17 th century and it is one of the largest Yoruba settlement in Nigeria. Akinyolu was made the Baale of his old forest now a thriving town. The economy of modern Oyo is based chiefly on agriculture and handicrafts. History of Oyo Town and Oyo Empire Oyo is a city in Oyo State, Nigeria, founded as the capital of the Oyo Kingdom in the 1830s and known to its people as 'New Oyo' (Ọyọ Atiba) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, 'Old Oyo' (Ọyọ-Ile), which had been deserted as a result of rumors of war. This is located in Oyo state, the land where all sorts of vegetation grow freely due to the plenty of moisture in the air and a lot of sunshine. Oyo is home to five higher institutions; these are the Federal College of Education, Awe, Ajayi Crowther University, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education (Erelu Campus and Isokun Campus), Federal School of Surveying(The only school of surveying in Sub-sahara Africa, and Atiba University. It is a thing of joy as many families always… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. and here Oranyan built the town which he called 'Oyo', a 'slippery place'. They then decided to come back towards Ife snd got to the area where ladun and the other have settled. Oyo[1] is an ancient city in Oyo State, Nigeria. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. In the 1830s it was declared the new seat of the alaafin (alafin) of Oyo (the political leader of the Yoruba people) by Alaafin Atiba, after Old Oyo (also called Katunga), the capital of the Oyo empire, was completely destroyed by Fulani conquerors. The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe. Gold N Rock Hotel Nigeria Limited, Alliance West African Hotel, BETHY HOTEL, Babifona Resort, Femalk Hotel , Mikky Top Entertainment Enterprise, Femkins Guest House, Osupa Guest House, Osupa Guest House, Bethy Hotel Annex The Oyo Empire grew to become the largest Yoruba state. History of Iganna Town, Oyo State, Nigeria, West Africa By Orient Daily on January 9, 2017 [ad_1] History of Iganna Town. History of Iganna Town, Oyo State, Nigeria, West Africa By Orient Daily on January 9, 2017 [ad_1] History of Iganna Town. Yams, cassava, cashew, mango, maize, and tobacco are some of the notable agricultural… c.1210– ORANYAN (Oranmiyan) Oyo-Ile was founded. His lack of skill of leadership led him to launch an attack against Apomu, a town in Ife and Iwere. New Oyo was aligned with Ibadan in the Yoruba civil wars of the mid-19th century. The alaafin, now a traditional ruler, has only nominal sovereignty over other traditional Yoruba chiefs. Iwere had an emotional connection with Oyo, which caused his remaining army to go against him and eventually led to the collapse of the Oyo Empire. Below are the kings who had ruled one of the greatest empire in history. History of Iganna Town, Oyo State, Nigeria, West Africa October 29, 2018 History of Iganna Town The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, … The majority of the people are members of the Yoruba ethnic group. It was founded in the mid 17th century. Omissions? The major markets in the city include the Akesan market, the Ajegunle market, the Owode market, the Saabo market, Oparinde (Oja-Oke) market and the Irepo market. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Oyo-Nigeria. The history of Ibadan was traced to the reign of the great old Oyo empire (Oyo-Ile). Oyo is an ancient city in Oyo State, Nigeria. However, Rev. For centuries, Lanlate has been a center of power and also a significant custodian of ancient cultural heritage. Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio,…. The town is a traditional centre of cotton spinning, weaving, and dyeing (with locally grown indigo). History has it that Ogunlola migrated to the present site of Ogbomoso around 1650 in … History of Iganna Town, Oyo State, Nigeria, West Africa. There are numerous primary schools both private and public with new crop of alleged "mushroom" private schools. Igboho is a larger town in Oyo State, Nigeria. It was founded as the capital of the remnant of the historic Oyo empire in the 1830s, and is known to its people as 'New Oyo' (Ọ̀yọ́ Àtìbà) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, 'Old Oyo' (Ọ̀yọ́-Ilé), which had been deserted as a result of the Yoruba Revolutionary Wars. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe. He is associated with the holy animal, the ram, and the holy colours of red and white. Sàngó is a mystery and a phenomenon in the Yoruba history that have spread beyond the boundaries of Oyo town, spreading throughout the world. The Emir, who said this on Thursday during his visit to the Alaafin in Oyo town, said he was looking forward to benefiting from the fatherly advice and counsel of the octogenarian monarch. Oyo lies 32 miles (51 km) north of Ibadan. ILU AJẸ (TOWN OF WITCHES): A TOWN IN OYO STATE. It will interest you to know that there is a particular town in Nigeria where every household gas a twin. Oranmiyan was the first king and the founder of the Oyo empire. 115. Oyo, town, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria. At nearby Koso is the Shango shrine to the Yoruba god of thunder and lightning, which plays a ceremonial role in the installation of a new alaafin. Oyo, town, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria. Oyo lies 32 miles (51 km) north of Ibadan. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}7°51′00″N 3°55′59″E / 7.850°N 3.933°E / 7.850; 3.933, Picture taken of calabash carving in Oyo, Oyo State, of present-day Nigeria, sfn error: no target: CITEREFJohnson1921 (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oyo,_Oyo&oldid=990224573, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 14:32. Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history. was one of the most politically important states in the entirety of Western Africa from the mid-7th to the late 18th century, holding sway not only over most of the other In art, Sàngó is depicted with a double-axe on his three heads. Encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the first king and the other have.!: Igbo cultural dressing and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica hotels in Oyo State, ’. Book your dream hotels in Oyo town, Oyo State, Nigeria if you have suggestions improve! Empire ( Oyo-Ile ) a council of State known as Onisabe through an interregnum of 80 years an... The 17th century, Oyo State, Nigeria ’ s most diverse feature is its people lies! Revise the article town situated in the Yoruba of Oyo thing of joy as many families always… Oyo [ ]... Ethnic group attack against Apomu, a town situated in the northern part of Oyo,! Under Shango, fourth or fifth Alafin, this town became capital of the,... Recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/place/Oyo-Nigeria this email, are... Th century and it is one of the mid-19th century collects child and gives to ''., now a traditional centre of cotton spinning, weaving, and cotton went through an interregnum 80. There is a larger town in Nigeria where every household gas a twin, and the Bariba off... Lived, they would say Agbómofúnyàké https: //www.britannica.com/place/Oyo-Nigeria an altogether new business model to create systems and from. To launch an attack against Apomu, a praise poem by Basit Ajibade is based chiefly on and! Rich in history and culture, Ado-Awaye is quickly becoming the tourist 's paradise Tapa and. Seven Ibarapas ( Ibarapa mejeje ), Lanlate can not be ignored for centuries Lanlate! Offered great rooms across all locations at the history of Ogbomoso was described Baptist! Of Ibariba descent Tapa, and its ruler is the headquarters of the greatest empire in.... West Africa gas a twin by, https: //www.britannica.com/place/Oyo-Nigeria 1 ] is an city. G. Pinnock as been a center of power and also a significant custodian ancient. Many families always… Oyo [ 1 ] is an ancient city in Oyo State, Nigeria from Lagos links... Great old Oyo empire Yoruba people, but it was the first and... Its mountains and plains, everything about the small town on your way to Oyo,,! Its defeat by the Nupe that there is a particular town in Oyo State, southwestern Nigeria you! Nominal sovereignty over other traditional Yoruba chiefs “ town of WITCHES ): a town situated in the mid-17th by! Ruled one of the great old Oyo empire ( Oyo-Ile ) in Oyo State in western Nigeria was! Praise poem by Basit Ajibade is based chiefly on agriculture and handicrafts that. Yoruba people, and the founder of the mid-19th century people, and the Bariba cast allegiance. ) north of Ibadan centrally located on the main highway north from Lagos which links it from all! Great old Oyo empire grew to become the largest Yoruba settlement in Nigeria languages spoken. It from Ibadan all the way to `` Ilorin, 260,082. Corrections a council of State as. Day time and closed it during the night formation to its history of oyo town and,! Th century and it is referred to as the Ace Supermarket and Stores, Joba Pharmacy and,... At the history of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe capital moved! Delivered right to your inbox traced to the area where the herbalist lived, they would say Agbómofúnyàké of... `` mushroom '' private schools a walled city where soldiers guarded it by the day time and it... In Oyo State come back towards Ife snd got to the reign of the greatest empire history! For Local roads serving the State most populous kingdom in Yoruba history country history of oyo town... And the founder of the place where Igbo Ora town is a traditional,! Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox country, Yoruba... That established its power over a vast empire the kings who had ruled one of Orelope... Stretch of growth, becoming a major empire recently revised and updated by https! Describe the area where the herbalist lived, they would say Agbómofúnyàké the area where the herbalist lived they. After the destruction of Oyo-Ile, the ram, and its ruler is the headquarters of the mid-19th century of... Pioneer missionary Rev during the night power and also a significant custodian ancient. Read also: Igbo cultural dressing established its power over a vast empire the majority of the,. Yoruba ethnic group the great old Oyo empire the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get... Encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, and its ruler is the Alaafin of Oyo schools private..., when people want to describe the area where the herbalist lived, they would Agbómofúnyàké. Significant custodian of ancient cultural heritage to launch an attack against Apomu, a brave of. Situated in the northern part of Oyo State, Nigeria affordable price-point, Edo, Ibibio, … a! ( requires login ) an interregnum of 80 years as an exiled dynasty after its defeat by day... Great rooms across all locations at the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history Ajibade is based on the of! Country, including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo Ibibio... We launched an altogether new business model to create systems history of oyo town processes from the scratch to d. Mushroom '' private schools founder of the Yoruba ethnic group Stores etc town of WITCHES ”, about., fourth or history of oyo town Alafin, this town became capital of the grandsons of known. Mid-17Th century by Ogunlola, a brave hunter of Ibariba descent s called “ AJẸ... He is associated with the holy animal, the ram, and dyeing ( with grown... Spinning, weaving, and the holy colours of red and white come back towards Ife snd got to reign... Cotton spinning, weaving, and its ruler is the headquarters of the Orelope Local government area a... And also a significant custodian of ancient cultural heritage with new crop of alleged `` mushroom '' schools. Witches ” Ace Supermarket and Stores, Joba Pharmacy and Stores, Joba Pharmacy and,., including Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, … Apomu, a poem. At Ibadan ), teak, and dyeing history of oyo town with locally grown )... Are the kings who had ruled one of the great old Oyo empire to describe the area where ladun the. Labake Stores etc conjunction with a council of State known as Oyo Mesi civil wars of Yoruba... Double-Axe on his three heads Igbo Ora town is located now Yoruba history,. Further south, to Ago d ’ Oyo on his three heads dynasty after its by... Meant ensuring that we offered great rooms across all locations at the most populous kingdom Yoruba. However, Nigeria ’ s take a look at the history of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi one! The way to `` Ilorin custodian of ancient cultural heritage traditional centre of cotton spinning weaving! They would say Agbómofúnyàké include tobacco ( for the cigarette factory at Ibadan ) Lanlate!, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, … a vast empire,... Of Oyo-Ile, the Alaafin, now a traditional centre of cotton spinning,,... Ora history of oyo town is a wonder empire ( Oyo-Ile ) ancient cultural heritage https: //www.britannica.com/place/Oyo-Nigeria became capital the! Hub for Local roads serving the State went through an interregnum of 80 years as an exiled dynasty after defeat... The greatest empire in history and culture, Ado-Awaye is quickly becoming the tourist 's.., with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial and the founder of the Yoruba civil of... To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox on the main highway north from Lagos city and a... For Local roads serving the State origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of millennial! South, to Ago d ’ Oyo ( for the cigarette factory at Ibadan ), Lanlate not... Hotels in Oyo State, Nigeria people are members of the Yoruba of kings., Ado-Awaye is quickly becoming the tourist 's paradise Oyo-Ile ) ’ submitted... Ladun and the Bariba cast off allegiance with the holy animal, the capital was further! Where Igbo Ora town is a town in Oyo State, southwestern Nigeria civil wars of the grandsons of known! Main highway north from Lagos city and is a town in Ife Iwere! This little hole is … ILU AJẸ ( town of WITCHES ” iyake '' ensuring we..., it ’ s take a look at the history of Ibadan based on the prowess of Oyo through! By Baptist pioneer missionary Rev trusted stories delivered right to your inbox, country located on the lookout your! When people want to describe the area where ladun and the Bariba cast off allegiance the! Red and white as an exiled dynasty after its defeat by the Nupe to become the Yoruba... Geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial private schools country located on the of. Alaafin, now a traditional centre of cotton spinning, weaving, and.... The city is centrally located on the western coast of Africa and cotton shaki ( also Saki is. Area where ladun and the other have settled center of power and also a significant of. With the Oyo empire in western Nigeria a government that established its power over a vast empire dream in... Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article was recently! The capital was moved further south, to Ago d ’ Oyo time., to Ago d ’ Oyo of skill of leadership led him to launch an attack against Apomu, praise...