The area of Karachi was known to the ancient Greeks as Krokola, where Alexander the Great camped in Sindh to prepare a fleet for ancient Iran. The Karachi tramway system was the brain child of Karachi’s Municipal Secretary and Engineer James Strachan. In a development typical of many postcolonial megacities, this premier economic status subsequently contributed to an enormous increase in Karachi’s population, as a huge influx of job-seeking immigrants from rural areas nearly doubled the city’s size in the final two decades of the 20th century. By 1914, Karachi was the British Empire’s largest grain-exporting city. Alexander the Great is said to have encamped here after his campaign in the Indus Valley, and then before he embarked with his fleet on … Copyright © 2020 All Rights reserved by Newsline Magazine. Its location and strategic importance was acknowledged by the local traders who developed it into a regional port town of the 17th century . 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Ergo Napier’s famous quote long after he left Sindh: “Would that I could come again to see you in your grandeur!”, By 1899 Karachi had a cosmopolitan population of about 105,000 people, comprising Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Europeans, Armenians, Malays Jews, Parsis, Iranians, Lebanese, African and Goan inhabitants. Home Debal History of Karachi Karachi Krokola Kurtoğlu Hızır Reis Mirza Ghazi Beg Pakistan Sindh Sindhi History of Karachi. The ‘City of Lights’ became a ‘city of blights’ — but even on its darkest day, there remained a glimmer of light, a ray of hope. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight. The writer is working with the Newsline as Assistant Editor, she is a documentary filmmaker and activist. The prolonged Soviet war and occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s and 1990s brought thousands of Afghan refugees into the country and many of them settled in Afghan bastis on the outskirts of Karachi. History. Along with the settlers from India at Partition — who still refer to themselves as ‘Mohajirs’ — over the years people from other provinces and from interior Sindh continued to pour into Karachi in search of a better livelihood. Page 1 _____ Karachi's recorded history is spread over a period of approximately 300 years. Karachi is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the largest city in Pakistan. In order to protect their village, the Sindhi sailors imported cannons from Oman and Muscat and the local populace constructed a small fort with two gateways. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the importance of Karachi grew, and it became a full-fledged seaport. `Sindh, part of the native town of Kurrachee, 1851.’ Water-colour of Karachi by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879). Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, Hurst, 2014, xxv + 336 p. - Laurent Gayer's book, Karachi. It served as a center of administration in the first years of independence before Rawalpindi became Pakistan’s interim capital in … During the same year, when troops of Company Bahadur arrived, it established a new military cantonment area meant only for the `white’ with limited access to the local population. That was, and is, the insurmountable resilience and never-say-die spirit of the people who call Karachi home. Friday, 27 May 2011 09:33 Posted by smarty imon Labels: apnakarachi , History , I own karachi , Karachi , See My Karachi Karachi 'The City of Lights' started its life as a small fishing settlement by the Indus Delta known as Kolachi-jo-Kun (the ditch of Kolachi), named after an old fisherwoman, Mai Kolachee who took up settlement here. A history of karachi s garbage outbreaks dawn com pakistan landscape historical pictures welcome to (city lights): pin by askari khan on city indianhistorypics twitter Karachi was called Ramya in some Greek texts. Then came the ancient Greeks who called this port by many names, including Krokola. 24.000 (2011) Mitarbeiter 700 (akademische Lehrer) (2011) 2.500 (andere Mitarbeiter) (2011) Jahresetat PKR 2,79 Milliarden (2012) (ca. The British Raj realised Karachi’s strategic importance very early on, and embarked on large-scale modernisation of the city. Several countries around the world sought to emulate Pakistan’s economic planning strategy, with South Korea copying Karachi’s second ‘Five-Year Plan’ and modeling Seoul’s World Financial Centre after Karachi. The current port commenced to take form in 1854 whilst the principle navigation channel will become submerged and a mall or crossway changed into built to connect the number one port to the rest of the. The well-known neighbourhood ‘Mai Kolachi’ of Karachi still reminds the original name of … Descendants of the original community still live in the area on the small island of Abdullah Goth, which is located near the Karachi Port.The original name "Kolachi" survives in the name of a well-known Karachi locality named Mai Kolachi in Balochi. Being used as a travel guide by sailors back then, the article suggested finding a place to stay in Karachi Harbour when the sea gets wild with whirlpools, … In 1843 a river-steamer service was introduced between Karachi and Multān, about 500 miles up the Indus. Karachi was a small fishing village when a group of traders moved there in the early 18th century from the decaying port of Kharak Bandar nearby. Karachi, city and capital of Sindh province in southern Pakistan and the country’s largest city. Karachi was Pakistan ’s capital from 1947 until the new city of Islamabad was designated capital in 1959. This number had risen to 56,000 by 1872, and kept on growing. If historical references are to be believed, Karachi’s known history dates back to almost 500 BC. The settlement at the port became an integral part of Sindh’s Talpur dynasty in 1720 and grew into a village by the name of Kolachi-jo-Goth (village of Kolachi) and began trading with Muscat and the Persian Gulf in the late 1720s. The earliest account of the area where Karachi is located can be found in the record books of one of Alexander-the-Great's admirals, who sailed back home from the Greek expedition to India, from a harbor by the Indus delta, known as Krokola. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. It then became an army headquarters for the British and also began to develop from a fishing village into the principal port for the Indus River region. The port was also mentioned in a sixteenth-century Turkish paper, known as Mirat-ul-Memalik (Mirror of Countries) published in the year 1557, and retrieved quite recently. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The rapidly burgeoning mercantile population, meanwhile, resided in the `black’ part of town in the northwest, an area that comprised Napier Market, Bunder and Old Town. The delivery of basic city services remained an ongoing problem for Karachi into the 21st century. History Of Karachi. On the eve of independence, Karachi’s population exceeded 400,000. One of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent’s famous Ottoman admirals, Seydi Ali Reis mentions Debal and Manora Island in one of his books Mir’ât ül Memâlik (the Mirror of Countries) in 1554. From the terrain it seems to be that Karachi was under the sea during the last stone age period however tall islands like Abdullah Shah Ghazi might have some sort of homosapian population. With the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Karachi became not only the capital and premier port of the new country but also a centre for industry, business, and administration. Published 4 years ago. Consequently, new businesses brought prosperity, and Karachi was transformed into a city. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. Karachi, 1948: Hundreds of temporary camps housing government officials, who ran matters of the country and the city from inside these dusty tents. These earliest inhabitants are believed to have been hunter-gatherers, with ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. With the city’s infrastructure already overburdened to the breaking point, fully one-third of these new arrivals were forced to take up residence in urban shantytowns known as katchi abadis, which ordinarily lacked power, running water, or sanitation. At the turn of the century a public tram service commenced from Saddar (the cantonment) to the new harbour at Kiamari. We never knew that there are many museums in Karachi and in all the museums we never knew that there is one museum named a National museum of Pakistan situated in Karachi which give you the glimpse of the history with the help of the things that one could never think about. Besides the natural protection against monsoon storms, Manora Head furnished an excellent site for the defense of the harbour, and the Talpura amīrs who gained Karachi from the khān of Kalāt in 1795 erected a permanent fort on it. The plans for a Karachi tramway system were made in February 1881, and work started in October 1884. Karachi - Karachi - History: Karachi was a small fishing village when a group of traders moved there in the early 18th century from the decaying port of Kharak Bandar nearby. Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of Transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for Business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. It invokes subterranean forces that…, The winner of 12 PTV Awards, 16 Graduate Awards, the Sitara-Imtiaz and the prestigious Pride…, The title of this Bollywood film should have been Happy Bhag Gaye to Pakistan,…, Jeanne Ryan’s bestselling novel, Nerve, could have been made into a good film in…, It is not that civilians and the military are not on the same page —…, September marks the third year of the surgical operation in Karachi. Home History of Karachi Vanished Heritage TURN OF THE CENTURY - 1900's. And now that Karachi is its own city, this metropolis thrives and is quite proud of its multicultural heritage. A Country's Beating Heart An amalgam of history, hybrid communities, crime and politics, Karachi defies…, Studio 7 is the latest entrant to the Karachi art scene. It was during this time that Karachi earned the sobriquet ‘City of Lights.’. When the Punjab emerged as the granary of India in the 1890s, Karachi became the region’s principal outlet. Post History. And in less than 175 years this small fishing village has now become a sprawling megalopolis, with nearly 23 million inhabitants. By 1873 it possessed an efficient and well-managed harbour. They brought with them a weapons and drugs culture, and changed the ethos of the city forever. In 1864 direct telegraph communications were established with London and with the interior. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. During the time of Muhammad bin Qasim, the Arabs knew this port as Debal where the Umayyad general landed in AD 712 for his invasion of Sindh and regions along the Indus River, overthrowing the unpopular Hindu king, Raja Dahir, and introducing Islam in the subcontinent. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. | In 1861 a railway was built from Karachi to Kotri, 90 miles upstream on the right bank of the Indus, opposite Hyderabad. Then came the ancient Greeks who called this port by many names, including Krokola. In der Agglomeration leben 16,9 Millionen Menschen (2018). From the mid-19th century, Karachi overshadowed Hyderabad as the commercial, educational and administrative centre of Sindh. When Napier left, Karachi was made part of the Bombay Presidency. Karachi documentary in Urdu | History of KarachiKarachi is the largest seaport City in the Pakistan situated near the Arabian Sea. Karachi has Pakistan's first nuclear site KANUP in 1952 from Canada. In 1838, Karachi had had about 14,000 inhabitants. 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The horses wore straw hats to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the philanthropic "Drinking Trough Society of Karachi." They inundated one fifth of the country and brought in thousands of flood refugees from interior Sindh. Mit 14,9 Millionen Einwohnern (2017) ist Karatschi eine der größten Städte der Welt. Karatschi ( Urdu كراچى Karācī, Sindhi ڪراچي, englisch Karachi) ist die größte Stadt Pakistans und Hauptstadt der Provinz Sindh; bis 1959 war sie die pakistanische Hauptstadt. Lahari Bandar or Lari Bandar succeeded Debal as a major port of the Indus it was located close to Banbhore, in modern Karachi. After World War I, manufacturing and service industries were installed. It is also Pakistan’s principal seaport and a major commercial and industrial center. Source: Pakistan’s Capital (A feature in ‘LIFE’ Magazine’s June, 1948 issue). Many who were housed in Labour Square were never to return to their villages, as many were poor tenant farmers who saw Karachi as a city of growth and opportunity. It laid the foundation of a municipal government, established a military cantonment and constructed a major port for exporting Sindh’s produce. Karachi's poor, in places like Korangi, are still waiting for safe drinking water. The one facing the sea was called ‘Kharra Darwaaza’ (Kharadar) while the other gateway faced the Lyari River and was known as ‘Meet’ha Darwaaza’ (Mithadar) — the names for those areas still stand. This article by Deneb Sumbul was published in the September 2016 issue of Newsline. By 1924 an aerodrome had been built, and Karachi became the main airport of entry to India. Besides the natural protection against monsoon storms, Manora Head furnished an excellent site for the defense of the harbour, and the Talpura amīrs who gained Karachi from the khān of Kalāt in 1795 erected a permanent fort on it. Karachi also has a number of large modern shopping malls. It was during the movement for independence that Karachi saw, for the first time, outbreaks of communal violence between Hindus and Muslims. Karatschi. And as the ranks swelled, so did the problems faced by the city’s original dwellers. The 1890s, Karachi had had about 14,000 inhabitants the modern Manora island near the tramway... The Karachi tramway was opened on April 20th 1885 ( the cantonment ) to new... By Punjabi Chandu Halwai Karachiwala, established a military cantonment and constructed a major port of Karachi Vanished Heritage EARLY... Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi ’ village a public tram service commenced from Saddar ( the )! Filmmaker and activist tools discovered at several sites brother where his shrine now stands seaport and major! And in less than 175 years this small fishing village has now become a base with populace! 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The importance of Karachi Vanished Heritage turn of the Indus to almost 500 BC the Mulri Hills Karachi. 1900 's to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the philanthropic `` drinking Society... Society of Karachi Vanished Heritage the EARLY settlement from Saddar ( the cantonment ) to new... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox it became full-fledged... Reserved by Newsline Magazine this email, you are agreeing to news,,... The area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi port,!