The Quinti was introduced in 1964 in Ottawa, Ontario. 'Early Cortland' has been used effectively as a pollen parent in controlled hybridizations, which proves that it has good, viable pollen. Add this product to my list of favorites. The Honeycrisp was introduced in 1991 and originated in Excelsior, Minnesota at the University of Minnesota's apple develpment program. cross between a McIntosh and Golden Delicious and a great eating apple. Quinti apples are good for eating and cooking; it is a sweet apple.   Fifteen- year-old trees on Malling-Merton 106 rootstocks often produce 10 bushels or more of fruit, annually. The flesh is whitish cream colored and semifirm in texture. Ripens in early September. X. In 1969, 'Early Cortland' was tested by Olaf Einset, Lofthus, Norway. The Redcort is a crisp, sweet apple good for eating. Although ripens in early mid-season, it is an excellent commercial type. X. X. X. X. X. It ripens more evenly than most early varieties; sometimes it can be harvested all at one picking, but generally two pickings will be better. Its mildly tart flavor definitely gets the Michigan autumn apple harvest off to an exciting start. flavor. or  We also harvest the popular (for eating) Macoun. Puritan apples originated in Amherst, Massachusetts and were introduced in 1953. Both have marketed the variety under the name, 'Early Cortland'. “The flavor is tart and tangy,” he writes, “but not emphatically so, and juicy. Cortland ripen in late September or early October. In most years, fruits remained in a good marketable condition for about four months, until about January 1. Excellent flavor, Does not brown when sliced (see this page for more info) CandyCrisp: Early October: X. X. good. The skin of early Cortland usually has scabs and it's prone to pest infestations. They are above medium in vigor. But what about the best pie apples? Very good. Red Astrachan cross. It is round with white flesh and is perfect for fresh eating or drying. Cold Hardiness: Very Cold Hardy 'Early Cortland' is an early fall, market apple. Mr.xEirrset was formerly a pomologist at the Geneva Station. The famed Cortland apple is named for the county. It's also not as sweet as regular Cortland. Yellow-green with crimson stripes, it is ideal for baking, canning, and freezing. and somewhat firm with a mainly sweet taste. Like 'Cortland', 'Early Cortland' fruits hang well to the tree even after they have fully ripened; no stopdrop sprays are needed. Developed from McIntosh, Cortland is one of the most widely-grown Mac-style apples. Like 'Cortland', fruits are borne on spurs and on twig terminals. Apples are low in calories and free of fat, sodium and cholesterol. They're not necessarily the same. Refreshing. But it's not as good as Cortland apples in my opinion. Its storage life is about as long as that of 'Mclntosh'. Writer Roger Yepsen describes Cortland as a “friendly” apple in his book Apples. Early harvest – Early 1800s, US (likely). The fruit will store for 6 to 8 weeks. The Early Mac is a cross Storage life tests at 31 F. in a high relative humidity were conducted for 7 years (1962- 1968). The Macoun is a popular eating apple. August it is the first apple off the trees at Rowe's. 'Early Cortland' is an early fall, market apple. Yellow summer apple. ever classic Mac and Cortland apples. The McIntosh originated in Dundas County, Ontario and was introduced in 1836. Macouns are a cross This is one of the special attributes of this new variety. Fall harvest – All purpose fall apple. Red Delicious apples have Early McIntosh apples were introduced in 1923 and originated in Geneva, New York. Northern Spy is a classic pie apple, popular in New England and New York since the early 1800s. In most years, it will also mutually cross- pollenize with most mid-season bloomers, such as 'Delicious' and 'Jonathan'. mid to late September. Early September to Late September Sweet Old Fashion Apple All-Purpose Jonathan Early September to Mid November Tart All-Purpose Popular for Pies Cortland Early September to Late October Tart All-Purpose Recommended for Cooking Cooks Soft Must Refrigerate Red Delicious Nursery trees of N.Y. 49-19 were sold by the New York State Fruit Testing Association for a period of 8 years, 1960-1967. Way, R.D., Livermore, K.G., Aldwinckle, H.S. An apple a day may really keep the doctor away. Cortland Apple Early October — Cortland apples are medium to large in size with a light red skin. The ground color of the skin is lighter green than that of 'Cortland'; it is almost whitish. Excerpt from the New York’s Food and Life Sciences Bulletin: 'Early Cortland' originated from the controlled cross- pollination, 'Cortland' x 'Lodi', made in 1938. baking. 99, p. 1–3. Tree a vigorous grower. The Cortland Apple Tree is ready for harvest between September and October, just in time for a warm apple pie on a cool, crisp fall day. Dwarf varieties of the apple can serve as the “clothing,” trained along your fence in an art form known as espalier. Perhaps you already have a privacy fence, but it looks too bare, and you’d like to dress it up. Great for eating, baking, and salads. It is a seedling of 'Cortland1, not a sport and therefore is a completely different variety from Cortland'. McIntosh apples are crisp Apple varieties which are grown in large volume com- mercially usually ripen late, after mid-September. Early October: Yes: Jonathan: Tart, crisp, and juicy. Cousineau. Cortland requires a number of chilling hours (700-1000 below freezing) in order to set fruit. The fruit are roundish oblate, attractively red colored, with a heavy bloom. In addition to the original seedling grown on its own roots, 15 grafted trees were planted into second-test evaluation orchards. In cold bloom seasons, it will usually set good crops, even when honeybee flight is poor. Stores well for an early apple. Good all-purpose apple. Wonderful for eating fresh, they hold up nicely in pies and as a baked apple. The flavor is subacid to somewhat tart. Dessert and culinary. 2020 looks to have apples ripening on their normal schedule. Cortland is the product of a cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis, an heirloom apple from Virginia dating back to the early 1800s. It is similar to Cortland', except the color has considerable distinct striping, the flavor is more tart, and it ripens a month earlier than 'Cortland'. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for Licorice tones. X. X. X : Cortland. And I'll confess ahead of time that my favorite apple is any of the brown-green russets — Golden Russet, Roxbury Russet, et al. The Spencer is a However nearly all that production takes place in New York State, almost within sight of Cornell University where it was developed in 1898 and introduced in 1915. However, in an apple cultivar evalua- tion orchard where fire blight has been especially severe on other varieties, trees of 'Early Cortland' have suffered very little blight infection. The Cortland is a cross Waddell Apple Farm and Bakery, farming in Kingston Ontario since 2003. Rowe Orchard's currently has 14 varieties of apples in production. Visit the farm August to October or shop online all year! This sweet-spicy apple has a succulent texture and rich taste. Commercial and home garden growers purchased trees to test it. It was selected in August 1949 from a progeny of 44 seedlings. An apple of unknown southern origin, resembling Early Harvest and frequently mistaken for this variety, but with an earlier ripening time than Early Harvest. Delicious is a firm, crisp apple with a sweet flavor good for eating and baking. It’s likely made with Cortland, New York’s very best salad apple. Excellent for both fresh eating and cooking. Fruit is a beautiful red, very large, with pure white flesh. However, there is much grower interest in early ripening varieties for roadside and early shipping markets but not for large volume storage. In flavor and texture and firmness Redcort is proving to be a highly desirable apple. The name, 'Early Cortland', was chosen by a group of 10 Geneva pomologists. The Golden Erickson – Minnesota circa 1910. or  Cortland X lodi, early ripening cortland type. In 1966, Charlotte Pratt of the Department of Pomology and Viticulture, counted the number of chromosomes in cells in shoot meristems of 'Early Cortland' and found the variety to be diploid (2x-34). The Red Delicious apple was introduced in 1895 and originated in Peru, Iowa. Of the apples in production we have the between the July Red and the NH 24. Slightly tart, flesh discolors slowly. A small apple with crisp, vibrant flavor, Gala is the superior apple for mild-winter climates. NY 1930s. It was first distributed in 1915. The Macoun is moderately firm and crisp with a sweet It is somewhat less pleasant to eat out of hand than 'Cortland' because it is more tart and it has less of the desirable aromatic flavors. Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York and were introduced in 1915. 'Early Cortland' has no known resistances to apple diseases or insects. Pollen is viable, and the variety can serve as a pollen source for other early blooming varieties in an apple orchard. Gala. The Cortland is a cross between the Ben Davis and the McIntosh apples. The Jewseymac is a cross In Norway, he was so favorably im- pressed with the variety that he gave it a name of his own choosing, 'Mari', and encouraged Norwegian growers to try it. eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. As the name implies, this is one of the earliest apples, ripening in early July and lasting throughout the season. The Honeycrisp apple was thought to be a cross between the Macoun and the Honeygold, but genetic testing has shown the Keepsake apple to be the only identified parent. The Jerseymac originated in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced in 1972. A row of apple trees can act as an attractive privacy screen all summer and fall, while fully leafed out. Fruit sizes are more uniform than most varieties. X: X. Paulareds are very firm and tart, good for Deep red over yellow. Apple Varieties Guide by Harvest Date - Which Apple to Pick and Why! Trees can be propagated on the full range of size- controlling rootstocks to achieve the desired tree size. Our choices of this name, viz., 'Early Cortland', takes precedence over Einset's choice of 'Mari'. Branches are more willowy than some varieties, and heavy cropping often causes trees to appear somewhat drooping. However Cortland is a noticeably larger apple and in a good season the flavour can have a more robust yet perfumed quality. The Quinti is a cross between the Crimson Beauty early to Mid October . Cortland was developed at Cornell from a cross of Ben Davis and McIntosh made in 1898. Fruit shape is roundoblate to roundconic. Cameo. Cancel, The minimum purchase order quantity for the product is 1. The Macoun apple originated in Geneva, New York and was introduced in 1923. During its testing period before introduction, it was identified as New York 49-19. The Julyred originated in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced in 1962. Fruit medium-sized, roundish, with thin pale yellow or greenish-yellow skin. The overall appearance is similar to 'Cortland' but less red and with more splashed stripes. @feruze-- Early Cortland is a cross between Cortland and white/yellow transparent apples. Very good. between the Ben Davis and the McIntosh apples. Note: Much of the information for this page came from "Our Apples" by Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Johanne Much of Cortland’s distinctive flavor comes from McIntosh, while its crisp texture, red skin with green striping, and large size are characteristic of Ben Davis. 'Early Cortland' fruits are large, generally 3 to 3 112 inches in diameter. The apple was named after nearby Cortland County, New York. 'Early Cortland1 trees are very similar to 'Cortland'. Remove this product from my favorite's list. https://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/5107/FLS-099.pdf;sequence=1, Submit With a harvest date in mid Tests conducted by the Department of Plant Pathology showed Early Cortland' to be very susceptible to fire blight (Erwinia amylovora). Fruit similar to Cortland, but tarter. Commercial apple growers will like it because they can take advantage of the high prices of the early market. You've probably identified your favorite eating apple. REDFREE— This beautiful red apple is sweet and especially firm. Ozark Gold “early mild apple” No Aug 25 End of Aug Mild Tender * * Gala “early sweet eating” Yes Aug 30 Until Mid Sept Sweet Crisp * * * * * Fall Apples: The apples you enjoy each fall. 'Early Cortland' may fill a vital need in an intermediate slot between the very early and late varieties. Trees of 'Early Cortland' produce good heavy crops.   Puritans are a McIntosh, Introduced in 1999. This STANDARD variety is ripe in late September, or early October. Being a tip bearer, growth habit is similar to that of Rome Beauty. Ripens in early Sept. Second half of September: Royal Cortland: cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis that inherited the good qualities of both parents. Cortland is a typical McIntosh style apple variety, and ranks about 12th in terms of US apple production. Cancel. The Cortland apple was developed in 1898 by Professor S.A. Beach at Cornell University’s New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. Commercial growers say that trees are precocious and regular croppers and fruits make good applesauce. Michigan is the third largest apple producer in the country and harvested 25.2 million bushels, or more than 1 billion pounds, of apples in 2018, according to the Michigan Apple Committee. There have been few late frosts in the main apple growing regions, rain and temperatures have been good, so the year is shaping up well for a good apple crop. The McIntosh is a popular apple used for eating, cooking, Zestar!® Large, crunchy, juicy red fruit with a sprightly sweet-tart flavor. Spencers are firm and crisp with Additional information. Share The Puritan is a soft and somewhat tart apple mainly used for eating and cooking. Thus, 'Early Cortland' can serve as a mutually effective cross-pollenizer in orchards with most early blooming varieties, such as 'Mclntosh' or 'Idared'. a very sweet flavor. During this time, it was repropagated several times and grown for re-evaluation in Experiment Station orchards. This great, all-purpose apple was developed at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva in 1898. between a Yellow Transparent and a McIntosh. Store somewhat well. Google+ Trees tend to be precocious and set heavy crops. Cortland County New York is named for Pierre Van Cortlandt, president of the convention at Kingston that wrote the first New York State Constitution in 1777, and first lieutenant governor of the state. cider and sauce. Skin color is 60 to 95 per cent red with distinctly splashed striping. Weight: 1.5 lbs: Common Name: Apple. Nevertheless, it is very pleasing to eat out of hand after it has fully ripened. Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York and were introduced in 1915. The Paulared apple was introduced in 1967 in Sparta, Michigan. thick skins with a crisp center and sweet flavor. It is a good apple to accompany a sandwich.” He recommends it for pies, sauce, and cider, too. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. Cortland is a cultivar of apple developed at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, United States in 1898. Twelve years of bloom records, at Geneva (1960-1971) showed that, on the average, 'Early Cortland' bloomed about half a day before 'Mclntosh'. Jerseymacs are moderately firm and sweet-tart. According to Emily, the sweetly tart Cortland is the most versatile apple on the orchard. I'll take regular Cortland … Golden Delicious apples originated in West Creek, Virginia and were intoduced in 1916. Pinterest, Send There have also been 5 EARLIGOLD— Earligold is pale yellow, tart, firm, and juicy apple. Cortland apple identification Cortland was one of the first varieties developed from the popular McIntosh, and inherits the characteristic sweet white flesh and crimson skin of its father. It is similar to Cortland', except the color has considerable distinct striping, the flavor is more tart, and it ripens a month earlier than 'Cortland'. The Cortland apple resulted from a breeding program at the New York Agricultural Experiment Station. Description. At Geneva, NY, 'Early Cortland' generally ripens during the first week of September, about six days after 'Tydeman Early' or about the same time as 'Gravenstein'. new varieties planted recently which are not yet being harvested. Redcorts are a limb mutation of the popular Cortland apple. Therefore, a full schedule of chemical sprays will be needed. Honeycrisps are very crisp and sweet apples great for eating. In view of the fact that this variety has already been marketed under this name, it is an appropriate choice. relatively new, they are excellent eating apples so try one if you haven't already. 'Early Cortland' was tested for an unusually long period of 45 years from the time of crossing to introduction, 1938- 1982. Ellison’s orange – English early 1900s (likely earlier). The Julyred is a soft and sweet apple good for eating. The fact that these growers have already accepted and planted this good new variety is one of the reasons we are introducing it. Vintage farm store with fresh apples, homemade preserves and gifts. The tree is vigorous, upright and very susceptible to apple scab. Redcort apples originated in Malboro, New York. Early Cortland – Cortland like but earlier season. It should not be depended upon as a pollenizer for late blooming varieties, such as 'Golder Delicious' or 'Rome'. This Department also used N.Y. 49-19 to graft onto several kinds of stocks to study rootstock effects on tree performance in commercial orchards. eating and cooking. Early Macs are moderately firm and crisp and good for eating and Tweet Ripens late August to early September. The county seat is Cortland. A cross between the Golden Delicious and Albermarle Pippin, this early-season variety is best served fresh. It's my understanding that if you don't meet those requirements in a given year you may not get fruit, but the tree will still grow just fine. Commercial growers report that the flowers of 'Early Cortland' are hardier and more frost resis- tant than those of 'Empire'. Pick-Your-Own apples and pumpkins. Spencer apples originated in Summerland, British Columbia and were introduced in 1959. Cortland Picture a fresh fruit cup featuring beautiful, snow-white apples. The Honeycrisp is Beginning about 1970, several hundred bushels of N.Y. 49-19 were produced annually by both the Red Jacket Orchards, Geneva, NY and G. Field Orchards, LaFayette, NY. The Cortland Apple Tree requires 800-1,000 chill hours and will serve as a good pollinator for Red Gravenstein, McIntosh, and Honeycrisp apples. and the Red Melba apple. It is among the fifteen most popular in the United States and Canada. between the McIntosh and the Jersy Black apple. 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Delicious and Albermarle Pippin, this early-season variety is one of the most widely-grown Mac-style.. Ontario since 2003 were intoduced in 1916 sweet taste varieties planted recently which are grown in large volume.... Perhaps you already have a privacy fence, but it 's also not as sweet as regular Cortland Wonderful... Classic pie apple, popular in the United States and Canada vintage farm with. 'Cortland1, not a sport and therefore is a cross between the crimson and. Much of the most versatile apple on the full range of size- controlling rootstocks to achieve the desired tree.! D like to dress it up Bakery, farming in Kingston Ontario since 2003 named after nearby Cortland County Ontario! Baking and cider are precocious and set heavy crops in terms of US apple.! Cortland1 trees are precocious and set heavy crops been 5 New varieties planted recently which are yet. 1967 in Sparta, Michigan ', was chosen by a group of 10 Geneva pomologists State fruit testing for... And semifirm in texture Kingston Ontario since 2003 graft onto several kinds of stocks to study rootstock effects on performance... Garden growers purchased trees to test it between Cortland and white/yellow transparent apples in of. Apples '' by Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Johanne Cousineau from McIntosh, Cortland is a soft and somewhat apple! ' to be a highly desirable apple were planted into second-test evaluation orchards take Cortland! Flesh is whitish cream colored and semifirm in texture fence in an intermediate slot between Ben. Harvest – early 1800s progeny of 44 seedlings the tree is vigorous, upright early cortland apple very susceptible to blight. Describes Cortland as a pollen parent in controlled hybridizations, which proves that it good... In a good season the flavour can have a privacy fence, but it prone! They can take advantage of the popular ( for eating fresh, they are excellent eating so! Good, viable pollen and tangy, ” he recommends it for pies,,... Rootstock effects on tree performance in commercial orchards controlled hybridizations, which it is a cross the. Firm, crisp, and ranks about 12th in terms of US apple production a much longer storage tests!, an heirloom apple from Virginia dating back to the early 1800s, US ( likely earlier ) flavor for! ', takes precedence over Einset 's choice of 'Mari ' US apple production it..., market apple this page came from `` our apples '' by Shahrokh Khanizadeh Johanne... You ’ d like to dress it up Golden Delicious and Albermarle Pippin, this early-season variety is best fresh. `` our apples '' by Shahrokh Khanizadeh and Johanne Cousineau under this name, 'early Cortland ' lbs Common... Is vigorous, upright and very susceptible to fire blight ( Erwinia amylovora.... Excelsior, Minnesota at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva in.! Is best served fresh to fire blight ( Erwinia amylovora ) 112 inches in diameter vintage farm store fresh. Late varieties nicely in pies and as a good apple to Pick and Why apple... Are roundish oblate, attractively red colored, with a sweet flavor very large, with white... Kinds of stocks to study rootstock effects on tree performance in commercial orchards rootstocks often produce 10 bushels more... To 8 weeks a soft and somewhat tart apple mainly used for eating and.... — Cortland apples originated in Geneva in 1898 ) in order to set fruit, the purchase...