.../r/rab-shakeh.htm - 10k, Sennach'erib (13 Occurrences)... 2 Kings 18:13 Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king ofAssyria come up against all the fortified cities of Judah, and took them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 30:31For through the voice of Yahweh the Assyrian will be dismayed. The Pantheon.The chief gods of the Babylonian and Assyrian pantheon may now be characterized in turn.1. Meet King Pharaoh: Arrogant Egyptian Ruler, the Assyrian Empire stretched across the Persian Gulf, M.A., Christian Studies, Union University, B.A., English Literature, Wheaton College. Israel was subjugated by one of its monarchs in the period of the Judges, and during the reign of the kings the Assyrian power was an object of perpetual dread. 1120 Tiglath-pileser I., the greatest of the Assyrian kings, "crossed the Euphrates, defeated the kings of the Hittites, captured the city of Carchemish, and advanced as far as the shores of the Mediterranean." The Babylonians seem not to have attached so much importance to this after-existence as did the Egyptians, but they did practice burial and not cremation, and placed often with the dead articles which might be used in his future existence. <. Figs, olives, pomegranates, almonds, mulberries and vines were also cultivated as well as all kinds of grain. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 37:18Truly, Yahweh, the kings of Assyria have destroyed all the countries and their land,(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 37:21Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, "Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel,'Because you have prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria,(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 37:33Therefore thus says Yahweh concerning the king of Assyria,'He will not come to this city, nor shoot an arrow there, neither will he come before it with shield, nor cast up a mound against it. Attempts are made to imitate the rich detail and delicate finish of the ivory carvings; the background is filled in with a profusion of subjects, and there is a marked realism in the delineation of them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 38:6I will deliver you and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria, and I will defend this city. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Ezra 4:2then they drew near to Zerubbabel, and to the heads of fathers' houses, and said to them, Let us build with you; for we seek your God, as you do; and we sacrifice to him since the days of Esar Haddon king of Assyria, who brought us up here. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 17:23until Yahweh removed Israel out of his sight, as he spoke by all his servants the prophets. Sennacherib (704-681 B.C.) Portions of a "synchronous" history of Assyria and Babylonia have also been discovered, as well as fragments of two "Babylonian Chronicles" written from a Babylonian point of view. 2250 . SeeBABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA, RELIGION OF.XII. In contradistinction to Babylonia, which was a theocratic state, the king being subordinate to the priest, the Assyrian king was supreme. The Assyrians, whose height of power ran from 884 to 612 B.C., are considered the first world power in human history. Carchemish, the Hittite capital, was captured in 717 B.C., a revolt of the states in southern Palestine was suppressed in 711 B.C. Geography.The origin of the city (now Kala'at Shergat), which was built on the western bank of the Tigris between the Upper and Lower Zab, went back to pre-Sem times, and the meaning of the name was forgotten (see Genesis 2:14, where the Hiddekel or Tigris is said to flow on the eastern side of Asshur). While Babylonia, the southern kingdom, occupied the plain between Baghdad and the Persian Gulf, Assyria was generally bounded on the W by the Syrian desert, on the S by Babylonia and on the N and E by the Armenian and Persian hills. In these incantations we make the acquaintance of a large number of strange demons such as the rabisu, a demon that springs unawares on its victims; the labartu, which attacks women and children; and the lilu and the lilitu, to which reference has been made before, and the utuku, a strong demon.These incantations are for the most part a wretched jargon without meaning, and a sad commentary on the low position occupied by the religion which has attained such noble heights as that represented in the hymns and prayers. The rug, of which the Persian rug is the modern representative, was a Babylonian invention.IX. Discover 10 things to know about the Assyrian history, culture, and faith. Of or pertaining to Assyria, or to its inhabitants. Elam still remained independent and endeavored to stir up disaffection in Babylonia. Transliteration: Ashshuwr Phonetic Spelling: (ash-shoor') Short Definition: Asshur. The road to the West was thus again secured for the merchants of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. It is the region which mostly comprises the modern Kurdistan and the pashalik of Mosul. The earliest known to us are Auspia and Kikia, who bear Mitannian names. Therefore he has sent lions among them, and behold, they kill them, because they don't know the law of the god of the land. Second Period:The second period extends to the rise of the Chaldean empire under Nabopolassar, 625 B.C., and3. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 37:4It may be Yahweh your God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master has sent to defy the living God, and will rebuke the words which Yahweh your God has heard. after a siege of three years, and so put an end to the kingdom of Israel, carrying the people away into captivity, B.C. In B.C. After this the Assyrians gradually extended their power, subjugating the states of Northern Syria. Marduk:Marduk (in the Old Testament Merodach) is the city-god of Babylon where his temple was called E-sagila ("lofty house") and its tower E-teme nanki ("house of the foundation of heaven and earth"). EARLY HISTORYIII. Tiglath-pileser, moreover, tells us that Samas-Ramman son of Isme-Dagon had built a temple at Assur 641 years earlier, while Shalmaneser I places Samas-Ramman 580 years before his own reign and Erisu 159 years before Samas-Ramman, though Esar-haddon gives the dates differently. The early history of Assyria is involved in obscurity. When he was come into the house of his god, those who came forth from his own bowels killed him there with the sword. Sin5. It ceases to be a nation. The three tribes located east of Jordan had already been deported into Media by Tiglath-pileser, when he ravaged Israel to save Ahaz, and the kingdom of Judah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), Isaiah 36:8Now therefore, please make a pledge to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them. faced rebellion from Syro-Palestinian … Tammuz13. Asur was originally Asir, "the leader" in war, who is accordingly depicted as a warrior-god armed with a bow and who in the age when solar worship became general in Babylonia was identified with the sun-god. The discoveries of the past century have supplied us with a mass of information concerning this faith from which we have been able to secure a greater knowledge of it than of any other ancient oriental religion, except that of Israel. An immense mass of incantations, supposed to have the power of driving the demons out, has come down to us. The king, in fact, was the commander of an army, and this army was the Assyrian people. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Chronicles 30:6So the posts went with the letters from the king and his princes throughout all Israel and Judah, and according to the commandment of the king, saying, You children of Israel, turn again to Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that he may return to the remnant that have escaped of you out of the hand of the kings of Assyria. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 17:26Therefore they spoke to the king of Assyria, saying, "The nations which you have carried away, and placed in the cities of Samaria, don't know the law of the god of the land. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 18:14Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, "I have offended; return from me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Chronicles 32:11Doesn't Hezekiah persuade you, to give you over to die by famine and by thirst, saying, Yahweh our God will deliver us out of the hand of the king of Assyria? \"Erishum, the … His proper name in the later periods was gradually displaced by the appellativc Belu "lord," so that finally he was commonly spoken of as Bel, and his consort was called Belit. Shamash:The Sun-god, Shamash, ranks next after Sin in the second or later triad, and there can be no doubt that he was from the beginning associated with the sun in the heavens. Nineveh, however, was captured and the revolt suppressed after two years' duration by another son, Samas-Ramman IV, who shortly afterward, on his father's death, succeeded to the throne (824-812 B.C.). 722. From the Sumerians there flowed a great stream of religious ideas, subject indeed to modifications from time to time down the succeeding centuries. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV), 2 Kings 19:11Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly. Chalach. and hated sin, this was not given to them to conceive.The character of the gods changed indeed as the people who revered them changed. The few antiquities he discovered were contained in a single case in the British Museum, but the results of his researches were not published until 1836. The Bible mentions the nation of Assyria itself first in Genesis, where it says Nimrod went to the land of Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah and Resen . 45 The judge who renders a just decision Shall end in a palace, the place of princes shall be his dwelling. Third PeriodII. His wife is called Shala.12. was the next king, whose mother was Sammu-ramat (Semiramis). Thou hast created me, and hast entrusted to me dominion over mankind. Horses were imported from Cappadocia; ducks were kept, and mastiffs were employed in hunting.IV. Furthermore, as the religion was not only the faith of the king, but also the faith of the state itself, the progress of the commonwealth to greater power oftentimes carried some local god into a new relationship to other gods, or the decadence of the commonwealth deprived a god of some of his powers or attributes, so that even the distinctively political inscriptions have importance in helping us to reconstruct the ancient literature.III. 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