A chestnut tree starts yielding nuts at around 10 years old. go to Chestnut recipes. U.S. chestnut production is less than 1 percent of total world production. Now-a-days with the Internet and craigslist, etc, marketing your Christmas trees is … 43560/(30 x 30) = 48.4 trees per acre - rounding a little will make it a simple 50 for planning purposes In addition to purchasing chestnut trees you will also need grass seed, fertilizer and ground preparation. Assuming only 2000 pounds of nuts (up to 2800 lbs. As I was driving I was thinking. Empress trees mature several times faster than your average oak or pine and absorb about 103 tons of carbon a year per acre. Small conventionally produced nuts can go for $5 per pound at retail, while fresh local organic chestnuts can sell for upwards of $16.50 per pound. The chestnut was the primary mast crop food source for whitetails until all were wiped out nearly a century ago. In the shadier areas you could add high-value medicinal plants such as ginseng and goldenseal. Now, how many chestnut trees are in an acre? Local plants are adapted to local soils and climate and often have lower maintenance requirements. You could put a pawpaw tree underneath every chestnut tree. The full answer would be long and complicated. The 9th year rubber tree would give more rubber per kg, so the income would increase considerably every year.1 acre of rubber estate would have 150 to 200 rubber trees approximately. For instance, a stand of 6-inch DBH trees averaging 100 trees per acre does not contain the same volume of wood as 100 trees per acre of 16-inch DBH trees. How much land do I need and what will be the income per acre? I’m planting a them on 5 farms throughout the Hudson Valley, and landowners keep emailing asking if I can plant on their land too. The best university info on agroforestry comes from U of Missouri Center for Agroforestry www.centerforagroforestry.org, including a 12 page summary on chestnut growing. In the beginning of the Christian era, people probably started to realize the value and versatility of sweet chestnut wood, leading to a slow spread of the cultivation of C. sativa trees, a theory that is supported by pollen data and literary sources, as well as the increased use of sweet chestnut wood as poles and in supporting structures, wood works and pier building between A.D. 100 and 600. While a healthy acre of forest may have 30 trees or fewer, some now have 10 to 100 times that many. Given local conditions and markets, a maximum rate of return on investment of 5.65% was achieved at 400 stems per acre after 34 years. That being said, at right around 1500 trees per acre, a 10 acre piece will yield you 15,000 (20 acres 30,000) trees. So if you calculate one can earn (70*10*30) = 21,000 to (100*10*30)=30,000 every month. Also, like other fruiting trees, chestnut trees will produce more nuts per tree or per acre if the trees are pruned in ways that maximize nut production. If there’s a glut of local organic chestnuts, I can imagine the price dropping a bit. Having a mixed orchard of walnut trees and another crop has been reported to result in lower yields than having pure nut orchards. That means that over it’s lifetime, each tree will average about 20 pounds of chestnuts per year. I am sorry that I can’t point you to university research documenting all of these figures, but there just aren’t any universities doing this. Chestnut trees particularly flourish in the Mediterranean basin. Depending on how they are marketed, prices range from $1.50 to $6.00 per lb. Seedlings, 1 to 2 feet tall, are considerably less, at about $3.50 each. Many native broadleaf trees will grow in difficult areas with little or no fertiliser. Let’s assume the low end at 1,000 pounds. Pecan trees get very large – more than 80 feet tall, with a spread of 50 feet wide or more. Credit: Jill Jennings / WTML. Myth #2 - Chinese chestnut trees out produce European - casual research indicates the best producing Chinese chestnut tree orchards east of the Rocky Mountains produce about 1200 lbs per acre. Dunstan Chestnuts can get large, as much as 60’ tall and 40’ wide. The closer these trees are planted to each other, the less pruning you will have to do. If for each additional tree planted per acre the average yield per tree drops 2 pounds, how many trees should be planted to maximize the yield per acre? They are not suitable for the small backyard. should be attainable) at direct wholesale pricing of only $2.50 per pound (we currently sell for $3.50 per pound) amounts to $5000.00 per acre. They videoed the conference. Chestnut trees typically produce pollen before they are mature enough to produce chestnuts. – (it's winter my identification might be off) In Iowa, the nuts wholesale for $2 to $3 per pound, so the 10 acres should generate $70K to $120K per year. Return for an acre with 150 trees. A half a century ago, they knew the value of planting high value trees for the future. If cashew production is to be your sole source of income, you will need to plant at least 200 ha of trees and be prepared to employ permanent staff. The USFS policy of fire suppression had an early and ironic start. All existing trees in the openings should be cut. Many communities owe their origin and former richness to the ensuing chestnut woods. The USDA does not report statistics on … Looking at a new property which has some large trees (beech, horse chestnut, sycamore) several elder, two hazelnuts, 4 apple trees,(could be a pear in there) what looks like a Mirabelle plum and many other small trees like holy, sumac etc. While the chances of an American chestnut variety becoming a timber tree again is likely decades away, Stehli said, there is money to be made in chestnuts. You will find the same details in our chestnut primer (available on this website for down load). Hybrid chestnut. Easier to maintain. Castanea sativa, the sweet chestnut, Spanish chestnut or just chestnut, is a species of tree in the family Fagaceae, native to Southern Europe and Asia Minor, and widely cultivated throughout the temperate world. I've got a dozen chestnut trees that are now about 15 years old (they've been producing for 7 or 8 years now) and my bees rarely bother with them. Many communities owe their origin and former richness to the ensuing chestnut woods. I am small farmer with abundant local markets, so I’ll assume a mid-range price of $10.00 per pound. A hundred acres would be worth $254,160,000 and 1,000 acres would be valued at $2,541,600,000. An abandoned orchard of fruitwood was sold for $300,000 Euros in France last year. A mature forest has 100 trees per acre. Chestnut trees can be grown on land too hilly or poor for other crops, and produce 2,000 to 3,000 pounds of nuts per acre. Basically I just mow (or graze) the orchard, prune in the winter, and harvest. As you could probably guess, the most important component in my agroforestry system is chestnuts. And click the (Follow) button for notifications when I write something new. If I decide to sell wholesale, getting $5.00 per pound is not unreasonable. Looking at a new property which has some large trees (beech, horse chestnut, sycamore) several elder, two hazelnuts, 4 apple trees,(could be a pear in there) what looks like a Mirabelle plum and many other small trees like holy, sumac etc. 5. Recent studies have shown even modern deer that have never encountered them in the wild prefer chestnuts over acorns 100:1. It covers hardiness zones, drainage needs, Ph requirements and more for chestnut trees. For example, a White Oak Tree Plantation averaging 200 one hundred foot by 36 inch diameter trees per acre would be worth $2,541,600 at today's prices. In contrast, the average corn crop yields 160 bushels per acre in New York and at a current price of under $4.00 per bushel equals only $640 per acre. We need to figure out how we are going to feed billions of people, without any topsoil left. Information from the conference is available. What and Where to Prune After you get your tree into the shape you want, all you need to do is maintain it. 10 acres of chestnuts, well managed on a good site, should be able to produce 3,500 to 4,000 lbs per acre of nuts, for a total of 35,000 to 40,000 lbs on the 10 acres. Because it takes time for a fungal spore to find each tree, many of these mother trees will survive long enough to produce viable flowers. If you don’t like reading, enjoy the video: Tom Wahl spoke on site selection and care of chestnut trees at the Chestnut conference in Letts, Iowa on February 11, 2017. This gives you approximately 440 trees per acre. How to Plant Chestnut Trees for Deer By Josh Honeycutt author of Brow Tines and Backstrap August 10, 2018. In Florida, Chestnut Hill Tree Farm, a major source of planting stock for the hybrid Dunstan chestnut, reports that Dunstans can produce 2,000–4,000 pounds of nuts per acre per year at maturity. Yields range from 1,500 to 3,000 shelled pounds per acre per year. These planting distances result in 182 trees per acre or 450 trees per hectare. At 20" diameter, crop trees (either planted or in the woods) should have 35' of space between them, leaving about 36 per acre, plus under-growth shrubs and saplings. acre to 1 acre, with larger openings preferred in older, taller stands. The least Forecasted returns for the first 10 years in a one acre land is as follows. This is usually referred to as the mean annual increment or MAI. A substantial, long-lived deciduous tree, it produces an edible seed, the chestnut, which has been used in cooking since ancient times. Plan on fertilizing the chestnut trees in the first year. Convert the amount of trees per acre to trees per hectare. Hazels require similar annual input costs as corn, and organic sustainability should be readily achievable as the hazel tree is native unlike most annual crops grown. With 200 ready-to-harvest trees per acre, that’s $14,800. That’s a LOT less work than our permaculture apple orchard, or almost any of the other crops we grow. This 42-acre farm will hopefully be a model for many … Chestnuts bear on the outer growth each year, and so maximizing sunlight around the tree increases overall production. As stated above, a single hive needs about one acre of land to support itself. The United States imported 3,200 metric tons of chestnuts in 2017. When in full production, chestnuts will yield 1,000 to 4,000 lb per acre. How long until NY has a million dollar chestnut economy? Labeling the tree positions is followed by digging and opening the holes. Let’s get a few thousand acres into chestnuts in the next few years, and generate some fresh income for farmers and rural communities. If trees within a row are 20 feet apart and the rows are 12 feet apart (12 X 20 or 20 X 12), trees are growing at a density of roughly 182 trees per acre (see Table 2). When in full production, chestnuts will yield 1,000 to 4,000 lb per acre. This video is 1 hour and 20 minute long. Find out all about it here.Also, how many fruit trees can you plant on an acre? $15,000 of revenue per tree sounds pretty good to me! The USFS policy of fire suppression had an early and ironic start. In 1584, the governor of Genoa, which dominated Corsica, ordered all the farmers and landowners to plant four trees yearly, among which was a chestnut tree – plus olive, fig and mulberry trees. The trees also require fertilizer on a monthly basis beginning in April and continuing through harvest, about 1/2 a pound of urea or 25 pounds of manure per application per tree. This figure comes from my own personal experience in growing and marketing chestnuts, plus yield data from the University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry and from Kansas State University. Empress trees mature several times faster than your average oak or pine and absorb about 103 tons of carbon a year per acre. Hybrid chestnut. Over 50 years of crops, that means each tree will yield 1,000 pounds of chestnuts. Fertilizing is being suggested because most soils have some deficiencies. Pawpaws are natural understory trees and can produce 50% to 75% of a full crop even in fairly heavy shade. With the spacing I use in my plantings on various landowners’ properties, I start with ~50 trees per acre. Seedlings, 1 to 2 feet tall, are considerably less, at about $3.50 each. CHESTNUTS The American Chestnut was once the dominant tree in hardwood forests until the chestnut blight fungus destroyed it over 100 years ago. They're doing 40 per square meter! Number of trees per acre for various common planting spacings In fact, 100 trees per acre is the minimum to be classified as a forest in a particular program, and that's in Southern California, which is especially sparse land for trees. (They may produce sooner, but I’ll be conservative here.) This is done to speed the accumulation of biomass per acre rather than produce large individual trees. The standard thinking is that you can get a cord of wood per acre per year. Recently Tom Wahl made a claim on the Practical Farmers of Iowa list serve that 16 families could make a living farming on 160 acres using an agroforestry system. Working in the poplar lab, I learned that you could get three or four times that much (by weight) with selected trees in row crop style plantations, on 5 to 10 year rotations. I have been telling people for years that one reasonably fit adult should be able to manage 10 acres of chestnuts by his or herself (labor for harvesting being the limiting factor). Trees are planted in the fall in Michigan with an estimated cost of $61.20/acre based on tart cherry estimates. This will offer a head start to the restoration effort, as there will be American chestnut trees capable of receiving pollen from their transgenic counterparts … Some chestnut trees can live to more than a 100 years old. Researchers have developed several blight-resistant chestnut varieties that combine the best qualities of American and Chinese chestnut trees that can be grown in most areas of the U.S. Once in production, a chestnut orchard will yield 1,000–2,000 pounds per acre per year. This gives you approximately 440 trees per acre. Researchers have developed several blight-resistant chestnut varieties that combine the best qualities of American and Chinese chestnut trees that can be grown in most areas of the U.S. On the ground, in the more exposed areas, you could grow perennial vegetables such as asparagus, rhubarb, and horse radish. In contrast, the average corn crop yields 160 bushels per acre in New York and at a current price of under $4.00 per bushel equals only $640 per acre. This would be for a “mature” level of production, but that can be reached in 12 to 15 years from the initial planting. There were once billions of them and their range stretched from Georgia and Alabama to Michigan, but the majestic tree was gone before forest science existed to document its role in the ecosystem. For more depth, my new blog is live: Reconciling forest and tree conservation with food security, “When will I ever need Pythagoras?” — an honest response, [Badiou and Science] 1.4.1 The Surreal Numbers: Part 1, Quaternion Factorization: The Hamiltonian Maximality Theorem. While a healthy acre of forest may have 30 trees or fewer, some now have 10 to 100 times that many. That sounded really low to me, so I did some googling and found numbers more along the lines of 300-400 per acre. 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