Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedonby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336-283 B.C. Books Demetrius, leading the cavalry and after an initial success, may have charged too deep into the enemy and exposed his father’s flank to an attack from Seleucus’ elephants. Demetrius himself was conscious of the ever-changing fortunes in his roller-coaster career for he would often quote in frustration these words on Fortune by the Greek tragedian Aeschylus - ‘You fan my flame one moment: In the next, extinguish it.’ (Plutarch, 365), Related Content Earlier Established Forms Antonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Noun 1. Demetrius I of Macedon ... Media in category "Demetrius I Poliorcetes" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. Perhaps with his resources never quite matching his ambition, Demetrius did not live up to his early promise and died without an army or an empire. Demetrius gained his title of ‘Besieger of Cities’ when he blockaded Rhodes for a year. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE, Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedon. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Demetrius’ fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron. Demetrius I Poliorcetes (literally, “the besieger of the city”). Together they had two children Stratonice and Antigonus II Gonatas. He, thus, describes, like an actor, Demetrius’ taste in dress: ...there was something intensely theatrical about Demetrius. Cartwright, Mark. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Demetrius I of Macedon is the most famous person named Demetrius. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Demetrius in the end of his reign defended his domain from the tribal peoples of the north. License. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Demetrius I (Demetrius Poliorcetes) dĭmē´trēəs pŏl˝ēôrsē´tēz [ key], c.337–283 BC, king of Macedon. Ancient History Encyclopedia. During their careers they met with prodigious triumphs and disasters, conquered great empires and as easily lost them. He finally surrendered to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia (285) and died there (283). 016: To the Strongest - The 3rd War of the Diadochi & the Babylonian War - Duration: 29:55. Ptolemy offered a peace deal in 287 BCE, and Demetrius set his sights on Asia Minor and Seleucus. His son, Antigonus II Antigonus II (Antigonus Gonatas) , c.320–239 B.C., king of Macedon, son of Demetrius I. Demetrius was a member of the Antigonid dynasty and took an active part in the struggle of the Diadochi. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. In 229 BCE Demetrius concentrated all his forces on countering this new threat. From his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes (305) he won the title Poliorcetes (“the Besieger”). Updates? Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. ; died circa 283 B.C. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Demetrius. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Cite This Work Unfortunately, the statue was toppled by an earthquake in 228 or 226 BCE. Rhodes, a strategically important island throughout antiquity, was a particularly prosperous trade centre in Hellenistic times and an ally of Ptolemy. Noun 1. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294288 BC). Demertius I of Macedon: the king of Macedon who fought during the Babylonian Wars! Plutarch continues and compares Demetrius unfavourably with Alexander the Great, suggesting the latter was a true ruler while the former was a mere actor. His descendants remained in possession of the Macedonian throne till the time of Perseus, when Macedon was conquered by the Romans in 168 BC. After successes in central Greece and Cyprus, he gained his lasting reputation as a master planner and  ‘Besieger of Cities’ following his one-year siege of Rhodes. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCEby Javierfv1212 (Public Domain). Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. Roman copy from 1st century AD of a Greek original from 3rd century BC. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Consolidating his control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded Thebes. Price-2148 corr. HM George I's 60-Great Grandfather. King of Macedonia from 306 to 286 (with interruptions). https://www.britannica.com/biography/Demetrius-I-Poliorcetes, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Demetrius I Poliorcetes (336-283). Demetrius campaigned in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he removed the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeated Sparta. In 303 BCE the city of Sicyon in the Peloponnese surrendered on the mere sight of Demetrius’ formidable siege engines, and in 302 BCE the League of Corinth was resurrected which would prove useful one year later. "Demetrius I of Macedon." The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty , which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. AR drachm (17mm, 3.90 gm, 12h). Demetrius I of Macedon (337-283 BC) fought and was victorious at the Battle of Salamis, where he defeated another Diadochi of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy I of Egypt, as a reult, he destroyed the Egyptian navy. Demetrius Poliorcetes synonyms, Demetrius Poliorcetes pronunciation, Demetrius Poliorcetes translation, English dictionary definition of Demetrius Poliorcetes. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in … The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Marriage and family. When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek... Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in, Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given, When his army deserts him Demetrius I flees, Demetrius I surrenders to Seleucus I and lives as a prsioner for three years until his, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Demetrius had more success against Cassander back on the Greek mainland in 304 BCE when he and his father extended their influence to include Aetolia and Boeotia. Cartwright, Mark. What are synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon? Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). "Demetrius I of Macedon." Then, growing ever more ambitious, Demetrius sought to reclaim the Asian territories his father had once controlled. The Hellenistic Age History Podcast 17 views Born: 274 BC Died: 229 BC. Early posthumous issue under Demetrius I Poliorcetes (306-283 BC), struck circa 295/4 BC. Argaeus I Of Macedon Wikiwand. Demetrius I of Macedonby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Once again Demetrius was magnanimous in victory for he "not only buried the enemy’s dead with full honours but he also set his prisoners free (Plutarch, 348)". As a reward for this great victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, from now on, be joint king with him. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. (371). The rising military star shone even brighter when he famously defeated Ptolemy’s fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus in 306 BCE. Demetrius I is infamous in Jewish history for his victory over the Maccabees, killing Judas Maccabaeus in Nisan, 160 BC. CNG 99, Lot 86. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachmcoin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Demetrius I Poliorcetes, (born 336 bc, Macedonia—died 283, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), king of Macedonia from 294 to 288 bc. Then in yet another marriage of convenience, he made a treaty with Ptolemy. A battle with the Dardanians turned out disastrously, and he died shortly afterwards, leaving Philip, his son by Chryseis, still a child. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Find out more about the greatest Greek Emperors & Kings, including Alexander the Great, Leonidas I, Philip II of Macedon, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Constantine II of Greece Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the ‘Besieger’ (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great’s empire in the ‘Successor Wars’. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Demetrius acquired his surname of Soter, or Savior, from the Babylonians, whom he delivered from the tyranny of the Median satrap, Timarchus. However, the first time he took sole command of an army did not go well, he lost in a battle against Ptolemy I and Seleucus I Nikator in Gaza in 312 BCE. 24 Dec 2020. He was, according to Plutarch, buried at the city he had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly. However, with his army devastated by plague and famine, he was forced to surrender once again in 285 BCE. Demetrius did make some amends with successes in the region in 311/310 BCE. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC, he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League, but his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 23 Mar 2016. Immediately after the murder of Alexander V, the nobles present—members of Alexander’s court, now surrounded by Demetrius’s forces—agreed to his kingship, and he was duly acclaimed by the assembled army. HRE Ferdinand I's 56-Great Grandfather. 2 synonyms for Demetrius Poliorcetes: Demetrius, Demetrius I. Poss. Born circa 337 B.C. Demetrius I of Macedon. For in 301 BCE the Antigonids were defeated at the Battle of Ipsus in central Phrygia by Lysimachus and Seleucus I. to take refuge with Seleucus, who held him until he died. He possessed an elaborate wardrobe of hats and cloaks, broad-brimmed hats with double mitres and robes of purple interwoven with gold, while his feet were clad in shoes of the richest purple felt embroidered with gold. The grail was his: Demetrius was king of Macedon. Demetrius, once heir to a great empire and King of Macedon for seven years, died a prisoner of Seleucus, albeit, one kept in a gilded cage. `Osawatomie' Brown's 66-Great Grandfather. Demetrius Poliorcetes - son of Antigonus Cyclops and king of Macedonia; he and his father were defeated at the battle of Ipsus (337-283 BC) The huge battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants. Marble portrait bust of Demetrius I of Macedon, also called Poliorcetes, "The Besieger" (336-283 BCE), Roman copy from the 1st century CE of a Greek original from the 3rd century BCE (Naples National Archaeological Museum). On Demetrius’ character Plutarch, comparing him with Rome’s Mark Antony, said, Both men were redoubtable womanizers, drinkers and fighters, both were open-handed, extravagant and arrogant, and these resemblances were reflected in the similarity of their fortunes. Corrections? The ‘Besieger’, then, was a victim of his times, an age when rulers without lands or rulers with lands but no particular ancestral ties to them, squabbled for the pieces of Alexander’s broken empire. Demetrius kept a foothold in Greece and in 294 reoccupied Athens and established himself as king of Macedonia, but in 288 he was driven out by his rivals Lysimachus and Pyrrhus. He then set his sights on the Macedonian throne, which he claimed in 294 BCE with the help of Phila and after murdering Alexander V. Demetrius then established a new Macedonian capital in Magnesia in southern Thessaly, Demetrias. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. Demetrius I — may refer to: Demetrius I Soter (born 185 BC, reign 161 150 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire Demetrius I of Macedon (337 283 BC), king of Macedon Demetrius I of Bactria, Greco Bactrian king (reigned c. 200 180 BC) Demetrius I of… … Antigonus was killed and Demetrius retreated to the Isthmus of Corinth. For this purpose, he built a massive fleet of 500 ships. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty . invaded Macedon he was forced (285 B.C.) Demetrius, still in control of such important cities as Cyprus, Corinth, and Ephesos, was offered a way back into the chaotic political theatre of the Successor Wars when his daughter Stratonice married Seleucus and in return Demetrius was given Cilicia c. 299 BCE. Last modified March 23, 2016. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …support of his brilliant son Demetrius (336–283), known as Poliorcetes, or Besieger, who ousted the other Demetrius and restored the democracy and eventually the League of Corinth; he was hymned with divine honours and given the Parthenon as his palace. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). However, in 288 BCE, when his army realised that Lysimachus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Pyrrhus were all marching on Macedon, they refused to take the field and Demetrius was forced to flee south. (336). Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒli.ɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian Greek nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Web. Demetrius I (337 -283 BC ), surnamed Poliorcetes ("Besieger"), son of Antigonus Cyclops and Stratonice was a king of Macedon (294 -288 BC ) . https://www.ancient.eu/Demetrius_I_of_Macedon/. The Antigonids were treated as liberating heroes by the Athenians and given all manner of honours, including their own cults. Recalled by his father from Greece, he fought in the Battle of Ipsus, in which his father was killed and lost much of his empire (301). 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