This was because Julius the architect and the driving force behind the League and when he died the French were able to retrieve their position in Italy. This Council despite its good intentions did not manage to achieve much because behind it Julius II died before many of the intended reforms could be implemented. Furthermore, for the first time in many years, a Pope had full control of the Papal States. Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere, b. This was convened to eradicate corruption in the Church and to end the many abuses in the Papal government. He was eager to extend the power of the Papacy after years of decline. [16] Julius also paid Raphael to paint four rooms in the Vatican, that are widely considered to be his masterpieces. In order to curb the growing power of the French he formed a new alliance, that became known as the Holy League. What was the role of the Popes in the Renaissance? Pope Julius II and Patronage Pope Julius II spent his career collecting and commissioning great works of art. He stabilized the Papal States and held the French Empire at bay. Julius II was one of the greatest Renaissance Popes. [11] Later that year, Julius personally led an attack on the French held town of Mirandola, which he captured. In this, his interest in the arts would play an integral role. He also became involved in the political side of the Church, and in 1480 he was made legate to France, where he acquitted himself well. Rafaello's brother Francesco was a learned Franciscan scholar, who was made a cardinal in 1467. This criticism is probably unfair because had Julius lived, he would have been more effective at limiting their power. Despite all his efforts at reforming the Church, his untimely death stalled his reform efforts. Julius, actually was not interested in Venice's complete defeat. He was well aware that the Church was corrupt and sought to dramatically reform it. Julius issued bulls (orders) that forbade simony (the selling of Church offices) and reformed many monastic orders. Raphael, Pope Julius II Pope Julius II aggressively pursued a nationalist policy in Italy; to drive out the French and the Spanish and to unite Italy under papal rule as a major player in international politics. Since many antiquities were unearthed in or near Rome, popes were well situated to become serious collectors of ancient art; Julius II, for instance, took charge of both the Apollo Belvedere and Laocoön sculptures after they came to light. Julius was too ill to savor his victory and in the end, the victory of the Holy Alliance was not as decisive as he had hoped. In 1494 the French invaded Italy and occupied the Kingdom of Naples. He was also a shrewd diplomat and capable politician. Shaw's biography is sympathetic towards Julius II without being an apology for him. Cesare was effectively powerless without the support of his army and fled to Naples, where Julius managed to persuade the local ruler to imprison him. In Julius is Excluded from Heaven, Erasmus takes on a satirical tone to denounce Pope Julius’ actions and more widely, criticizes Roman Catholicism’s recent state of affairs. The painting of the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo and of various rooms by Raphael in the Apostolic Palace are considered among the masterworks that mark the High Renaissance in Rome. Julius may have been more concerned with the recovery and expansion of papal territory, but in the process he helped forge an Italian national consciousness. He proved to be an able administrator and helped to reform the government of the Papal States. He was enormously successful in keeping Italy together politically and militarily. Giuliano Della Rovere thenceforth took the name of his fourth-century predecessor, Julius I, and was pope for nine years, from 1503 to 1513. La Fornarina. He was known as "the Warrior Pope." That same year he created the Holy League which was composed of the Swiss Cantons, Spain, several Italian City-States and Venice. Nicholas V. What did Pope Nicholas do for Rome? [4], It is not clear why Cesare allowed Julius to become Pope. Pope Julius II was a towering figure in Italian and European politics. As pope, Julius gave the highest priority to the restoration of the Papal States. He also became known as "the warrior pope" and il papa terribile. Julius II became concerned even before the Cambrai League’s victory at Agnadello of the growing power of the French. The French king, Francis I was a hugely ambitious monarch and had direct or indirect control of large areas of the north of Italy. The arts the Papacy and the power of the Papal States Venetians had encouraged vassals of the Armies. 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