12 terms. Covenant – solemn agreement with God. Christianity. ), the generation of sages, beginning with Hillel and Shammai, that created the Mishnah, a place to worship God; in Judaism only one temple was allowed for the worship of God in Jerusalem, whereas each Jewish community would have a synagogue for study and prayers, a day of mourning to commemorate tragedies affecting the Jewish people, particularly the fal of the First and Second Temples in Jerusalem, in the Hassidic tradition, a "righteous man," as powerful as the rabbi in a traditional Talmudic community, bu revered for mystical piety and devotion, not Talmudic scholarship. Maimonides was a famous Jewish teacher of the 12th century.He listed thirteen of the main beliefs in Judaism. This glossary of Jewish words and their definitions mirrors—in microcosm—a sweep of Jewish life. bihleoniee … The search engine will attempt to eliminate unnecessary words in your searches, and adjust your spelling of Hebrew and Yiddish terms to match the way I spell those terms in the glossary and index, to increase the likelihood of getting complete and accurate results. There are many sects of Judaism but the two main types are Sepharic and Ashkenazic. The Torah and the Talmud are two of the most important sacred texts in the Jewish tradition, although the Torah is one of the most used texts for everyday practice. Another “sect" of Christianity—the Amish—believe many of the same core things but their interpretation of the right way to live based on the same texts is different. Judaism is the oldest of the three Abrahamic religions, the other two are Christianity and Islam, which all share the same origin.This is one of the many interesting facts about Judaism. The roots of this tradition are in a sacred oil which was a miracle as it burned for eight nights. Another important practice is that of selecting kosher food. Jews whose traditions originated in central and eastern Europe, the rite of passage for boys whereby they become full members of the religion of Judaism who are able to read and interpret the Torah, the cutting of the foreskin of the penis as a sign of the covenant of Abraham, the dispersion of a religious people outside their geographic homeland, where they must live as a minority among others, the scriptures of a Rabbinic Judaism, composed of the written Torah (Tanak) and the oral Torah (Talmud), commentary on the oral Torah, recorded in the Mishnah, the commandments of God revealed in the Tanak and commented on in the Talmud; the word means "to walk in the way of God by obeying his commands or laws", Jewish ultra,Orthodox movements that reject all modernist forms of Judaism, a form of Judaism emerging in the eighteenth century, focused on the piety and joy, with strong roots in Jewish mysticism, either Jews as a religious people or that land and state of Israel, depending on the context, Jewish mysticism: the most important Kabbalistic work is the Zohar; for Kabbalists, God is the En Sof, the limitless or infinite, who manifests himself in the world through his Shekinah, or "divine presence" in all things; the reunion of all with the infinite through mystical contemplation will bring about nothing less than the messianic kingdom, what is suitable or fit, used specifically in reference to foods permitted by Jewish dietary laws, the Jews of Spain who were forced to convert to Christianity during the Inquisition but secretly continued to practice their faith, the commandments of God requiring deeds of loving kindness, a rabbi is a teacher; the name came to designate the Judaism of the dual Torah created by the Pharisees, which came to be normative in the premodern period, Jews whose traditions originated in Spain and Portugal, the essential declaration of monotheistic faith as found in Judaism: "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is One", a community centered on the study of the Torah and prayer to God; the buildings used to house these activities also came to be known as synagogues, the oral Torah; there are two Talmuds: the Bavli (Talmud of Babylonia) and the Yerushalmi (the Jerusalem Talmud); the former is considered the more comprehensive and authoritative, the written Torah, or Hebrew Bible, made up of the Torah (the first five books from Genesis to Deuteronomy), Neviim (the prophets and historical writings such as Jeremiah and I and II Kings), and Ketuvim (the wisdom writings, suchs as Proverbs, Job, etc. coolkidlivs. © articlemyriad.com. Havdallah – Blessing which ends the Sabbath. Judaism makes the bold argument that the very concept of a religion of ‘Judaism’ is an invention of the Christian church. Christianity Origins Flashcard Deck Information. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'articlemyriad_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',341,'0','0']));History of Key Sacred Texts. Term Definition; Abraham: Founder of the Jewish … Yet the texts in which these terms are used are not entirely unambiguous; the idea … Many current estimates predict that 6 million Jewish people died in the Holocaust in Nazi Germany. Challah bread – special bread for the Sabbath. Mapping the Post Modern - Key Figures and Key Terms; Judaism Test 1; Jewish History - Rabbinic and Medieval Period, Judaism and Christianity; Judaism 2 and Christianity; Judaism test review; Judaism Religion final; Section 2.5- The Roots of Judaism; RELG 207 - JUDAISM; G322 film industry key media terms Flashcards; Acids and Bases key terms It is in Jerusalem that one can find many of the important sites depicted in the Torah and in Jewish tradition. Readers will note some dual terms: bas mitzvah/bat mitzvah; b’ris/b’rit; Shabbos/Shabbat; tallis/tallit. Judaism Indian Hinduism Sikhism Buddhism Other Beliefs & Religions Alternative Religions Angels & Miracles Atheism & Agnosticism New Age & Metaphysical ... Key Terms. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. If they are useful to you, please review! ; often times written in a secret code and spoke about a dramatic end of the world. The Jewish faith is expanding and the Jewish community is still healing from the wounds of the Holocaust. There are many sacred practices in Judaism for ordinary practicing Jewish people. The Nation of Israel Arguments based on observation. These were called the “Principles of Faith.” God is the Maker and the King of the world. To better understand the differences between, for example, Christianity and Judasim, we wanted to spell out some of the key features of the Jewish religion. Ancient Hebrew Kingdoms Vocabulary. Sacred Practices A covenant is a relationship based on certain principles and ideas that provide the terms of a relationship. Judaism Key Terms. Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. The people who lived in these ghettos were eventually led to concentration camps where many died. Many other works, such as the Talmud, for instance, deal with more specific matters of Jewish law, for instance and are used by rabbis. Circumcision – removal of the foreskin. 10 Commandments Judaism teaches that G-d gave the Jews 613 commandments, not merely ten.The biblical passage known to most people as the "Ten Commandments" is known to … Literally, it means ‘tied’ in Hebrew. As a result of intensely racially and ethnically motivated propaganda, political and social action, and massive brutality, Jewish people throughout Europe were rounded up and forced to live in “ghettos" which were communities of all Jewish people. 45 terms. Ron Geaves. To help you put this in perspective, think about Christianity. Oh no! Learn about the history and traditions of the Jewish faith with our KS2 Judaism resources for RE students. bihleoniee PLUS. Even though many people think of this holiday first, it is not one of the most important for Jewish people. 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