Honor or memorial gifts are an everlasting way to pay tribute to someone who has touched your life. Their first major engagement being Shiloh, Tennessee. Will H. Martin, made an unsuccessful attempt to capture the Federal gunboat Pocahontas, on the Potomac. “Marching Song of the First Arkansas Colored Regiment: A Contested Attribution.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 66 (Winter 2007): 401–421. During its history, 1,213 men and officers served in the Forty-sixth Regiment U.S. The CALS Foundation is a 501(c)(3) organization. First Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment (African Descent) (US), Civil War through Reconstruction (1861 - 1874). Marching Song (Of The First Arkansas Negro Regiment)/テネシー・アーニー・フォードの音楽ダウンロード・試聴・スマホ対応の高音質な音楽をお探しならヤマハの「mysound」! 収録アルバム『Sings Civil War Songs Of The North』 They will be mustered into the service at Lynch- burg, but transportation and subsistence will be provided from the point of departure. 1st Arkansas Infantry Regiment Field and Staff Co. A—“The El Dorado Sentinals” of Union County. Currently in the collection of the Old State House Museum, Little Rock, Arkansas. Hargrove, Hondon B. First Arkansas Marching Song Oh, we’re the bully soliders of the “First of Arkansas,” We are fighting for the Union, we are fighting for the law, We can hit a Rebel further than a white man every saw, As we go marching on. On 12 April, Confederate forces under General P. G. T. Beauregard bombarded Fort Sumter, forcing its capitulation. [31] On 26 April 1865, the regiment was present with the Army of Tennessee when it surrendered in Greensboro, North Carolina. Further, Governor Rector agreed to arm and equip the regiment when it rendezvoused at Little Rock Arsenal. As secession loomed in the spring of 1861, thousands of Arkansas men enrolled in volunteer companies and offered their services to the Confederacy. In May 1865, the regiment was moved to Brownsville, Texas, where it served until mustered out on January 30, 1866. It was here at the Hornet’s Nest that the 1st Arkansas suffered appalling losses - 39 killed, 122 wounded, 8 missing and 5 captured. Lincoln announced in September 1862 that effective January 1, 1863, all slaves in Confederate territory would be free. Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, First Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Accessed 10 January 2010. Encyclopedia of Arkansas Major support provided through a partnership with the Arkansas Department of Parks & Tourism. Check out Marching Song (Of The First Arkansas Negro Regiment) by Tennessee Ernie Ford on Amazon Music. [citation needed], The 1st Arkansas would go on to take part in the Battle of Murfreesboro,[18] the Battle of Chickamauga, the Battles for Chattanooga, and the Siege of Atlanta. For a short time the Union and Confederate soldiers helped remove the wounded and put out the fires. The unit was composed mainly of militia units called to service by Colonel Solon F. Borland in response to an anticipated invasion of Northeast Arkansas in the fall of 1861. The 1st Arkansas Infantry (1861–1865) was a Confederate Army infantry regiment during the American Civil War.The regiment was raised in April 1861 by Colonel Thompson B. Flournoy. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1887; digital images, (, United States. Black Union Soldiers in the Civil War. The remaining members of Companies E and G, along with the rest of the regiment, later saw service at Haynes’ Bluff, Mississippi, and skirmished with the enemy in January 1864. check amazon for Marching Song (of The First Arkansas Negro Regiment) mp3 download these lyrics are submitted by kaan browse other artists under T:T2 T3 T4 T5 … Honors lettering on the field above the disc is 2 1/2" tall Capital Romans: RICHMOND, KY, TUNNELL HILL, LIBERTY GAP, RINGGOLD GAP. The other officers of the consolidated regiment were Major Alexander T. Meek, of the 2nd/24th Arkansas, Captain Mordecai P. Garrett and Sergeant Major Thomas Benton Moncrief of the 15th Arkansas. 100 Rock Street Little Rock, AR. The first time you log in to our catalog you will need to create an account. His first regiment was mustered into service on May 1, 1863, as the First Arkansas Volunteers of African Descent, designated the Forty-sixth Regiment U.S. [citation needed], Following that battle, they were reorganized[16] and received replacements, then were assigned to Army of Mississippi for the upcoming Kentucky Campaign, the 1st Arkansas was assigned to Colonel Samuel Powel's 3rd Brigade of Brigadier General James Patton Anderson's 2nd Division of Major General William Joseph Hardee's Corps. The flag measured 59" by 110", with a circle of eight stars, with a ninth star in the center of the circle. [citation needed], On 5 May 1861, Lieutenant Sydney S. Gause, of the local volunteer militia company, the "Jackson County", received a 1st National Flag Pattern flag, bearing a blue panel on the white stripe, with the words, "LADIES OF JACKSONPORT TO THE JACKSON GUARDS". B. Johnson. [26] The consolidated regiment numbered 300 rifles and sustained 66% casualties during the Battle of Franklin.[27]. Ten such companies—raised in Union, Clark, Ouachita, Jefferson, Saline, Jackson, Arkansas, and Drew counties—were organized as the First Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment and were transferred to Lynchburg, Virginia. For more information, contact 501-918-3025 or calsfoundation@cals.org. Tennessee Ernie Ford Sings Civil War Songs Of The North A … Governor Rector initially responded that he had no power to comply with the Confederate request but he expected the state to secede when the secession convention reconvened on 6 May. Simply go to krogercommunityrewards.com, click “Create an Account” to sign in, and select CALS Foundation as your organization to support. Returned to the State of Arkansas in 1905 by the U.S. War Department. Donelson McGregor, who was reared near the Hermitage, and was grand-nephew of the President Andrew Jackson. Like almost all Southern states during the American Civil War, Arkansas provided a number of units to fight for the Union organized from African-Americans and Northern sympathizers. Additional support provided by the Arkansas General Assembly. Almost immediately, the First The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies; Series 1 – Volume 1, Page 687, Accessed at Cornell University Library, 27 October 2011, The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies; Series 1 – Volume 1, Page 687. The third unit bearing the title "1st Arkansas" was the 1st Arkansas Volunteer Infantry, which served with the Union Army. 5th Arkansas Regiment Infantry (African Descent). [30] The 1st Arkansas Infantry took part in the following engagements: There are currently two flags associated with the 1st Arkansas known to be in existence, a 1st National Flag pattern issued to the Jacksonport Guards and a Hardee Pattern Flag which was carried by the Consolidated 1st/15th Arkansas during the Atlanta Campaign. [14], 1st Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Hardee Pattern, United States. The woods and brush between the two armies caught fire because of the gunfire and artillery. Honors lettering below the disc are gold, ornate, 4" letters: CHICKAMAUGA, border is white with black capitol Romans: MANASSAS, EVANSPORT, SHILOH, TUSCUMBIA CREEK, PERRYVILLE, FARMINGTON, BRIDGECREEK, MURFREESBORO. He then waved a white flag of truce yelling to the Union soldiers to "come and get your wounded, they are burning to death." The fire began to creep toward the wounded soldiers. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1887, Page 974; digital images, (. The additiona… General Earl Van Dorn had received orders to move his army from Arkansas to Corinth, Mississippi, to support Confederate operations in that area. [5] Thompson B. Flournoy was a planter from Laconia, in Desha County, and had supported the Douglas and Johnson ticket in the election of 1860. Wernick, John. Your monthly donation provides ongoing and predictable support we can count on to fund educational and cultural programming for the patrons, communities, and neighborhoods being served by CALS. Walls, David. Although Arkansas joined the Confederate States of America in 1861, not all of its citizens supported secession. The regiment re-entered service approximately a month later. : 100 Rock Street [6] The regiment was stationed at Aquia Creek, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, in the brigade of Gen. T. H. Holmes. President Abraham Lincoln called upon the "militia of the several states" to provide 75,000 troops to put down the rebellion.Governor Henry Rector famously refused Lincoln's request for troops.U… He stated that after secession the state could and would aid the Confederacy. There were three regiments known as "1st Arkansas" during the war. Brougnah and James. Up until that point, Congress had decreed that only white male citizens should be enrolled. "Perryville Order of Battle: Forces Present at Perryville, October 8, 1862 (Revised January 10, 2008)", unpublished paper, United States. War Dept. 46th United States Colored Infantry Materials. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Black Flag over Dixie: Racial Atrocities and Reprisals in the Civil War. Tennessee Ernie Ford - Marching Song (of the First Arkansas Negro Regiment) Lyrics. Series 1, Volume 38, In Five Parts. Major funding provided by the Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation. Creating an account gives you access to all these features. [14], The regiment attracted attention on the road from Arkansas to Virginia, as folks along the way learned that it contained the offspring of two famous Tennessee families. Spreading your gift out through monthly contributions is a great solution for your budget and ours. The 24th Arkansas Infantry (1861–1865) was a Confederate Army infantry regiment during the American Civil War. All lettering is painted. United States. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Confederate States presidential election of 1861, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1st_Arkansas_Infantry_Regiment&oldid=957474435, Military units and formations in Arkansas, Military units and formations established in 1861, Military units and formations disestablished in 1865, 1865 disestablishments in the Confederate States of America, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Company A – "The El Dorado Sentinels" – of, Company B – "The Clark County Volunteers" – of. Hood's disastrous Franklin-Nashville Campaign. On May 6, 1863, despite having improper equipment and little military training, the First Arkansas was ordered to move to Lake Providence, Louisiana. [23] Due to a special cartel between Union General William T. Sherman and Confederate General John B. Despite having the third smallest white population of any Confederate state, Arkansas supplied more troops for the Union army than any other Confederate state except Tennessee. It was then stationed at Evansport, where the men of the regiment, under Capt. Marching Song (Of the First Arkansas Negro Regiment) Add to Song Favorites Overview ↓ User Reviews ↓ Attributes ↓ Share on facebook twitter tumblr Appears On … Organization [edit] The 26th Arkansas Infantry Regiment was among the first regiments organized in wake of the defeat of Confederate forces at the Battle of Pea Ridge in February 1862. Arkansas Historical Quarterly, 18 (Summer 1959): 90–98*Harrell, John M. "Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States", Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas Clement Anselm Evans, Ed.. Sutherland, Daniel E., ed. Beauregard's Confederate Army of the Potomac during the battle of First Manassas, but the 1st Arkansas never became engaged. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Martin. Colored Troops on May 11, 1864. Prof. Frank Bronaugh, of the military department of St. John's College, Little Rock, was chosen adjutant. Allowing African-American men to serve was due in part to the Emancipation Proclamation and the Militia Act of 1862. Colored Infantry, and 306 men died in the line of duty. Lieutenant Colonel Donelson McGregor and fourteen others soldiers for the Battle of Murfreesboro[19] As of result of high casualties during the Chattanooga campaign, the 1st Arkansas was consolidated with the 15th Arkansas under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William H. If you would like to make a donation by check, print this donation form, fill it out and mail it with your check to: Central Arkansas Library System Virginia needs our aid. The unit began its service in the Department of the Trans-Mississippi, but the bulk of the unit was captured at the Battle of Arkansas Post and shipped to Northern prison camps. Objections to enlisting are made by negroes who but for this heavy fatigue duty would enlist and make good soldiers.…”. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2005. Colonel William P. Martin who was commanding the 1st and 15th combined Arkansas Regiments, jumped on the earthworks and ordered his Confederate soldiers to cease firing. Staff officers are appointed by the President; the term of service not less than twelve months, unless sooner discharged. War Dept. [28][29] The Confederacy had only one award for valor, the Confederate Roll of Honor. Holman, Kurt. Beginning in 1863, recruitment of black soldiers proceeded with Lincoln's approval. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield, The Civil War for Kids, Accessed 16 February 2012. These men were taken and imprisoned in Louisiana and Texas. Sikakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida and Arkansas, Facts on File, Inc., 1992, List of Arkansas Civil War Confederate units, http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154629, http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154629/m1/984/?q=McGregor, http://dlxs2.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;g=moagrp;xc=1;q1=Rector;rgn=full%20text;idno=waro0001;didno=waro0001;view=image;seq=703;page=root;size=s;frm=frameset, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2001.05.0254%3Achapter%3D11%3Apage%3D292, The Manassas Campaign, Virginia, July 21, 1861 - Order of battle, Manassas National Battlefield Park - The Battle of First Manassas, Confederate order of battle, http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154614/m1/500/?q=Army, Perryville Battlefield State Historic Site, http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth154634/m1/656/?q=Reynolds, "First Arkansas Volunteer Infantry Regiment", "Arkansas Confederate Regimental Histories", http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=4815#, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/cwflags/webbbs_config.pl?read=5234, http://www.civilwarhome.com/chattanoogaorderofbattle(confed).htm, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, The Arkansas History Commission, State Archives, Civil War in Arkansas, List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, Confederate artworks in the United States Capitol, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials. In Company G, five men escaped in 1863, five other men died while in the hands of the enemy after being captured, and two were paroled after July 1865 and returned to their company. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. Many of these initial companies had originally been organized as volunteer companies under the Arkansas Militia law which authorized each county to form, in addition to the standard militia regiment, up to four volunteer companies, one each of Rifles, Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry. Governor Henry Rector famously refused Lincoln's request for troops. The officers, except the staff officers, are to be appointed in the manner prescribed by the law of your State. I there- fore request you to furnish one regiment of infantry without delay, to rendezvous at Lynchburg, Va. Although Congress had passed a confiscation act and a militia act in July 1862, permitting freed slaves to serve in the Union Army, President Abraham Lincoln was initially reluctant to enlist blacks as soldiers. Leave your legacy with a planned gift that can help ensure quality materials, programming, and services for our libraries. For more information, contact 501-918-3025 or calsfoundation@cals.org. SIR: The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. The first Arkansas Secession Convention had convened in March and voted against secession. From December 1864 until February 1865, the regiment was stationed on various steamers to New Orleans, Louisiana. Due to the losses suffered by Govan's Brigade during the Atlanta Campaign, the 1st/15th, 5th/13th and 2nd/24th Arkansas Regiments were consolidated into one regiment, which was commanded by Colonel Peter Green of the 5th/13th (specifically of the 5th). This page was last edited on 19 May 2020, at 01:36. The consolidated regiment fought under the colors of the consolidated 5th/13th Arkansas Regiment, because this was one of the few colors not captured when Govan's Brigade was overrun at the Battle of Jonesboro. This collection consists of incomplete sets of Civil War muster rolls of Arkansas units that mustered into the United States Army in Missouri, but served in Arkansas from 1863-1864. [citation needed], The remnants of ten depleted Arkansas regiments, along with one mostly-Arkansas regiment, in the Army of Tennessee were consolidated into a single regiment at Smithfield, North Carolina, on 9 April 1865. The 1st Arkansas Infantry (1861–1865) was a Confederate Army infantry regiment during the American Civil War. Additional support provided by the Arkansas Community Foundation. After the battle the Confederate forces (Chorus) Glory, glory hallelujah. The central device is a white disc with black crossed cannons in the center (each 3 1/2" wool). 72201. Oh, we’re the bully soldiers of the “First of Arkansas,” We are fighting for the Union, we are fighting for the law, We can hit a Rebel further than a white man ever saw, As we go marching on. The second unit with the designation of "1st Arkansas" was the 1st Infantry, Arkansas State Troops, which was mustered into Confederate service at Pitman's Ferry, Arkansas, on 23 July 1861, under the command of Colonel Patrick Cleburne; this unit was eventually redesignated as the 15th Arkansas Volunteer Infantry. Gingles, Violet. [6], Colonel Flournoy began by organizing the first companies which arrived in Little Rock seeking service in the Confederate forces. War Dept. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies. 613 likes. Series 1, Volume 10, In Two Parts. The regiment will be entitled to one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel, one major, one adjutant from the line of lieutenants, one~ sergeant-major from the enlisted men. [7] Units such as the DeWitt Guards from Arkansas County and the Jackson Guards from Jackson County had organized months earlier in the state militia as sectional frictions increased. Or, sign up for Kroger Rewards and a portion of your purchases at Kroger will be donated to the CALS Foundation. Little Rock, Ark. The 1st Arkansas regiment began its organization in April 1861, before Arkansas had even seceded from the Union. [15], In February 1862 they were transferred and attached to the Army of Mississippi under the command of General P.G.T. War Dept. Read our Privacy Policy. It moved first to Virginia, but transferred back to Tennessee and served the rest of the war in the western theater, seeing action in the Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia campaigns. "Saline County, First Arkansas Infantry Volunteers, C.S.A." [citation needed], The Hardee Pattern Flag which represented the 1st/15th Consolidated Arkansas Infantry Regiments during the Atlanta Campaign is a cotton and wool flag with faded blue field. Skip to main content Hello, Sign in … Marching Song of the First Arkansas Regiment LINDLEY H. MILLER After the Emancipation Proclamation, signed January 1, 1863, newly freed black slaves were urged to join the Union Army. [25], The regiment and the rest of Govan's Brigade were released and exchanged just in time to participate in General John B. The nucleus of what became Dobbin's regiment was Maj. Francis Marion Chrisman's battalion of four companies, organized on September 28, 1862.Chrisman's battalion was assigned to Parson's Cavalry Brigade, 1st Corps, Trans-Mississippi Department, from September to December 1862; after which it was reported as an unattached command in the District of Arkansas, until about January 1863, when it was increased to a regiment and designated as the 1st (Dobbin's) Regiment Arkansas Cavalry. Col. John M. Harrell, "Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States", Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas Clement Anselm Evans, Ed., Accessed 21 July 2011, Kie Oldham Papers, Arkansas History Commission, One Capitol Mall, Little Rock Arkansas, Box 2, Items 130e. The Confederates were battled-hardened members of the Twelfth, Nineteenth, or Thirtieth Texas Cavalry. Rate and review titles you borrow and share your opinions on them. They marched to Vicksburg, Mississippi, in April 1864 and engaged in picket and outpost duty at Milliken’s Bend, Louisiana, until November. © 2019 Encyclopedia of Arkansas. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. The 1st Arkansas regiment began its organization in April 1861, before Arkansas had even seceded from the Union. [6] In July 1861, Holme's Brigade served as the reserve for Confederate General P.G.T. In April 1863, an organization of African-American troops was commenced in the Mississippi River Valley under the personal supervision of the adjutant-general of the army, Lorenzo Thomas. A group of reenactors in Arkansas that reenact the life of the 1st Arkansas US Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War. Governor Rector sent another dispatch requesting to know if the Confederacy would accept a regiment raised by T. B. Flournoy, as Colonel, John B. Thompson as Lieutenant Colonel, and W.N. All Rights Reserved. On 12 April, Confederate forces under General P. G. T. Beauregard bombarded Fort Sumter, forcing its capitulation. Give a donation in someone’s name to mark a special occasion, honor a friend or colleague or remember a beloved family member. Lt. When a tribute gift is given the honoree will receive a letter acknowledging your generosity and a bookplate will be placed in a book. Watch the video for Marching Song (Of The First Arkansas Negro Regiment) from Tennessee Ernie Ford's Sings Civil War Songs Of The North for free, and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. Part 2, Correspondence, etc., Book, 1884; digital images, (. Later the opposing forces began to fire at each other again. President Abraham Lincoln called upon the "militia of the several states" to provide 75,000 troops to put down the rebellion. [8] At the actual organization of the regiment at Little Rock on 6 May 1861, Flournoy was defeated for the colonelcy, and Captain James F. Fagan, of Saline County, was elected colonel; Capt. You have arms and ammunition with which to supply them. War Dept. [24] The 1st/15th reported 15 killed, 67 wounded, and 3 missing during the Battle of Atlanta. Twenty-seven soldiers of the 1st Arkansas Infantry were inscribed into the roll during the war, as the Confederacy lacked the funds to manufacture medals. The regiment was mustered into Confederate service on 19 May 1861, at Lynchburg, Virginia. Entering the battle with a force of just over 800, they took 364 casualties, 45 percent of their force. The flag was utilized as the regimental colors of the 1st Arkansas while the regiment was in Virginia in the summer of 1861. Captured by the 14th Michigan Infantry at Jonesboro, Georgia, on 1 September 1864. 72201. [20] This consolidation united the two units that had been designated "1st Arkansas" because upon its formation, the 15th Arkansas had originally been designated by the Arkansas State Military Board as the 1st Arkansas Infantry, State Troops. Donations made to the CALS Foundation are tax-deductible for United States federal income tax purposes. The First Arkansas arrived on May 10 and, on that same evening, marched to Bayou Macon and drove the enemy away. The flag of the combined 5th/13th Arkansas was issued in March 1864 and was captured by Benjamin Newman of the 88th Illinois Infantry at the battle of Franklin. For additional information: 1st Arkansas Union Cavalry (1862–1865) was a cavalry regiment from the state of Arkansas that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. [21], During the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain on June 27, 1864, the 1st/15th Arkansas became involved in a famous humanitarian act. Series 1, Volume 20, In Two Parts. [3] At one point in the battle, not far from the position known as the "Dead Angle", the Union frontal assault had failed leaving hundreds of dead and wounded Union soldiers between the Confederate works and the Union lines. The First Arkansas would be one of four regiments of African Americans that was raised in Helena (Phillips County), a fortified city and naval port on the Mississippi River. Ronnie A. Nichols Some of the black prisoners of war were able to escape from their Rebel captors and rejoin their regiment, and some were killed in their attempt for freedom. Gov. [22], The regiment and it colors were captured, along with much of Govan's Brigade at the Battle of Jonesboro, Georgia, on Sept. 1, 1864. Company G suffered two officers and fifty-eight enlisted men taken. Part 3, Reports., Book, 1891; digital images, (. To arm and equip the regiment was moved to Brownsville, Texas where! 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