Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Over 50,000 buildings were destroyed or badly damaged and 300,000 people were left homeless. Fire raged unchecked in several places. The city and its surroundings constitute the western portion of the Osaka-Kobe … Somewhere around 200,000 buildings collapsed when the Kobe earthquake occurred in 1995, thus leaving scores of people either dead under their debris or homeless. The collapse of 18 spans (total length 630 m) of the Hanshin Expressway Route 3 elevated highway bridge in Fukae during the 1995 Kobe earthquake is investigated. Most railways in the region were damaged. Japan installed rubber blocks under bridges to absorb the shock and rebuilt buildings further apart to prevent collateral damage. the Kobe earthquake happened on the 17th of January 1995 at 5.46 am. The magnitude was 6.8. After that ridge quake, however, all the fires were put with eight hours and no one was caught in rubble for more than eight hours, while Kobe some victims died because their bodies were not pulled out until five days after the quake. The reasons depends on a number of factors including construction methods, maintenance, soil stability, and location of gas lines. Some people had to be operated on in waiting rooms and corridors. This kind of rigidity in our system is proved by this enormous tragedy. Intro facts: Cause of the earthquake: The earthquake was caused by the Philippines Plate being subducted under the Eurasian Plate. There, people who lost their homes, became depressed after moving to places where they didn’t know anybody. After the original 5:46 a.m. quake, those that survived went back into their homes to search for family members, remove their valuables, or otherwise clean up. Such was its intensity that even the sensors on the other side of the world picked it. About a million of Kobe's 1.4 million residents lost their electricity, gas and water supplies due to damaged pipes and transmission lines. When something disrupts our system, the system becomes unworkable." 1995: Earthquake devastates Kobe Hundreds of people are feared dead and thousands injured after a powerful earthquake struck Japan at dawn. This help was essential to the Kobe population, because official support was inconsistent and chaotic for several days. All the woman could find was her daughter's hand sticking out of the rubble. The great destruction which resulted from the 1995 Kobe Earthquake was due to the shallow depth of the focus which was only about 16 kms. Luckily I don't have much furniture, so I was able to wriggle out from under it. It wasn't until July 29 that all four lanes were opened to traffic along one section. Then we noticed that all the furniture was in disarray.” After six hours they were freed by rescuers who chopped through the ceiling above them. One survivor in an emergency shelter told a Japanese television station, "we haven't eaten anything except one or two slices of bread and a banana---that's all today. [9] Observations of deformations in these faults suggest that the area was subjected to east–west compression, which is consistent with previously known crustal movements. Wooden supports collapsed inside supposedly solid concrete pilings under the tracks of the Shinkansen high-speed rail line, causing the entire line to shut down. Nearly 80 percent of the quake victims died from being crushed or suffocated in collapsed buildings. This was Japan's worst earthquake in the 20th century after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, which claimed more than 105,000 lives. The problem was pervasive because the majority of the waterfront facilities were reclaimed lands consisting of loose to medium-dense cohesionless fills. The collapse of 18 spans (total length 630 m) of the Hanshin Expressway Route 3 elevated highway bridge in Fukae during the 1995 Kobe earthquake is investigated. [Source: T.R. Even though there were rumors to the contrary and goods were available for the picking in the shattered store windows there was little or no looting in Kobe. There's still a skyline!" More than 300,000 people were moved to emergency shelters in schools, gymnasiums and other buildings, where they slept like packed sardines on floors and even on the stairs. The government officials that designated the housing were not very generous with their assessments. The earthquake in Kobe on January, 17, 1995 left 6,425 dead, injured 25,000, displaced 300,000 people, damaged or destroyed 100,000 buildings and caused at least $132 billion worth of damage, or about 2.5 percent of Japan's national income, making it one of … ", Japanese TV shot The Japanese and Western coverage of the earthquake was quite different. Source(s): https://shrink.im/a9g1y. Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. After Japanese television reporter asked an earthquake survivor, "Don't you feel cold?" It measured 6.9 on the moment magnitude scale and had a maximum intensity of 7 on the JMA Seismic Intensity Scale (X on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale). It spread toward the southwest along the Nojima Fault on Awaji and toward the northeast along the Suma and Suwayama faults, which run through the center of Kobe. Salarymen walked past eight foot piles of rubble and thousands of homeless sleeping on tent cities. When the wood supports gave way, the roof crushed the unreinforced walls and floors in a pancake collapse. Bullet trains lines were damaged in 36 places over a length of 56 miles, requiring three months to fix. There were several reasons why the earthquake was so devastating. Kobe Earthquake Facts. Discussions of Japan's "Lost Decade" tend towards purely economic analysis, and neglect the impact of the earthquake on the Japanese economy which at the time was already suffering from recession. Some people were taken care of better by the yakuza than by the government. First of all the earthquake was very shallow, which means it is more likely to cause extensive damage. Many newer buildings were badly damaged but they didn’t collapse. Many people were killed when heavy typhoon-resistant tile roofs collapsed on top of them. Half of the elevated expressway's piers sustained some damage. [7], The Great Hanshin earthquake belonged to a third type, called an "inland shallow earthquake". The damage to highways and subways was the most graphic image of the earthquake, and images of the collapsed elevated Kobe Route of the Hanshin Expressway appeared on front pages of newspapers worldwide. Basically, the Kobe earthquake was a 'shallow inland earthquake,' i.e., an earthquake which occurs along the active faults. The headquarters acted as a coordinator among ministries and agencies, and implemented reconstruction work.” [Source: Yomiuri Shimbun. Kobe earthquake of 1995 killed over 6,000 persons, and destroyed more than 100,000 homes, still the economic recovery not only of Japan but also of the Kobe economy was rapid.” Muchofthis view can betraced toanarticle byGeorge Horwich published in Economic Development and Cultural Change that analyzed the Kobe event a few years afterward. "One of the oddities of natural disasters," reported Time magazine, "is that rebuilding eventually generates a surge in economic growth and that is almost certain to occur in Japan..Construction firms and producers who supply the steel, glass, concrete, telephones and machinery they need can expect to do well.". Damage was widespread and severe. The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. Kobe's modern buildings "seemed to have performed very well," a former Stanford engineering professor told Newsweek. Then Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama chaired a government headquarters for the reconstruction that included all cabinet members. At 5.46am on January 17th 1995, whilst many of its citizens were still asleep, the Japanese city of Kobe was hit by largest earthquake in Japan since 1923. 1995: Earthquake devastates Kobe Hundreds of people are feared dead and thousands injured after a powerful earthquake struck Japan at dawn. Kobe Earthquake Facts . In the end, the government coughed up only about 6 trillion yen of a total 16.3 trillion yen in reconstruction costs over 10 years. 17 JANUARY 1995 Kobe Earthquake Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The focus was only 16km below the crust and this happened on the 17th Jan 1995 at 5.46am. Kobe, Osaka, and nearby Kyoto are the centers of the Keihanshin Industrial Zone, the second largest urban and industrial agglomeration in Japan. The overturned concrete deck was monolithically connected (“piltz” form) to 3.1-m-diameter circular-column piers, founded on 17-pile groups in alluvium sand and gravel. The national government changed its disaster response policies in the wake of the earthquake, and its response to the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake was significantly faster and more effective. In December 1995, the government declared January 17 a national "Disaster Prevention and Volunteerism Day", and the week from January 15 to 21 a national "Disaster Prevention and Volunteerism Week", to be commemorated with lectures, seminars, and other events designed to encourage voluntary disaster preparedness and relief efforts. The tremors lasted for approximately 20 seconds. Japan itself is positioned on the margin between of the Eurasian Plate. The year 1995 is often regarded as a turning point in the emergence of volunteerism as a major form of civic engagement. Kobe Earthquake An earthquake occurred on January 17th, 1995, at 5:46 am in the south-central part of Japan. Although further from a plate margin than most of the cities in Japan, Kobe is still found on a fault line. The Great Hanshin earthquake (阪神・淡路大震災 Hanshin Awaji daishinsai? 25:07. residents whose homes were designated "totally damaged" or "half damaged" received government money and money from $450 million in donations that had been raised across Japan. The earthquake resulted in more than 6,000 deaths and over 30,000 injuries. The Great Hanshin earthquake, or Kobe earthquake, was an earthquake that occurred on Tuesday, January 17, 1995, at 05:46 JST in the southern part of Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Many were killed when a second quake hit a couple of hours later, being trapped in their already weakened structures. Japan is one of the most geologic ally active regions on Earth, a place where four major tectonic plate s—the Eurasian, Philippine, Pacific, and North American—meet and interact. In the 1995 Kobe Earthquake, the subsequent deaths of about 920 people days and weeks after the disaster, or about 14 percent of all victims, were recognized as being caused by the earthquake. "All they seem to have are a bunch of chain saw and shovels," one California rescuer told Newsweek. Fires following the earthquake incinerated the equivalent of 70 U.S. city blocks. A professor at Tokyo University told the New York Times: "This earthquake symbolizes the systematic weak points in our postwar system. Ten spans of the Kobe Route elevated expressway were knocked over in three locations across Kobe and Nishinomiya, blocking a link that carried 40% of Osaka-Kobe road traffic. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Earthquake Deaths in the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, 1995, American Journal of Epidemiology , v.153. Los Angeles Lakers Pay Tribute To Kobe Bryant - Kobe Bryant tribute by Los Angeles Lakers | Milwaukee Bucks And Fans Pay Tribute To Kobe Bryant | Boston Celtics Pay Tribute To Kobe Bryant. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. The earthquake resulted in more than 6,000 deaths and over 30,000 injuries. AFTERMATH OF THE KOBE EARTHQUAKE. Social workers learned from the Kobe Earthquake in 1995 that simply providing new housing is not enough. 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