This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. Plectranthus blumei (Benth.) Coleus is an annual or herbaceous perennial in the mint family with attractive foliage and succulent stems that comes in many colors and provides year-round interest. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Willd. Sven Samelius. Plectranthus scutellarioides, commonly known as coleus, is a tropical evergreen tender perennial that has been a popular foliage plant since at least Victorian times. There are two ways to propagate coleus. Symbol Scientific Name Other Common Names; COBL: Coleus blumei Benth. To germinate seeds, simply sprinkle seeds on the soil surface and press down. Solenostemon blumei (Benth.) Most of our plants labeled with the common name "Coleus" fall into the former Coleus blumei category, although some of the the trailing varieties were formerly labeled C. pumilus or C. rehneltianus. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Launert. Common Name: Coleus. Merr. New cultivars with different leaf shapes and color combinations are constantly being created. The increase in anthocyanin production is accompanied by a decrease in chlorophyll production. The common name of this plant in Spanish is coleo. The synonyms Coleus blumei, Plectranthus scutellarioides and Solenostemon scutellarioides are also widely used for this species. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Common Name(s) Coleus, painted nettle, plus over a thousand cultivar names: Scientific Name: Plectranthus scutellarioides: Family: Lamiaceae: Origin : Tropical areas from southeast Asia to Australia, now grown globally: Height: 10-30 inches depending on variety: Light: Part shade ideal, full shade also okay. Placement in the genus Coleus, and the name Coleus blumei, led to the name "coleus", still widely used by horticulturalists and gardeners, and now treated as a common name for this species. The term “coleus” is often used as a common name for species formerly placed in the genus Coleus that are cultivated as ornamental plants, particularly Coleus blumei, which is popular as a garden plant for its brightly colored foliage. , 2012. Plant is able to self-seed due to fallen nutlets. At this time, there were few leaf colors and shapes. Tip-prune to promote … Description. Whiteflies are very tiny and fly out from under the leaves, especially when the plant is … Coleus atropurpureus Benth. common name for the genus Solenostemon and for this . The relationship among the genera Coleus, Solenostemon and Plectranthushas been confused. Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. 6 (Special Issue No. GENUS: Coleus. common coleus; Other Scientific Names. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[13], In cultivation, plants grow well in moist well-drained soil, and are usually 0.5–1 m (1.6–3.3 ft) tall, though some may grow as tall as 2 m (6.6 ft). It only takes a few of these insects to infect a whole greenhouse. Scientific Name: Coleus blumei Synonyms: Solenostemon scutellarioides Common Names: Coleus plant, painted nettle. Coleus have had a variety of botanical names. Plectranthus ingrates Blume. Placement in the genus Coleus led to the name "coleus", still widely used by horticulturalists and gardeners, and now treated as a common name for this species. Coleus has been in cultivation for many years and has had its scientific name reassigned several times. The coleus was originally given the botanical name Coleus blumei and therefore shared its generic name, Coleus, with dozens of other related species: Coleus caninus, Coleus elatus, etc. Ocimum scutellarioides L. (basionym) Solenostemon scutellarioides (L.) Codd; Contents. Coleus blumei; Preferred Common Name. Basic Information Coleus Blumei plants Coleus blumei is a perennial plant which is also known as Solenostemon. Names of Coleus in various languages of the world are also given. They are heat-tolerant, but they do less well in full sun in subtropical areas than in the shade. Coleus atropurpureus Benth. The most recent taxonomic treatment of the genus resurr… SPECIES: Blumei. Coleus scutellarioides (L.) BENTH. Coleus (Coleus Blumei) is a genus of perennial plants native to tropical Africa, Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Scientific Name Other Common Names; COBL: Coleus blumei Benth. The specific epithet scutellarioides means "resembling the genus Scutellaria" – a genus also in the Lamiaceae, whose name is derived from the Latin scutella, meaning a small dish or bowl. The presence of a TCR or TCH is not diagnostic for members of the genus Coleviroid (vernacular name coleviroids): a TCH is characteristic of the type species of this genus (Coleus blumei viroid 1), but is replaced by a TCR in the other two species of the same genus, Coleus blumei viroid 2 and Coleus blumei viroid 3 (Fig. scutellarioides. In areas without freezing temperatures, plants can usually be kept as perennials if well managed. Common name: Flame Nettle, Painted Nettle, Coleus, Painted Leaf, Poor Man’s Croton, Jewels of the Garden Family: Lamiaceae Synonymous: Coleus blumei Coleus blumei var. The stamens are joined for about half their length and are covered by the upper lip of the flower. Common Name: Coleus, Painted Nettle Botanical Name: Solenostemon scutellarioides (Coleus blumei), so-len-o-STE-mon sku-te-lay-ri-OID-es Decorative Life: 2-4 … Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. Red, purple, pink, and orange colors are due to anthocyanins – water-soluble, flavonoid biosynthetic pigments, found in the foliage in addition to chlorophyll. The genus Ocimum is best known for Ocimum basilicum, sweet basil. Sprouts can show color in as little as two weeks. George Bentham transferred it to the genus Coleus as Coleus scutellarioides in 1830, and in 1832 also described Coleus blumei, now regarded as just a variant of this species. Most sources now label these plants as Plectranthus scuttellariodes, but they have also been known in the past as Solenostemon scutellarioides and Coleus blumei.And there is yet another recent proposal to reassign the group to Coleus scutellarioides. Coleus formosanus Hayata. Antioxidant effects: A preliminary study was conducted to elucidate in vitro free radical scavenging potential and inhibition of lipid peroxidation of Coleus aromaticus hydroalcoholic extract. [4], The inflorescence is borne on the end of a stem and, like the leaves, is very variable in size; it may be up to 4 cm (1.6 in) long, with few or many flowers. It is harder to control this mildew on stems compared to leaves. Coleus scutellarioides is an upright annual or short-lived perennial plant. Cuba: manto; orégano francés; Germany: Blumes Buntnessel; Italy: coleus; EPPO code The disease is spread by an insect called a thrips that carries the virus from an infected plant to an uninfected one. Coleus Quick Facts. Plectranthus scutellarioides (synonym: Coleus blumei ) is a popular garden plant, cultivated worldwide and is known to be infected with several viroids of the genus Coleviroid , family Pospiviroidae . Coleus hybridus hort. 1), 22-96. [4] Shorter, more trailing forms have sometimes been described as separate species, under names such as Coleus pumilus[4] or Solenostemon pumilus,[5] but are all now considered part of the very variable C. It has been used by the Mazatec indians of Oaxaca as a replacement for S. divinorum, though little is known about its effects or active chemicals. It is known to be a native plant to Asia, Australia, Tropical Africa and many other countries with a similar climate. Coleus blumei var. Coleus hybridus hort. How to grow and maintain Coleus blumei: Light: Bright light. Alternatively, cuttings can be taken. Launert: PLSC5: Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R. Br. common coleus PLBL2: Plectranthus blumei (Benth.) ex Voss Coleus pumilus Blanco Coleus scutellarioides (L.) Benth. Scientific Name of Coleus. Quisumbing's compilation lists Coleus blumei (Mayana) as synonym of Plectranthus scutellarioides Blume. Classification. ex Voss Coleus pumilus Blanco Coleus scutellarioides (L.) Benth. Common Name: Coleus, Painted Nettle Botanical Name: Solenostemon scutellarioides (Coleus blumei), so-len-o-STE-mon sku-te-lay-ri-OID-es Decorative Life: 2-4 … [4], A major phylogenetic study of the subtribe Plectranthinae in 2018 showed that the genus Plectranthus, as then circumscribed, was not monophyletic, and the authors proposed re-instating Coleus, then wholly submerged in Plectranthus. Coleus hybridus hort. P. scutellarioides is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial listed as ‘cultivation escape, naturalised, weed’ in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012), and is known to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012) and a cultivation escape in Puerto Rico (Liogier and Martorell, 2000), Tonga and Guam (Stone, 1970; PIER, 2014). Plant Name. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. In bright, hot areas, the colors of the plant are typically more intense in shade than in full sun, and the plants require less water there. Common Name: Coral Tree. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Images Coleus - Professional images and videos of plants and gardens for use in magazines, books, calendars, brochures and other media. The scientific name of Coleus is the botanical name or formal name. Part of the Lamiaceae family, the genus name Coleus was eventually retired and these plants were incorporated as part of the Plectranthus genus. Solenostemon scutellarioides. Along with the scientific name of Coleus, know the scientific … Cuttings root readily in plain water, without the addition of rooting hormone (although it is still beneficial). One of the many patterns of variegated leaves Photograph by: … CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Le coleus peut également se cultiver en appartement en situation lumineuse. (True nettles and their close kin are in the family Urticaceae.) CABI Data Mining, Undated. Some compilattions list the two species as synonymous. But back in 2006, a taxonomist decided that genus name Coleus was invalid, that all the plants bearing that name should actually be called Solenostemon , and published a paper to that effect. However, by selecting for seed production, early flowering was inadvertently favored, and leaf color also declined in intensity. makes leaves brownish and can also cause leaf curling and twisting. The term “coleus” is often used as a common name for species formerly placed in the genus Coleus that are cultivated as ornamental plants, particularly Coleus blumei, which is popular as a garden plant for its brightly colored foliage. Another common name is painted nettle, reflecting its relationship to deadnettles (Lamiumspecies), which are in the same family. 13.1). ... Common Name: Coleus. Flame Nettle: Hardiness: Tender Perennial often used as an Annual: Foliage: Rich cocoa with mint-green scalloped edge and reverse. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Synonymous: Coleus blumei Coleus blumei var. Coleus grandifolius Benth. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Propagate by seeds or stem cuttings. Later, it was recognized as its own genus of plants. Coleus gaudichaudii Briq. [2] Another common name is painted nettle,[3] reflecting its relationship to deadnettles (Lamium species), which are in the same family. Plant tends to get leggy, sparse and less vigorous with age (especially after flowering). Fertilizer for Coleus: Balanced. Coleus grandifolius Benth. C. blumei produces many tiny beautiful … Plants with trailing as well as upright habits are now available.[12]. Hairs are present on both sides of the leaf. How Coleus is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Majana scutellariodes (L.) Kuntze; Ocimum scutellarioides L. Too minimal light dulls leaf hues and may cause leaves to drop. These look like small white fuzzy creatures on the back of the leaf, the stem or the leaf axils. It is mainly used for photosynthesis experiments and hormone experiments. Merr. is a synonym of Plectranthus scutellarioides (L.) R.Br. The leaves are often variegated with colourful patterns… Solenostemon blumei (Benth.) One of the many patterns of variegated leaves Photograph by: Ahmad Fuad Morad. Coleus scutellarioides, commonly known as coleus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae (the mint or deadnettle family), native to southeast Asia through to Australia. The plug crop time for this plant is approximately 6 weeks. It is native to Southeast Asia and Malaysia. [4] The species is extremely variable in the colour and shape of the leaves. More recent compilations list the species as synonymous. Common name: Flame Nettle, Painted Nettle, Coleus, Painted Leaf, Poor Man’s Croton, Jewels of the Garden. Premium shade Coleus and the environment worldwide light dulls leaf hues and may cause leaves to drop.. And former names for this datasheet, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License synonyms! 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